What Led Europe to Succeed over Natives Upon the uncovering of the of the America’s by the European super powers, most of the native American tribes were quickly captured. The question arises as to why the Europeans conquered the Americans and not the other way around. Europe was able to prosper and grow while the indigenous groups of the Americas stayed in the past. European success over American tribes was attributed to the fact that the Europeans possessed more advanced technologies and skills that could be used against natives, Europeans were literate and could record knowledge and events easily, and the European diseases brought over were devastating to the unprepared indian populations. When conquering the Americas, Europeans had majorly …show more content…
Diseases only found in the European world, such as smallpox, spread to the Americas due to people migrating with these diseases. Since natives did not have diseases like these, they were easily killed off by them. These diseases ended up killing 90 percent of the population native to America. The large number of deaths allowed the conquistadors to greatly outnumber indigenous people and easily capture the now weak tribes. Some may point out that the American diseases must have also affected the Europeans. However, due to the fact that many Europeans and their ancestors had worked with animals and in dirty places, many had already built up strong immunities to new diseases. This resulted in insignificant deaths of Europeans. Therefore, one of the major reasons for the victory of the Europeans over Americans was the biological weapon of diseases. Native Americans were easily conquered by Europeans because of the advantage in development Europe had. The advanced technologies developed in Europe were no match to the old and weak tools of the Americans. The written language that the natives had never truly developed kept these people in the past. And finally the dangerous and deadly diseases brought by explorers and settlers proved to be a huge weapon in winning over America. Europe became the powerful ruler of the world because of the ideas and advantages, “accidental gifts”, that they had received
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and “why did wealth and power become distributed as they now are, rather than in some other way?” Diamond continues to try and explain the answer to Yali ’s question while asking similar questions, such as: “Why is it that europeans, despite their likely genetic disadvantage and their undoubted developmental disadvantage, ended up with much more of the cargo?” The Europeans colonized the New world rather than Native Americans colonizing Europe simply due to the European stage of development. The Europeans had military technology (guns and steel),political organization, their superior armament, knowledge of human behavior
here is no doubt about the great impact that European colonies had upon the North American Continent. The initial interactions between Europeans and Indians defined history and set the atmosphere between the two groups for years to come. However, the ways in which different European Powers interacted with the native peoples of the lands they were colonizing were very different. Aside from a few key similarities, the interactions between France and the natives versus the interactions between Spain and the natives differ in the ways they treated the natives, their dependency on the natives, and their motives for colonizing. There is no doubt that the Spanish were much more ruthless in their methods of colonization than the French.
Another disease that the Europeans brought over was smallpox(). Smallpox lasted 60 days and many people died(Doc. 2). Many people died because everybody had it so there was nobody to care for them(Doc. 2). That is another reason why the population plummeted.
The discovery of the New World had led Europeans to come and explore this new place with many vast opportunities. In order to conquer the Americas, Europeans had to drive out the Native Americans who already controlled the lands. How did the Europeans manage to become dominant by the 1500s? How the Europeans came to become so dominate in the Americas stemmed from the many advantages they had in plant/animal domestication and where they were located, diseases that decreased the populations, political organizations that every society needs to be successful, and their technology and inventions. Food is one of the many factors that determine a population.
Europeans brought deadly diseases with them that caught on to the Aztec and the Inca empires, and all the native people in North and South America died. The Europeans got rid of all the Aztec and Incas Empires. “It was this zealous hunt for gold that drove the Spanish conquistadors throughout Latin America, where they would vanquish the Aztec and Incan Empires, just as they had done to the people in the Caribbean. Spanish conquistadors throughout Latin America, where they would vanquish the Aztec and Incan Empires, just as they had done to the people in the Caribbean.” The European Imperialists did similar things to the Aztec and Inca Empires as they did to the
In the Pre-Columbian Mesoamerican time period in history, there were many groups of Native Americans that had diverse cultures and societies. The technological and intellectual advancements in these societies, depended on where they were located in Mesoamerica. The Native Americans discovered many things that could help them live an advanced and satisfying life. Each tribe had different necessities and objects that they needed in order to survive. The Native American cultures in these areas had various developments that the different European cultures could use to make themselves more powerful and become strong enough to annihilate many of the Native American cultures.
