Government And John Locke: The State Of Government

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“The only task of the government is the protection of private property because private property is a guarantee of individual freedom.” John Locke was an English Philosopher who lived through the early 1600s and was an essential individual that created the idea concerning “Life, Liberty, and Estate.” The ideas of the Founders’ about government were greatly influenced by Locke’s writings, particularly our Declaration of Independence. 1ST PARAGRAPH - What did Locke think would happen without government? A State of Nature is a society without government or laws. Locke believed when men became overpopulated enough to the point where land becomes scarce, then men needed law beyond the natural law. The natural law, although valid, was not always kept.The transgressor, who defies the natural law, can be punished by all men. Civil society starts when, for the betterment of the people, a few selected individuals are delegated the function to punish. Government is limited to, the power the people give them, and it involves reciprocal obligations. Moreover, the government can be rescinded and modified by the authority, which conferred them: the people. Locke thought that without government the people could accomplish little and be under constant threat and duress. According to John Locke “The state of nature was inherently unstable. Individuals would be under threat of physical harm. And they would be unable to pursue any goals that required stability and widespread cooperation with
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