However, the positive contributions of colonialism, the introduction of modern technology, democracy, and Christianity, greatly outweigh its cons. Before the arrival of Spanish and Portuguese explores in Latin America in the late 1400’s, the New World was already a dangerous place. In Mexico, the Aztecs practiced human sacrifices. Amazonian tribes bitterly battled for land and resources. People died from easily curable diseases.
The Europeans adversely affected the American Indian population by spreading infectious and deadly diseases. Although the introduction of disease to the American Indians was an accident, it played a major role in how the Europeans and natives interacted. European efforts to civilize the American Indians resulted in the death of many American Indians as well as their culture. European-manufactured goods also impacted the traditions of the American Indians. A short while after trading commenced, Indians began using theses new goods progressively in their day-to-day lives.
This worked out to a killing rate of fourteen victims a minute over the ninety-six-hour bloodbath”. That is absolutely insane. Christopher Columbus may have killed people for shady reasons, he didn’t rip out the beating heart of innocent people, which may be one of the most painful ways to die. Even outside of sacrifices, apparently “crime and street carnage were commonplace” in the Aztec empire. Some Native Americans weren’t as peaceful as many make them out to be.
In contrast, the Spanish were able to conquer the Aztecs and Incas much quicker. Some of this was due to help they received from other groups of Natives and the situations that were present in these societies when the Spanish arrived. Most of this was due to the debilitating effects European diseases had on Native Americans. Another difference between the two groups’ interactions is the different ways the Africans and Native Americans reacted to the Europeans’ presence. Since the Americas had been isolated from the rest of the world before 1492, they did not know how to react to the arrival of the Europeans and were frightened by how different they were.
Several factors prompted this decline such as: several economic problems, the rise of other trade routes, the European hunger for expansion, and weakness in the Ottoman government Furthermore, the Ottoman Empire was both politically and militarily strong, yet, it was too traditional and could not keep up with worldwide changes and modernity through time. Europe and the West were rapidly moving forward innovatively while the Ottomans stayed in their place for too long. All these problems led to the empire being less centralized in Europe. Simply, the Great Powers of Europe took advantage of this situation and allied to completely end the rule of Ottomans. To further affect the empire, European powers chose an Ottoman strength and turned it into a weak point.
Understanding why the explorers had an advantage over the explored is crucial to understanding why todays developed countries are the way they are and have an economical advantage over some countries. So are you ready to learn the secret to the Europeans success? The first advantage that I am going to mention is horses. These allowed the Spanish to be more mobile and be able to kill people more easily. This could be seen when the Spanish used their horses to send their spears down at the Incas more easily.
Colonial Imperialism from the Europeans have caused millions and millions of deaths throughout the world till date. These innocent people were killed in battles while defending their homelands, in death camps and many other horrible ways. Throughout the 19th century European scientists, philosophers and writers developed many theories and ideas to prove the superiority of the white man to justify this mass murder of millions in the age of empire. In the early 1900’s a group led by Samuel George Morton in the American School of Race Sciences started collecting the skulls of different races. According to those scientists back then, as the skull contained the most important organ in the body the brain, so the bigger the skull the smarter the person/race.
Originally it had benefitted Europeans to marry a local noble women, but when the mestizos, people of mixed Indian and European blood, became so common they threatened to overpower the Spaniards, the crown developed a new social system called the sociedad de castas. The hierarchy was now based on heritage along with wealth and political power. Those with more Spanish blood were higher in social status, those without faced discrimination.Through the generations, however, the various combination of European, African, and Native American became so complex it was almost impossible to categorize everyone and this system collapsed. The contrast between Europe and American ethnicities helped to build a new sense of identity. The castas were unlike any others in the world.
During the colonial era, white Europeans colonized new territory and new peoples. This transformative period has had a prolonged and detrimental effect throughout the world, which is known as postcolonialism. The Europeans developed a sense of superiority and felt that their religion and culture was dominant because they possessed more advanced technology. This provided continued motivation for their conquest and expansion because they felt they had a “white man’s burden”, meaning they have a responsibility to save or civilize a group of savage natives. West Africa was subjugated by European powers and, in the process, their society and culture was destroyed.
Jared Diamond thoroughly answers this question throughout the book and come to the conclusion that different societies on different continents grew and developed differently from other due to their respective continental environments. While reading Guns, Germs, and Steel I was most surprised to learn about the reasons why Europe was able to conquer many groups and not vice versa. For example, Europe was constantly fragmented resulting in competition, which led to more innovation. Furthermore, Europeans domesticated many more plants and animals which helped in creating a food surplus. As I was reading Guns, Germs, and Steel I was most disappointed to learn about the Musket Wars and how one tribe held such a large advantage.
I thought it was interesting how far the diseases had spread and how greatly it impacted the native Americans as a society. It was interesting how the diseases spread farther then the Europeans had even gone, through being spread from native to native. Personally, the illustrations used in the video to demonstrate the spread of the diseases was quite informative and entertaining, and helped clearly show how they spread. I also thought it was fascinating that when they landed at Plymouth, they used the ghost towns left by civilizations who had died out from the diseases; and that many civilizations that shared the same fate were lost to
All of them went to America with hope, however, Europeans’ migration interfered with Indians seriously. And also the lives of Europeans were affected. For Indians and Europeans, the hurt they got fur more than the benefits they got in America. Therefore, America should be view as a nightmare for both Europeans and Indians because diseases and frequent wars made them suffering in America. Although the Columbian exchange made both Indians and Europeans got some benefits, exchange of diseases
With the first wave of Spanish colonization of the New World, many indigenous peoples were killed and their lands were seized and their way of life was destroyed (Tindall 26-27). When the Spanish showed up, they greatly overpowered indigenous peoples. They had iron, seafaring vessels, firearms, explosives, and swords, with indigenous peoples had copper, dugout canoes, arrows, and tomahawks (Tindall 27). This is immoral because the indigenous peoples would have no chance against the Spanish, and killing the indigenous people was senseless since they couldn’t fight back well anyway. When indigenous people were threatened by people in a village Columbus left behind, they attacked, killing ten people, only to lead to a retaliation that decimated their numbers (Tindall 21).
Gunpowder is one of the greatest breakthroughs, but whether it has helped or hurt the human race more is debatable. Guns allowed us to make hunting easier when it was essential to hunt to survive. On the other hand, gunpowder has also allowed the creation of huge weapons of mass destruction and has caused billions of deaths worldwide. On the other hand, men waged war before the invention of guns. So it can be said that guns were not the cause of all those deaths, they just made it easier to create destruction and death on a massive scale.