Columbus became an example that was followed by many European explorers and conquerors who were in search for “gold, God, and glory” (Christopher Columbus the Italian Explorer and Dyson 7). The long term effects included the mixing of cultures of people, diseases, food, animals, and new technological advancements. Catastrophically, it is estimated that ninety percent of all Native Americans died as result of contact with Europeans in general (Wadsworth Cengage Learning 43). Though it caused the death of millions of Native Americans, the Spanish ended up advancing the Indians’ tools from the stone age with strong tools made from steel and other metals unknown to the Indians. The African leaders became richer from selling their people, but they were drastically weakened as a whole being put into slavery to work crops in an unknown area for foreigners.
Native Americans had once dominated the land now called America, but eventually, their lives would be destroyed by European Colonization. In arrival/ settlement of Europeans, a drastic change for Native Americans occurred forcing them to submit to White settlers, choosing between assimilation into a White culture or preserving their heritage and ancestry. A number of negative results would occur including disease, loss of land, and loss right of self-governing, with no remorse to Native American culture. At this point in time five Indian tribes are recognized as civilized, those being; Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Muscogee-Cree, and Seminole Indians, because of their acceptance to the acculturation that George Washington had proposed.
In the early 1600's when the first Americans arrived, known as Europeans, they brought with them an abundance of supplies and experience, these include horses, crops, cattle, tools, and technology like the compass. These are the positive aspects that Europeans had on American culture. On the other hand, the main negative effect that Europeans brought along with them to America were their diseases. Most of the first Americans died within the first year of European settlement.
As the Europeans found native along the coasts of the New World, they found them easily malleable and able to be used, so they enslaved them and those who fought back were wiped out. Europeans, as well as the Africans, had built up a resistance to many diseases such as smallpox and were therefore not really affected as much by the diseases if they became sick. However, the Native Americans had not had contact with the disease and it quickly spread rapidly and slowly helped the Spanish rid themselves of the natives so they could take control of the land. Geoffrey Cowley offers insight on just how profound the effect of smallpox was when he writes, “ ...When the newcomers arrived carrying mumps, measles, whooping cough, smallpox, cholera, gonorrhea and yellow fever, the Indians were immunologically
G01059498 History 201 AC Guns, Germs, and Steel (CONQUEST) Assignment How did the Spanish view the Inca Indians? The Spanish viewed the Inca as a fearful army since they had over 80000 men, when Spanish themselves only had 186 soldiers. Although Spanish soldiers feared the number of men they also believed that the surprise attack will work significantly to conquer the Inca Indians. 2.
In contrast, the Spanish were able to conquer the Aztecs and Incas much quicker. Some of this was due to help they received from other groups of Natives and the situations that were present in these societies when the Spanish arrived. Most of this was due to the debilitating effects European diseases had on Native Americans. Another difference between the two groups’ interactions is the different ways the Africans and Native Americans reacted to the Europeans’ presence. Since the Americas had been isolated from the rest of the world before 1492, they did not know how to react to the arrival of the Europeans and were frightened by how different they were.
The Europeans were able to conquer the Americas because even though it was by “accident,” they were still more prepared for what was to come. Jared Diamond calls the European “accidental conquerors.” Diamond calls his theory geographical luck and concludes that the only way the Europeans were able to dominate the Americas was because of the way the ocean patterns happened to flow. The geographical wind patterns caused the ships to sail towards the Incas and the Aztecs and when the Europeans arrived they tried to conquer the Aztecs and Incas, they succeed for a number of reasons. One reason that they were able to conquer the Americas was because of their technological advances.
While the colonization of the America’s was negative for many reasons such as the spread of illnesses, and the forcing of religion upon natives, it was also beneficial to the Native’s because it allowed them to have better weapons and to have different foods and goods in their lives. The Europeans exposed the Natives to many new diseases once they colonized the new areas they discovered. The Europeans greatly impacted the family life and religion of the inhabitants of the areas they found. There was also a lot of exchange going on during the conquest of the Americas because the Natives were excited by the new gadgets they had never seen before that the Europeans brought over.