Abortion is a controversial topic that has caused much disagreement for philosophers and people alike. Whether it should be morally permissible for the mother to have control over her body and the future of the first-trimester foetus is a question that has moral, legal and religious implications. In regards to the ethical concerns, there are various factors to be considered when determining the morality of abortion. Abortion, (permitting a competent mother to terminate a pregnancy) is already a fixed moral and legal right in 75% of the world’s countries. It will be argued that abortion of a first-trimester foetus is morally permissible due to the mother’s right to her own body, the problems associated with the potentiality argument as well …show more content…
Mary Anne Warren argues that human beings have a special criterion of which foetuses lack . In the biological sense a foetus is a human but any further sense of being human is lacking; consequently, in the moral sense a first trimester foetus is not human. As Warren goes on to argue, as foetuses are not sentient, rational and do not have a conception of themselves; they are therefore not a human being in the full moral sense, but instead only genetically human. As a foetus is not capable to be apart of a moral community, the foetus is therefore not a human and therefore makes abortion morally permissible. It has been argued that until the foetus is sentient, it has no moral status and has no psychological connection with their potential future; therefore they are owed very little in the way of moral protection. This is highlighted by the Supreme Court’s decision of Roe v. Wade. This case separated personhood from humanity as the judge agreed that a foetus was a member of the Homo sapiens but not a person in a moral sense. It could therefore be argued that a foetus is not a human in a full moral status and hence has no moral status. Indeed, this allows the permissibility of …show more content…
Additionally, rational women should have the right to decide if they want to keep or abort the child, as she is the best person to judge whether the child is a price that can be paid. Advances in abortion cases today support this argument, with young girls who are too immature to be fully supporting mothers, the decision to abort is more rational. This freedom of choice reflects the mother’s moral right, who has a fully developed consciousness regarding abortion. Thus, in my opinion, due to the lack of the foetus’s moral status is more important. The first-trimester foetus is shown to lack moral status, as it is not able to function in a moral community; it is instead only genetically human, making it morally permissible to have an abortion. Therefore, it is evident that abortion remains an extensively disputed topic, and the question of whether a mother should be morally permitted to request an abortion has no clear
Click here to unlock this and over one million essaysShow More
Mary Anne Warren’s argument for the moral permissibility of abortion concentrates on the question of personhood and humanity with reference to a common anti-abortion argument and the discussion of potential personhood. Her argument builds on the belief that fetuses are not human beings and considers humanity through certain categories one must have in order to be considered a human person. Warren’s argument is logical, however, her argument is unsound because of a series of erroneous premises. Thus, because these premises are erroneous, an Aristotelian-type argument can be constructed that properly discusses potential persons and argues against Warren, thus aruging for the moral impermissibility of abortion.
The victims are not only the people who suffer a “real” disaster, or crimes, fetus can also be a victim. Though victim is not a sentience being, and they apparently fail to the requirement of mentation. Empathy faces the risk of ending of life, they directly do harm on them. For more, contraception is an attempt to question future-like-ours theory. The essay does not analysis the contraception as immoral and wrong.
Don Marquis offers the following argument against the moral permissibility of abortion: 1. It is wrong to deprive any determinate individual of having a “future like ours” (FLO), that is, of the future valuable experiences that its future may contain. 2. To have an abortion is to deprive a determine individual (a fetus) of a FLO. ---------------- 3.
Abortion is not only a fluctuating concept in our society, but an ethical and emotional debate, as well. The image I have chosen presents concepts from a cultural and historical background, as well as presents an ethical, emotional, and logical appeal to the audience. The debate about abortion has simply been overblown and exhausted. The truth of the matter is, abortion is murder. Ending a life, whether innocent or guilty, is murder.
With almost half the nation divided among their views, abortion remains one of the most controversial topics in our society. Since Roe v. Wade, our views in society as well as following court cases have been progressing toward the woman’s right to choose. The precedent set by Roe v. Wade made the Supreme Court acknowledge that it cannot rule specifically when life begins and it also affirms that it is the woman’s right to have an abortion under the 14th Amendment. In the 1st Amendment, the Establishment Clause forbids the government from passing laws “which aid one religion, aid all religions, or prefer one religion over another”. Many Christian pro-lifers use their religious beliefs to dispute when life begins.
Doris Gudino Professor Chounlamountry Political Science 1 27 July 2015 Pro-Choice Anyone? A woman has, undoubtedly, the freedom to procreate, but once a woman chooses to retreat from that freedom, a commotion arises. Abortion is a woman’s choice for many reasons. It’s her body, therefore, no one else can decide for said person.
For example, finds out whether continuing or terminating a pregnancy cause greater physical or psychological harms and risks to the mother. On the other hand, Bonevski & Adams (2001) further added that abortion may expose the mother to grief and regret. As such, it is important to gain mother’s consent before making the decision. Apart from that, in resolving slightly similar case study of 18 years old student was referred in view of her request for termination of pregnancy. She was gang-raped and found out she is pregnant.
As humans, we are given different rights that are meant to provide us with a chance at a good life. However, these rights can become compromised when it comes to conflicts between a pregnant woman and her fetus. The right of the fetus to live is seen as inferior to the right of the mother to have an abortion. Although each of the rights is different, it is not appropriate to say that one citizen’s rights are more superior than another citizen’s rights.
In “A Defense of Abortion,” Judith Thomson argues with a unique approach regarding the topic of abortion. For the purpose of the argument, Thomas agrees to go against her belief and constructs an argument based on the idea that the fetus is a person at conception. She then formulates her arguments concerning that the right to life is not an absolute right. There are certain situations where abortion is morally permissible. She believes that the fetus’s right to life does not outweigh the right for the woman to control what happens to her own body.
In this speech I hope to present a persuasive moral argument that abortion is akin to murder and should be avoided, even if the child is unplanned or unwanted or the women would be in danger by the consequences of abortion. (Transition: Let’s look more closely at the health risks posed by cell phones.) Body I. Abortion is a murder. It is the intentionally killing of a human being and it is also can be considered as a war on the unborn which are obviously defenseless and voiceless. A. Abortion denies the right of the eternal being to have a mortal experience and also learning experience in this world.
Mary Anne Warren is a well-known American philosopher who has influenced the argument of the controversial issue, abortion. Today, I will be supporting Warren’s belief and theory on abortion solely being the woman’s choice and will do so by refuting other theories and philosophers including; John T Noonan, Judith Thompson, and Don Marquis. John T. Noonan revolves his argument of abortion around the idea of conception. According to Noonan, abortion is morally wrong because a being comes into existence at the point of conception. Also, being conceived by human parents automatically classifies the fetus as a human as well.
Tooley argues that potentiality should not matter. Since a fetus does not have the like qualities of a person, it should be morally okay to omit or act in a manner that could prevent it from obtaining such qualities, such as abortion. This then proves that the potentiality argument is
Abortion has been a controversial issue in our society. The options are which path to take in life. The two paths we have to take or to choose from are give the child a chance to live or to be a teenage parent or having an abortion. In the young age of a pregnant women will be the hardest part of her life and when she doesn’t think that she can deal with the fact that she will having a child in young age the only way that she will take would be to get an abortion. The fetus will be decide to abort by their mother resulting in or caused by its death.