Differences of approach are prevalent in regards to first and second wave feminism. First of all, through the 19th and 20th centuries first wave feminists focus on specific basic rights such as women’s suffrage and property rights, through the lens of human individuality, viewing humans as free and disinterested. By contrast, second wave feminists of the 1960s through the 1980s advocate for liberties more relevant for their time, such as sexual, reproductive and workplace rights, then they contrast the first wave approach by demolishing the ideas of personal freedoms set in place by a patriarchal society. Indeed, first wave feminists believe in working within a patriarchal system to achieve true equality and autonomy since we are equal in …show more content…
Most importantly the second wave feminist approach avoids seeing morality as a contract, instead relying on the context of the matter, and instead of viewing reason as the main determinant of inquiry, rationality and morality, they use empathy. Indeed, second wave feminists view any previous moral frameworks as male biased, negligent approaches to women’s issues. Here, second wave feminists critique thinkers like Aristotle, Rousseau and Kant as denying that women have the ability to reason, not only this, but these thinkers are devaluing female values and experiences. According to the second wave feminists. an ethics of care is the most reasonable approach, to them, love and empathy are the determinants of flourishing and minimization of any suffering and …show more content…
It is true that an ethics of care is desirable, as empathy should be a factor to consider when determining morality, however, empathy and reason should not be at odds with one another, instead empathy should be a characteristic of reason. For instance, Mills greatest happiness principle could be applied to the second wave feminist approach, as the most reasonable thing to do in a situation would be to maximize happiness and minimize suffering by showing empathy for refugees, the poor and animals. One can get to the best outcomes for humankind by reason and empathy, as reason should bring about human and animal rights. Reason brings about the best possible outcomes and is the most reliable tool in bringing about equality. It is through reason that we understood that blacks and whites are equal and that we are all one species that deserve freedom, property and
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Known as the “Second Wave Feminism Movement”, many individuals targeted the areas of equality and discrimination. These included rights within reproductive health, the wage gap, and harassment within the workplace. Unlike the Women’s Suffrage Movement of the 1920s, women in the 60s and 70s felt the need for a more liberating movement. They had many of the same ideals as the CIvil Rights Movement, using sit-ins, marches and picketing protests. This movement also ultimately led to the expansion of many rights for women.
("Baby Boom").Women have fought endlessly over time to be equal and to have a say, the boomers began to make that more possible than ever thought of. The boomers started a feminist movement that ushered a new era for women. The post war feminist movement is known as the second wave feminist movement. The first wave focused on basic women's rights like gender equality and women's suffrage. The second wave is more about sexuality, family, domesticity, the workplace, reproductive rights, inequalities, and official legal inequalities, it was focused on critiquing the patriarchal, or male-dominated, institutions and cultural practices throughout society.
Since, the eighteen century women have been seeing as property, object and goods (Popple, 2015, p.64). However, today the feminist theory represents the perception that the society and the state is still patriarchal were men persist in dominant positions and women are in subordinate positions. Fact is, accordingly to Bryson (1993) cited in Popple (2015), male power get still physical and psychological demonstrated with domestic violence, sexual abuse or other types of control to minimize women. (Popple,2015, p.65.). It can be argued that the feminist theory
One area of focus in second wave feminism was a woman’s right to have an abortion. This was a controversial topic that came to a head in the landmark decision of the Roe V. Wade case in 1973. Women’s rights in the workplace also gained national attention in 1970s second wave feminism. Although it may not be apparent on the surface of the horror films of the 1970s, these issues of national concern carried over into the realm of
Virginia Held particularly raises arguments in favor of assigning equality in the importance that men and women have in the study of morality. One of Held’s most important arguments for gender equality in ethics was the use of care ethics as a tool of moral evaluation. Care ethics evaluates morality by focusing on how humans relate with each other through the value of care; the principle of care ethics differs from the Kantian and the Utilitarian principle, which study morality by evaluating whether an action is right or wrong. Furthermore, care ethics supports that “experience determines fates” of moral theory, since experiences are relevant to human domains of activity, and therefore relevant to
First Wave Feminism, or Liberal Feminism, is often times summarized as the Women’s Suffrage Movement, but it fight for much more than the right to vote. First Wave Feminism is better summarized as political and financial equality for women, but it also helped and fought for civil rights. Women’s suffrage was the major accomplishment from the First Wave but isn’t the movement itself. Alice Paul stated after the ratification of the 19th Amendment; “It is incredible to me that any woman should consider the fight for full equality won. It has just begun.”
