Homestead Strike Of 1894 Research Paper

712 Words3 Pages

The three major strikes that took place in the 1890’s included the Homestead lockout of 1892, the Cripple Creek Miners' Strike of 1894, and the Pullman Strike 1894. All of these were started because of labor conditions and the people affected by the bad conditions. The Homestead lockout of 1892 was caused by steel workers in Pennsylvania who were going against Andrew Carnegie. However Carnegie did not like to be directly involved so he left his business in the hands of Henry Clay Frick. On June 28th Frick locked the workers out of the mills. Frick planed to bring in strikebreakers, the workers vowed to never to let them into the homestead. On July 6th Frick tried to smuggle some pinkertons into the homestead. This backfired and caused about …show more content…

The Strike was a national railroad strike. The main conflict began when nearly 4,000 factory employees of the Pullman Company began a wildcat strikes in response to a reduction in wages. Most factory workers lived in the company town. The town was mostly owned by Pullman himself. When Pullman laid off workers and lowered wages, he did not reduce rents, and this caused workers called for a strike. Eventually the American Railroad Union (ARU) was founded in 1893 by Eugene V. Debs. Debs brought in American Railroad Union organizers to Pullman factories and got many of the frustrated factory workers to sign up. When the Pullman Company refused to recognize the American Railroad Union or any negotiations, American Railroad Union called a strike against the factory, but it showed no sign of success. To win the strike, Debs decided to stop the movement of Pullman cars on railroads. The Pullman conductors and porters did not go on strike. Yet Debs and the American Railroad Union called a boycott against all trains that carried a Pullman car. The American Federation of Labor (AFL), the Railroad Brotherhoods , and the General Managers Association of the railroads coordinated an opposition. Thirty people were killed in response to riots and sabotage between the boycotts and opposition. The federal government got an injunction against Debs,

Open Document