Haiti And China's Nationalist Movement Essay

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During the time period of 1750-1900, Haiti and China both had nationalist movements with several reasons behind them. Almost every nation had its nationalist movements, some lasting longer and some more violent than others. Haiti and China both had their nationalist movements, but for mainly different reasons, rooting from lack of equality, shame in defeat, and poverty.

Lack of equality and oppression were huge reasons for nationalist movements, particularly in Haiti. In Haiti, then known as Saint-Domingue, a small population of whites ruled over thousands of black slaves. Gens de couleur were mixed, and they were free, yet still ranked below the white. The white elites wanted to gain more economic and colonial freedom from France, and the gens de couleur wanted racial equality. Soon, a civil war broke out between the two races. This gave the oppressed black slaves a chance to fight for independence as well. Within weeks, 100,000 slaves had joined the fight for freedom. They were led by …show more content…

After China lost the Opium War against England, a sense of discontent swept the nation and rebellions broke out. These nationalist movements wanted the government removed in place of a new one. The largest one was the Taiping Rebellion, which encompassed almost all of China and caused 20-30 million deaths. In the end, the Chinese Qing government won, with the aid of the British and the French. The Self-Strengthening Movement was then put in place by the Qing government, to try and help with the sense of shame after losing more territory. It failed, and the Hundred Days Reform was then put into place. Unfortunately, that failed as well. Then, the Boxer Rebellion occurred. It was a last-ditch effort to return to China’s isolated old way of life, so that China wouldn’t have to deal with foreigners and defeat anymore. In the end, the rebellion was successful and the Qing government was

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