Geography has continually influenced the way people live and the early colonies were no different. When originally coming to North America, the Atlantic Ocean served as a disadvantage and decelerated the growth of the colonies. Although the Atlantic connected Colonial America to the Old World, it also served as a barrier between the two. With the ocean nearby, colonists had access to goods such as tea, steel, and manufactured products; as a result, this usually kept colonists close to
In the Middle colonies, they had hot, longer summers and cold winters. There were good coastal harbors for shipping and land was ideal for agriculture. “These colonies were known as the “breadbasket” because of the large amounts of barley, wheat, and oats that were grown there” (“13 Colonies Regions”). Climate was balanced in the middle region of the colonial times. The Southern Colonies climate was usually warm and moist which was good for agriculture.
Small pox, measles, and malaria and just a few of the old world diseases that devastated native populations. In fact, “Native Americans died in appalling numbers, in many cases up to 90 percent of the population.” The diseases were at its worst in the Aztec and Inca Empires since the people lived close together. However, in the old world, disease related deaths were not nearly as prevalent as in the Americas. The reason for this difference is that the Native Americans had no domesticated animals (except llamas), which resulted in no acquired immunities to old world diseases.
Sugar was in high demand during the 1500s and 1600s, and the fertile coasts of the Carribean and Brazil made for a perfect environment. Sugar cane was just the tip of the iceberg: Europeans soon discovered crops native to the Americas that heavily impacted world economy, a prime example being the potato. Because the potato is a tuber, and therefor grows under-ground, it could be cultivated in the inhospitable lands of northern Europe and Asia. It quickly became the food of soldiers, industrial workers,
Demographically, the Columbian Exchange allowed for a major population increase in Europe, but killed many natives of The Americas. As a result of crops such as potatoes and corn being introduced to Europe due to the Columbian Exchange, European population increased because the food supply increased. In contrast, Native American population decreased drastically due to the unintentional introduction and spread of diseases such as smallpox. Environmentally, the Columbian Exchange allowed European farmers to grow new crops, but led to major deforestation in The Americas. As a result of new crops such as corn and potatoes being introduced to Europe, farmers are able to grow more food of greater diversity.
There are a few life-changing events that change the course of history. One of these such events was the Columbian Exchange which was the transfer of plants, animals, and people between the Americas and the Old World. This began when Columbus landed in America. This one event had many lasting effects, including the spread of diseases to the new world, enslavement of Africans for labor, and economic opportunity with the massive increase in silver. Columbus accidently started the Columbian exchange by discovering America while looking for economic opportunity.
Christopher Columbus sailed the ocean blue in fourteen hundred ninety-two. When one hears the name Christopher Columbus, they tend to think about his discovery of America. What they don’t consider is how his discovery changed and affected America. First of all, Columbus’ discovery provided the start of a long term colonization, which created what we know today as America. People, who immigrated from another country, traveled all over the world to make it to America in hopes of getting land in “The New World”.
Since the Americas had been isolated from the rest of the world before 1492, they did not know how to react to the arrival of the Europeans and were frightened by how different they were. Although the Africans on the coast had never had direct contact with Europeans before, they had traded with the same people and probably knew of their existence. Because of the amount of deaths and other hardships the Europeans brought upon the Native Americans, they felt the worst of the Europeans need to expand their land and
At first, they wanted to be able to live in peace with the Native Americans because they needed their help to get food. They settlers were also outnumbered by the Native Americans, so fighting them would be pointless, for their fate would not be bright. Even though the settlers knew this, problems began to rise right away. The main conflict between the Native Americans and the European settlers was the idea they had in mind about the land. Because of these different thought processes, conflict between Native Americans and European settlers went on for hundreds of years.
Farmers could not afford the high taxes because of the limited land space to grow enough food because a portion of the land was reserved for growing indigo. They therefore paid all the money they could raise in taxes and in the process went hungry. This resulted in anger and resentment towards the landlords. Many tenants alleged that Landlords had used strong-arm tactics to exact illegal ceases and to extort them in other
Settlers didn’t know any better so they chose Jamestown. Settlers faced many struggles, i.e. lack of food, water, and skill. Why did so many colonists die? The three main reasons colonists died was environmental issues, lack of settler skills, and relations with the Powhatans.
Among the plant brought from the Old World the sugarcane was the most popular. There were plenty of new plants discovered in the Americas, but the two most important were the potato and maize. Maize was possibly the most important of all the New World crops involved in the Columbian Exchange.Maize originated in America, but because of its flexible nature, it was able to be transported to Europe and successfully grow in different regions. It offered an alternate choice to wheat, because it grew quickly in places wheat could not.The potato is an amazing example of a
another way the Bowl affected the people’s health was that when the dust came it covered everything from the food they to the clothing they wear. Which made matters worse,no one knew how long the drought would last.(Yancey)(pg.24). Due to these reasons not very many people made it through the Dust
DBQ #1 During the 17th century, many colonies were founded on the North American continent. The most significant colonies were created by Englishmen who left Europe for several reasons. Even though most colonies were founded by fellow Englishmen, there were two regions that evolved into two distinct societies. There were many factors to why these two regions evolved so differently, but the biggest factor were the motives of each colonist. The motives of each Englishmen caused certain people to emigrate to different areas of the New World.
During the Civil War from 1861 to 1865 food was scarce in the South. In the time of war rations had to be transported long distances, so the Commissary Departments relied on foods that could be preserved easily. Wheat flour was not one of these easily preserved food and therefore was quite scarce in the South. Due to the lack of wheat flour many soldiers baked bread from any available ingredients. One of these ingredients was white cornmeal, which the soldiers used to make shortbread.