This era includes only 300 years, but some profound and long-lasting changes occurred. The western hemisphere came into continued contact with the eastern hemisphere. Technological innovations, strengthened political organization, and economic prosperity all contributed to this change that completely altered world trade patterns. Technological advancements and willingness of political leaders to invest in it meant that sea-based trade became much more important. Relative power and prosperity of Europe increased dramatically during this time in comparison to empires in the longer-established civilization areas but, Europe did not entirely eclipse powerful empires in Southwest Asia, Africa, and East Asia.
The Europeans had brought various diseases with them across the sea like smallpox, influenza, typhus, measles, malaria and more. The natives never having past exposure to such diseases, died in the masses due to their bodies not having any defense against them. Cows, pigs and other livestock were able to transfer diseases to the Europeans. Although since Europeans have been domesticating such animals for thousands of years, they simply grew immune to theses diseases and infectious epidemics on grand scales likelihood grew smaller and smaller from it. But for the Natives, they never had livestock nor large mammals like horses of pigs ever.
In the early 1600s, Europeans began their adventures by sailing miles across oceans to different continents. By the middle of the seventeenth century, the Europeans had come to North America, now known as United States of America (Norton et.al., 60). The arrival of the Europeans in North America had an impact both on their lives and the indigenous people 's lives. When they came, they also brought their cultures, diseases, and ideologies. More importantly, they had a "western foreign policy", which already existed in their own countries.
Diseases only found in the European world, such as smallpox, spread to the Americas due to people migrating with these diseases. Since natives did not have diseases like these, they were easily killed off by them. These diseases ended up killing 90 percent of the population native to America. The large number of deaths allowed the conquistadors to greatly outnumber indigenous people and easily capture the now weak tribes. Some may point out that the American diseases must have also affected the Europeans.
These people had lived in North America for millions of years, but when the Europeans began to explore this newfound land, the Native Americans were treated as inferior humans who had absolutely no value. They were ripped from their homes, killed, or forced to move elsewhere no matter how it would poorly affect their lives. Though this did not negatively impact Britain, it was a huge negative impact of their imperialism as a whole. Millions of Native Americans were killed in the process of establishing an imperial relationship between America and Europe. In one instance, the British settlers purposefully infected an entire large native tribe with small-pox so that they could conquer the land of the natives (Burch).
The Native Americans were not civilized as the Europeans and they lacked a lot of tools to mass produce buildings, houses, boats, and farm the lands. Diseases brought from the settlers such as smallpox killed many Native Americans. Native Americans did not have the antibodies to combat the diseases brought over by the European explorers. Other diseases were measles,
The native people of Australia suffered disruption to their rich culture as British invaders culled a large number of the 250 indigenous dialects forcing the children to learn English rather than their native languages. Only thirteen of these dialects can still be translated throughout Australia today. As well as harmful effects on the people of Australia at the time, the disrespect and mistreatment of the first Australians is sadly still evident today in Australian society. In fact, "just over half (52.2 per cent) of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people aged between 15 and 64 years were not employed in 2012-2013, compared with 24.4 per cent of non-Indigenous Australians." This is an undoubted representation of the negative effects of Imperialism on the indigenous people of Australia in modern society.
Diseases had a really big impact on the population of the New World but along with that it affected the lives of every individual since there wasn’t enough knowledge of medicine and disease many people died without even knowing that they would die. The natives had never really experienced such a tragedy so they had no natural immunity to any of the diseases. Diseases spread rapidly because of this. Since a huge amount of the population was wiped out, the Europeans had less natives to use for labor and as a result of that there was a big shortage of labor. The second biggest negative impact was that of the slave trade beginning.
The concept of the “Atlantic Paradox” involves viewing the Atlantic Ocean as both a moat and a bridge between the continents. While physically separating America from Europe and Africa, the Atlantic Ocean has also served as a means to get from one place to another, bringing fortunes for some and terror for others. The Atlantic Paradox affected the peoples of Europe, Africa, and America first through being a barrier of safety, yet also helping to ignite the slave trade, introduce different cultures, and make Europeans wealthy while decimating native populations. During the 15th century, Europeans were able to gain the knowledge enabling them to sail the Atlantic Ocean, first around Africa and eventually, all the way to America. The Atlantic
Diseases such as diphtheria, the bubonic plague, influenza, typhus, and scarlet fever were scattered throughout the New World as the Europeans settled inland. The Native Americans who had little to no resistance against these diseases succumbed. It is estimated around 90% of Native Americans population perished due to the diseases listed above. However the explorers weren’t the sole transmitters these diseases. Critters and livestock like mosquitoes, black rats and chickens that migrated along with the Europeans also carried the bacteria.