Feminism: Viewing feminism from all aspects From the following classic definition of a “feminist” by believing the idea of equality, there is an added responsibility of delivering the idea, convincing people, and helping people realize the occurrence of feminism. Being a feminist by any means is not an easy task. As the idea of feminism is rapidly developing across the globe, it refers to various questions, misconceptions, and sometimes extreme detestation directed towards the feminists. Society still doesn’t understand the essence of feminism, and the true meaning of it. Some believe that a feminist fight for women's equality, while others believe that women should be able to fulfill their highest potential.
Women in early mid-1800s started to fight for equal rights more than ever. Since American males have been granted more rights since the American independence, women started to question the reasons behind why they are not getting the same rights as men. This started a generations of women fighting for their equal rights. From the arguments presented by first wave feminists for women’s right and the evidence against inclusion by their detractors, the first wave feminists for women’s right had a better convincing argument because they did not over exaggerate their arguments and evidence to the arguments that they made.
5). The first wave feminists are regarded as the ‘godmothers’ of feminism because they claimed for controversial and critical changes, which then became part of women’s lives (Baumgardner & Richards, 2000; Henry, 2004; Heywood, 2006, as cited in Ewig & Ferree, 2013, p. 448). They laid the ground for further following feminists’ waves and movements, as for example the second wave of feminism (1960s – 1970s). Intersectionality was one of the ground-breaking differences in comparison to the first wave of feminism. The second wave feminists included a variety of women, other than just the white-bourgeoisie western women.
The old feminism is crumbling because it simply does not answer the needs and questions of the 21st-century women. “Women are the equals of men. Men and women are not separate political classes” (Socialist Alternative, 2). Anyone who shares the desire to reduce inequality and promote opportunity must embrace feminism. “If the future is men and women dwelling as images of each other in a world unchanged, it is a nightmare” (Greer, 2).
From the start, feminists have been critical of mainstream moral theories because of a number of observed flaws in their methods. In Susan Sherwin's judgments, both feminist ethics and medical ethics share a sense of frustration about the level of abstraction and generalization that one finds in mainstream work in bioethics. To correct this, womanists have been committed to including contextual details in their analyses, and for making space for personal aspects of relationships in their moral decision making (21-22). "A feminine consciousness regards the gender traits that have been traditionally associated with women--in particular, nurturance, compassion, caring--as positive human traits," Rosemarie Tong explains. Feminist philosophers have stressed the particularity and embodiment of all
THE UNDERSTANDING OF FIRST WAVE OF FEMINISM "Feminism is the
Liberal feminists were so obsessed with the ‘equality’ that they oppose the protective legislation for women (based on this position they have been severely criticized, it will be discussed later in the paper). Jagger (cited in Acker, 1987) discussed liberal feminism’s opposition to protective legislation, based on its desire to overcome sex based laws and establish formal equality. Liberal feminists seek the repeal of all laws that ascribe different rights, responsibilities and opportunities to women and men. They oppose protective legislation for women, believing that the same standards of health and safety should apply to everyone. Feminists such as Marry Wollstonecraft, Johnstuart Mill, Jagger and Struhl, Eisentein and Scheman rejects the major component of tradional liberalism, and asserted that the value of women as human being is not instrumental to the welfare of men and children and that it is equal to the value of men, and demanded various forms of public and private recognition of it, including respect for women and privacy.