He presents the idea that monsters help people to practice unnatural scenarios that reflect moral difficulties in society. Two Gothic, fiction novels that feature monsters are Bram Stoker's Dracula and Mary Shelley's Frankenstein. Both novels relate to Asma's idea about the significance of monsters. However, the novels are greatly comparable. There are distinguished similarities and differences between the conflicting themes of religion and science in Bram Stoker's Dracula and Mary Shelley's Frankenstein.
For instance, after Frankenstein abandons the creature, the creature locates Frankenstein and decides to confront him, “He held up the curtain of the bed; and his eyes, if eyes they may be called, were fixed on me” (Shelley 46). Shelley emphasizes the inhumane appearance of the creature and the creature’s eyes’ which contrast to the clear and thoughtfulness of human eyes. The defined fear Frankenstein has towards his creation results not from his incomprehension of the gentleness of the creature’s nature but the ferocity accompanying his aura. Also, Frankenstein attempts to understand his creation and decides to consider the creature as a scholar: “…knowledge might enable me to overlook the deformity of my figure; for with this also the contrast perpetually presented to my eyes had made me acquainted” (Shelley 88). The creature himself understands people cannot see his peaceful intentions that are encapsulated in his terrifying, inalterable body.
Frankenstein’s Monster as a Tragic Hero Aristotle once said that "A man doesn 't become a hero until he can see the root of his own downfall" (Carlson). In Frankenstein, many argue that Victor Frankenstein himself is indeed the tragic hero of the novel. I believe that the creation of Victor Frankenstein (the monster) is the actual tragic hero. There are several components to being a tragic hero, two of the most important are their tragic flaw, and the component of a tragedy or a tragic ending to the story. Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein is without a doubt tragic through many characters in different ways, but in my eyes, the creature is the character that sticks out with the most characteristics of a tragic hero.
Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein follows the story of a man, Victor Frankenstein, who created a monster. Along Victor’s journey, he meets Captain Walton who cares for him, and in return Frankenstein warns him about the dangers of knowledge. Frankenstein’s quest for knowledge reveals that knowledge can be beneficial yet dangerous. The only benefit of knowledge is to no longer desire answers. Victor is warning Captain Walton against probing too deep into knowledge, for he himself was endangered by it.
The monsters only oversight was to let the words of others around him define who he was. Through the novel, Frankenstein felt sick and asked himself why would Victor create a monster so hideous that even he would turn from disgust. (Shelly,116). Even though many would say that this was the moment when Frankenstein started to developed hatred towards Victor, this is in fact when the monster started to express some sense of vulnerability. He questions his existence and why people had this electric feeling of horror towards him.
Dracula Sucks While the image of vampires has become vastly distorted through the commercialization of the horror genre to a more comical and tacky depiction of a once-feared fictional monster, Stoker’s use of gothic elements in a Victorian environment, the masked theme of xenophobia that is weaved throughout the novel, as well as the combination of multiple different types of terror frightened Victorian readers and, in some parts, frightens us still today. According to Stephen King in Danse Macabre, there are “three types of terror”: the “gross-out”, comprised of gore and and blood; “horror”, or the supernatural fears like the undead and unnaturally large insects; and “terror”, which is the fear of strange happenings that are disturbing or unsettling without a known cause. (cite) Stoker mainly uses horror to incite fear in his readers over the course of Dracula; the novel’s plot is centered around the existence of a vampire disguised as a Transylvanian nobleman. Stoker also utilizes gross-outs often to adhere to the gothic theme of the
Although it may be argued that Frankenstein is correct because his creation did in fact kill William, his approach and thought process is still illogical and prolific of a narcissist. The unfit parent’s narcissistic personality disorder clouds his judgement and leaves him unable to think
With the knowledge given, in the opinion of Victor Frankenstein, it is not at all morally correct to bring another monster into the world after bringing one in already. On the one hand, if the second monster was created, Victor’s family could be saved. By the same logic the rest of the world could be forced to bow before two hideous monsters. Victor realizes this in his creation of the monster: that what may seem to be correct could do harm, and that is what exactly happened. The choice of making or not making the second monster plays heavily on Frankenstein’s mind, and that could be a possible reason of his brief insanity.
Sticks and strangling will break bones, but words will leave irreparable emotional scars. In Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley’s epistolary novel, Frankenstein, the estranged Victor Frankenstein deprives his re-animated ‘creature’ of a name. The cruel manner Victor treats his “Adam” (Shelley 119) by withholding a name pushes the Creature further away from the belonging he so desperately seeks (148). As atrocities occur at the ashen hands of the Creature, names like “monster”(118) and “wretched devil”(118) bombard him from those he would seek refuge with . Nameless, the Creature is dehumanized and consequences of a negative perception, internally and from society, persist.
“At first I started back, unable to believe that it was indeed I who was reflected in the mirror; and when I became fully convinced that I was in reality the monster that I am, I was filled with the bitterest sensations of despondence and mortification”(Shelley 80). The Creation of Frankenstein woke up in a world of hate. Since he looked different, the Monster never fit in with normal people. He would become isolated and feared because of his looks. Because the Monster was a hideous creation from Frankenstein, he was isolated and hated by his looks and behaved in an ethical manner when he began his path of vengeance.
In part, “monsters” are products of their own environment. What makes the creature in Frankenstein a monster is that he is both a scientific creation and his physical features and his actions of murder deviate from society’s expectations. Throughout the novel Frankenstein’s creation is never given a real name. Instead, society names the creature by his physical features. In the novel he is called; a “demoniacal corpse, wretch, daemon, devil, monster, ogre, the being and creature” (36, 68, 102, 164, 165).