The Roman and Greek civilizations have many elements in common , both of them have flourished in the field of architecture , art philosophy and science , because both of them occurred very close to each other so they were influenced by each other , to be more specific the Greeks have been influenced by other cultures , and have influenced the Romans , so they have many similarities and differences in these fields . Both Greek and romans flourished in Architecture and art , starting by architecture , the columns in both civilizations were one of three styles or what we call orders , Doric , ionic , and Corinthean . With decorated roofs over these columns , pediments . The basic structure of the temples has been adapted from the Greeks with …show more content…
But when the Romans built the Pantheon , they used the Corinthean order for it's columns . The Greeks used the post and lintel , or the trabeated system many times , but the Romans relied on the arches , and made them more perfect than the Greeks did . Also the material used in the construction of their buildings were different depending on the available and more reliable material . So the Greeks tended to use the well carved marble , granite and limestones in building , but for the Romans these material wasn't commonly used , or wasn't used to build th structure itself but could be used for decoration , they rather used the concrete and mud bricks and that helped them in the construction of arches . According to the geographic difference between them , the way they constructed their cities varied . The Greeks lived in mountains and hills which made them live in peaceful cities , cities built without walls . But the flat land nature in Italy made the conquers easier to occur and raised many wars between their cities until they unified under one empire , so their cities built with walls to defend it's nations
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Rome not only seized the lands of those countries they conquered, but adopted many of the cultural leanings of those countries. This was particularly so with Greece. Greece was rich in architecture, philosophy, literature, art and religion. (Morey, 1901) Greek column design was adopted by Rome and used in their architecture, including the pantheon. Because there was an abundance of Greek art, the Roman’s used it to decorate their buildings and probably the homes of the aristocracy.
Europe has many known places around the world. One place that may come to mind when thinking of Europe is Spain. Spain is where the Romans decided to build a civilization and as time passed, the city was reduced to the ruins that currently reside in the area today. Along with the ruins, there are many more things that Spain includes as a reason to visit it in person. Places that Spain include like the Roman ruins are a great way to learn, can demonstrate history and can show culture.
Most of the cultural foundations of the Western civilization is based upon ancient Greek and Roman culture and these had a powerful and influence on the spread of culture in the progressive periods of Western World. There was a naturalism and perfection in their art. The similarity of the Architecture was visualized between continents by travelling East, across atlantic ocean and by travelling to Rome and Italy and other parts of the world. The Greek sculpture emphasized the ideal human form and Roman sculture presented more realistic representations of people and the Romans were considered to be more practical minded. The influence has been shown to be immense on language, legal, politics, educational systems, Engineering and Technology as
Both civilizations had specific military strategies, weapons, and tactics that they used to protect themselves from enemies. While both militaries had some similarities, there were also some differences. The Ancient Greeks had a big military to protect them from outside enemies. They used a variety of weapons to protect themselves.
Roman Dwellings From the humble farm hut to the majestic coastal villas of the privileged class, the term dwelling can include a wide range of examples within the Roman Empire. An empire which stretched from Spain to Syria, and from Britain to Egypt, the variations of homes within this context must have been numerous. I will discuss some of the more common: homes of the poor, both rural and urban, the domus common among the upper and middle classes, and the extravagant villas of the wealthy. In the countryside the poor lived in small villages or on farms in homes built of stone, wood or mud.
The Ancient Greek thinkers made new stereotypes in art, mathematics, philosophy, literature, logic and so on. Romans did more engineering and were good logistic organization. To connected their empire to Rome, the Romans built roads. The Greeks built roads to connect two specific cities. Also, the Greeks were city-states and were not been one central government, except Alexander the Great empire.
A golden age is a period of time when an empire thrives. It thrives socially, economically, and politically. Both Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome experienced a golden age. Ancient Rome’s Golden Age was called the Pax Romana. Pax Romana means “roman peace”.
In this piece of work, it is essential to compare the two buildings while systematically considering their similarities and differences that have memorialized their existence until now. Similarities between Parthenon and Pantheon The Parthenon building in Athens was built and dedicated to the goddess Athena while the Pantheon was also built and similarly dedicated to all the gods of the Romans; hence they are referred to as temples. Furthermore, both buildings were used for public events when such need arises. The Parthenon and Pantheon are both ancient buildings and have strong big columns holding the building as well as serving as decorative pillars.
Romans believed in equal voting, and equal access to the government for all, which is also shown in our Democratic Government. Another way Greeks and Romans still influence out modern civilization is through art. Greek art strongly influenced Rome’s art. Greek art continues to play a key role in Literature and Art classes in our modern civilization. Greeks has highly developed literacy, which included drama, poetry, and music.
Greeks certainly had a preference for marble. Initially, though, wood would have been used for not only such basic architectural elements as columns but the entire buildings themselves. Early 8th century BCE temples were so constructed and had thatch roofs. From the late 7th century BCE, temples, in particular, slowly began to be converted into more durable stone edifices; some even had a mix of the two materials.
Greece and Rome Comparison Greece and Rome’s influenced the modern world in many similar ways; however, they influenced current culture even more in different ways. They’re ideas and methods were so popular and widely used that the ideas persisted and are still used today. Their influences ranged from entertainment, to architecture, to arts and literature. Entertainment may be the first thing you think of when people hear Rome. The Colosseum is a very popular structure built to house gladiator fights, wild animal fights, chariot races, and much more, which influenced racing and the present day stadium.
Two Authors, Two Books, Two Religions Nowadays, Greek and Roman mythology are considered fiction, but once upon a time they were known as very serious religions. Despite the similarities between the two, such as their gods, origins, and beliefs, they were known as enemies. They often fought over these similarities to argue which side was better. Not only was their conflict because of the resemblance to one another, they also clashed over differences such as their heroes and the characteristics of their gods. Knowing what makes them alike or what makes them different is a good way to understand the religion and also the way of life during the Greece and Roman times.
Ancient Greek and ancient Rome are often confused with one another even though there are great differences between the two. Both countries are Mediterranean but have social class differences, different mythology, different life values and different architectural concepts. It is said that much of what Rome used in everyday life was taken from the ancient Greek civilization as the ancient Greek civilization started 5th century BC. And it was not till hundreds of years later that the roman civilization started. Cities in Ancient Greece were differentiated by hills.
Romans are known for their fantastic work in architecture. They were the first people to develop the arch and the vault. Their interest in material comfort led to the development of sophisticated domestic architecture. This new way of architecture was derived from the influence of Etruscan and Greek, but it had its own unique characteristics. For example, in an upper-class Roman house there was running water and sewage pipes.
Churches looked similar to temples of Roman but churches weren't designed by the solution of constructive problem. There were 2 truss systems which are king and queen post trusses. These systems still being used now. Basilican churches have been modeled after Roman basilicas. It was built to shelter worshipper unlike Roman temples which sheltered gods.