In the Pre-Columbian Mesoamerican time period in history, there were many groups of Native Americans that had diverse cultures and societies. The technological and intellectual advancements in these societies, depended on where they were located in Mesoamerica. The Native Americans discovered many things that could help them live an advanced and satisfying life. Each tribe had different necessities and objects that they needed in order to survive. The Native American cultures in these areas had various developments that the different European cultures could use to make themselves more powerful and become strong enough to annihilate many of the Native American cultures.
4) The spread of diseases like small pox via the interaction between Europeans and Amerindians was essential in European conquest of the western hemisphere because it led to changed social, economic, and political relations in Europe and also created diversity and new cultures.
Over the course of the time period 1492 to 1750, Europeans exerted increasing economic dominance over the Americas and Africa which caused and even led to many social changes within the Atlantic world. It opened up new and old worlds to a world of growing interdependence as well as connectivity.
Europeans brought deadly diseases with them that caught on to the Aztec and the Inca empires, and all the native people in North and South America died. The Europeans got rid of all the Aztec and Incas Empires. “It was this zealous hunt for gold that drove the Spanish conquistadors throughout Latin America, where they would vanquish the Aztec and Incan Empires, just as they had done to the people in the Caribbean. Spanish conquistadors throughout Latin America, where they would vanquish the Aztec and Incan Empires, just as they had done to the people in the Caribbean.” The European Imperialists did similar things to the Aztec and Inca Empires as they did to the
“Then there was great destruction of American Indians by war, disease, and killing work, and the importation of [African Slaves] into Spanish America was begun in order to fill the void in the labor market,” (Columbus, Document 5). This quote explains that Native Americans were dying from diseases, wars, and killing work that Europeans had to start buying slaves from Africa just to do the work of the dead Native Americans. Moreover, Native Americans did get sick, but the diseases weren’t as bad as the ones in Europe. A drastic population decrease happened from diseases which resulted in a small amount of Native Americans left. For one reason, it was common for rodents to get on ships and getting to the new land, and rodents can carry diseases. Another reason is that Native Americans weren’t immune to these diseases and when the diseases came to the New World, their immune system and body's weren’t ready for it. Furthermore, Columbus wrote that wars had also started between them, these wars happened from land and other reasons. After Native Americans started to die, Europeans brought African slaves to replace the Native
All societies, states and companies tried to build domination on their weaker neighbors or opponents. The main motivations for building imperialist institutions were generally same. Conquering societies which were danger for them, getting natural resources, being imperially powerful and getting economical power to their hands were the main motivations for societies to establish these institutions. The domination of a country’s or region’s political, cultural, or economic life by one country is called imperialism. (Esler, 2010) Despite the factors that I mentioned above, the main factor for certain countries was gaining economical power. If we look through to the world
In the late 1800’s and early 1900’s America started expanding abroad to try and enlarge our borders. However this expansion ended up creating more problems for the US. In the end America lost more than they gained all due to American imperialism.
Colonialism and Imperialism affected our world both positively and negatively. On one hand, Imperialism has often been linked with racial segregation, manipulation, and hardship. On the other, it has been said that many colonial powers contributed much in terms of schools, roads, railways, and much more. Whether this time period was constructive or harmful, it has played a large part in shaping our lives today.
Colonization was rebirth if you will in the later 19th century through the wake of industrialization which gave Europeans a new desire to conquer and established the need to go and claim natural resources to be used in the factories. Many of the larger nations joined in this rebirth with the most notable actions being the Scramble For Africa which showcased the most rapid expansion of European influence ever seen before. "The effects were profound. In 1875, 11 percent of the continent was in European hands. By 1902, the figure was 90 percent."(Cole, 534) Europeans also had significant influence in Asia in which they conquered large pieces of land in India and Indochina in order to establish a strong trade connection. European powers in these regions constantly tough each other for supremacy while completely disregarding the people who live there which lead to many different catastrophes.
Before beer was revealed, Humans were known as nomads. Beer prejudiced the evolution of a hunting and gathering lifestyle to an agricultural based one; as they previously considered for new species to hunt, migrating to different territories. However, when beer was discovered it became moderately prevalent and a necessity to some degree. It was used in religious formalities as it was thought to be a gift from the Gods. It was used for social collaborations as well. In order to keep up with its high request, hunter-gatherers had to deliberately farm. One of the key reasons for its popularity was its ability to be stored which was Unlike anything they’ve ever seen before as the ability of previous food sources were not up to that level of technologies for the storage of the grain. The quality of stability encouraged the society to stay in one place and settle down rather than to continue a hunter and gatherer lifestyle; and as more people reunited in one territory and practiced agriculture and made beer, the first civilizations emerged.
The Columbian Exchange occurred when Columbus arrived in the new world and disease, culture, crops, and animals were traded. This swap caused the great biological exchange. When the Spanish and later English came over to the new world along with crops and animals they also brought disease. Europeans, living among many diseases, had built immunity to the ailment, but since the natives had never been exposed to the illnesses they had no immunity and the disease quickly spread. The Europeans, unintentionally, started an epidemic that would spread throughout the Americas and single handedly kill millions of Natives. Europeans brought diseases such as cholera, malaria, measles, mumps, smallpox, typhoid, and yellow fever to name a few. The only known disease that the Natives probably had was syphilis. Although the Europeans inadvertently shared their diseases they did share other
In the era of 1450-1750, many different empires were taking shape, along with different trades, conquests and cultural diffusion across many different countries. The Ottomans and Mughals were spreading Islam among their conquered regions, China was starting to expand into Central Eurasia during the time of the Qing dynasty, and Japan was starting to become more independent from China and adapting Neo-Confucianism.. In the era, christianity was also getting popular, spreading even farther than before, as well as splitting into a protestant and roman catholic sub-group. Among these developing societies, was Spanish America and Russia who were both alike and different in their expansion and cultural impact of the people in their society. The Spanish went abroad, conquering people overseas, while Russia expanded close to home, both having the same idea of expansion but with different motives. They also impacted the
The Old world explored the New in hopes of more land and gold. The more of these aforementioned things, the more power European countries in particular had. Many different cultures and countries tried to mix together, through the connections known as the Columbian Exchange. This Exchange is one of the most influential ecological events, and unfortunately resulted in a catastrophe for the New world. once these two different worlds tried to trade and interact with one another, the Americas were hit very hard. A bunch of native people died, and there were new diseases that didn’t have cures. Measles, the flu, malaria, yellow fever and smallpox infected the New world, killing millions. 80-100 million
The History of North American Colonies began with the Native Americans rather then with Christopher Columbus, even though current History says America was discovered by Columbus. He named it the New World. The Europeans grouped the Native Americans as "one people" even though they did not see themselves as such. That is because they were filled with a linguistic diverse group of individuals.
There are many different ways in which an empire or country may find success. If done so correctly, the empires can use these different aspects to improve and preserve their empires. The Ottoman Empire and The Shogun Empire of Japan each found success in different ways. The Ottoman Empire was a prominent empire concerning expansion, and Japan was not. They each were centralized and organized, allowing both of them to find success because of this unification. Although they both centralized, correct timing was vital in these attempts at centralization; if not done at the correct time, the attempts would have almost no effect on the success of the empire. Another aspect or policy that