Marxism is the idea of social science that studies how economic activity affects and is shaped by social processes. Social processes are the way individuals and groups interact, adjust and reject and start relationships based on behavior which is modified through social interactions. Overall marxism analyzes how societies progress and how and society ceases to progress, or regress because of their local or regional economy , or global economy.In this case, Marxism’s theory applies to the novel, Brave New World, by Aldous Huxley, where a society where mass satisfaction is the instrument utilized by places of power known as the Alphas in order to control the oppressed by keeping the Epsilons numb, at the cost of their opportunity to choose their own way of life.
Brave New World, a novel written by Aldous Huxley explores an utopian future where embryos are chemically engineered to fit in a certain class and soma suppresses negative feelings providing its captor with spurts of energy. The people living in this “new world” are born into different castes such as alphas, betas, gammas, deltas, and epsilons. The alphas are the highest ranking people in the world state while the epsilons are the lowest ranking members and do all the jobs no one wants to do. This book is relevant today in the society in which we live. From relationships to technology, to economy many of the ideas and struggles in this novel have very much translated into our society today.
Aldous Huxley uses Bernard Marx, Helmholtz Watson, and John’s varying interpretations of freedom to enhance the lack of diversity in the World State society with both actions and beliefs. In Brave New World, the World State society was formed on the idea of “Community, Identity, Stability.” It was used to perpetuate ideas of freedom, and more often lack thereof. Bernard Marx struggles in Brave New World, and as a result continued perpetuating the lack of diversity in the World State. Bernard does not disapprove of the World State society, he wants to fit into it.
Eugenics: Addressing the Line Between Utopia and Dystopia Many biologists/geneticists are in favor of eugenics due to the possibility of advancing the human race, limiting disease, and decreasing the occurrence of negative mutations, while others believe eugenic practices are unethical, useless, and have more potential for harm. Eugenic practices have proven to be extremely controversial, so I will focus on discussing the potential impacts of eugenics on the human body, society, and morality. Modern eugenic practices consist of two types of gene alteration: negative genetic engineering, which is the process of removing genes to combat disease, and gene therapy, which improves one 's genetic make-up (Hix, 2009, para. 4). Both methods of eugenics are equally controversial and equally promising. Gene therapy has been used to
Following the European Age of Discovery and Exploration in the 15th century, the world began to get partitioned off under the control of the European superpowers: the Dutch, the Portuguese, the Spanish, the English, and the French. Through papal decrees and wars, the shifting colony boundaries were chiefly determined by whichever proved to be the most powerful and influential empire. By the time Aldous Huxley began to rise to fame in the 1930s, the world ideology of the advanced Western white man had been in place for centuries. In a time of growing unrest, Aldous Huxley’s novel, Brave New World, functions as a criticism of the growing secular sentiments within the Western civilizations’ beliefs of the innate superiority of the cultures, government
John Humphrey Noyes, the leader of the community, is akin to Mustafa Mond in the novel. Both Noyes and Mustafa Mond had control over their societies and isolated them from the universe. Some similar aspects of Oneida’s complex marriage are also visible in Brave New World. Everyone belonged to everyone, and monogamy was frowned upon in each society. Noyes and Huxley were both intrigued by eugenics, but Huxley took the idea one step further: instead of specifically pairing couples to produce children, as Noyes did, the author completely eradicated the concept of parenthood.
In the novel, Brave New World, the characters discuss about how in their “new world,” the authorities want to ban books. Huxley thinks there should be no reason to ban reading for those who wanted to read. For some people it’s difficult to learn how to read and know how to process it into learning how to cook, create, draw, sing, etc. Without reading how will you know how to do a task, or how to solve a problem.
John’s suicide was the final event that happened in Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World. However, John’s suicide didn’t come out of nowhere, there were events in the novel that led up to his death in chapter 18. One of the most important factors that led up to the point where he takes his own life is being an outcast of the two societies he had lived in. John was too different from the peoples of both the Savage Reservation and the World State, he is incompatible with both worlds. John’s life began with him being an outcast of society and it ended with him still being an outcast of society.
As technology improves, so do human capabilities of altering nature, which in turn creates increased responsibility. This directly relates to genetic engineering, which is beginning to morph into a reality. There are advocates for both sides that convey their personal opinions about the hypothetical results, but neither is clearly superior since both arguments speculate upon an unknown future. Hungarian psychologist, Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi, outlines this topic in his essay “The Future of Happiness,” which focuses on the history of selective breeding and compares the goal of happiness with genetic engineering. Csikszentmihalyi alternates between viewpoints regarding genetic engineering but presents a perspective dominated by warning.
The Pros and Cons of Genetic Engineering also show that genetic engineering can lead to overpopulation and wars. First of all, in Harrison Bergeron by Kurt Vonnegut Jr., everyone is the same and they have strict laws. In Harrison Bergeron, people are made to be the same by putting weights on strong people, making beautiful people wear ugly masks, and hindering smart people’s thoughts. In Jonas’ community, there is Sameness, which is making everything the
In Aldous Huxley’s A Brave New World, the idea of individuality is explored as the people of the Brave New World are conditioned to act and think in specific ways. When John, originally from the Savage Reservation, is brought into the civilized world, his more complex ways of thinking and outside perspective on the civilized society reveal the conformity of the people. When John is brought to the lighthouse for an experiment, the people of the Brave New World see John as entertainment and enjoy watching him whip himself. In Chapter 18 at the lighthouse, Huxley uses the animal imagery to emphasize John’s individuality and show the lack of individuality among the people living in the Brave New World.
As John mindlessly scrolls though his Facebook feed he never would suspect that what he is doing is sending his private information to Facebook, which per the terms and conditions which he didn’t read, allow Facebook to send his information to any other company for any reason they see fit. A frightening prospect is it not?
“Knowledge is power. Information is liberating.” -Kofi Annan. This quote establishes that through learning, wisdom, and education, one will find themselves in a position to succeed; a place of awareness in a society of unnoticed, let alone unanswered, questions. Throughout our lifetime, we are surrounded by rules and guidelines that are set to to create a baseline consistency in society. This creates a large population of those who follow such guidelines, or a majority. Opposing the majority, are those who seek information for themselves, wanting their own, more personal enjoyment, rather than conforming to the status quo. However, if too many people are given their personal freedom to find happiness for themselves, instability and
As the penman predicted, the mankind is now in the process of putting on the analogous paradigm to the control of mother nature (Mazzoni). Literally speaking, people are now engineering nature. They try to create and produce new forms of life by making interventions on the microcosmic level. With genetic modification, people climb to a new, highest level of genetics. The cloning industry as well as genetic engineering are advancing so fast that it would only take a short time until people would feel the power and would misuse them on their own account (Schumacher).
Only thing the society should really love is Bigh Brother, but Winston rebels against that as well. He and Julia have a sexual relationship that turns into love, which are two rules that they both break in the novel. In Brave New World, John the Savage has self-discipline and control, unlike the people in the society around him. John was brought up in the Savage Reservation so he stands out and is an outsider. The World State, like the Party or Big Brother, promotes happiness, uniformity, and stability.