The Mesopotamian and Hebrew societies lived in two very distinct sphere of influence, as they were Polytheist and monotheist, respectably. This difference ensured that each society would operate using different methods. The Gods ruling over the Mesopotamian people were extremely negative toward their subjects. Each group of Mesopotamians from the Sumerians to the Babylonians had different names for their gods; however, the gods operated in similar roles. Mesopotamian gods acted with the same feelings, attitudes, and dispositions as humans.
During the Mesopotamia era (4,000 -2,350 B.C.E.), cities were built to help support the population, the inventions of everyday chores and issues (i.e. wheels, canals, pottery), and the rise of monarchy became the hierarchy and the most widespread form of government. Society was under a patriarchy – which the male population dominated political, social, and economic life.
The Ancient Israelites and the Mesopotamians are both early societies in the Middle East. These societies have similar social similarities, such as having the society being patriarchal. They also had the same political laws such as men were recognized as the head of the household. Another similarity is with inheritance. Usually men would inherit property, money, or other values.
For a long time, Babylon was the largest city in the world. The population was up to about 200,000 people. For centuries it also remained the center for trade and religion. Babylon’s fame was probably caused by it’s leaders. One leader that made a huge impact on Babylon was King Hammurabi.
Introduction The harem is perhaps one of the most well known trappings of imperial power in the Near East, with its Western connotation arising largely from the Ottoman Empire. The concept of the harem deals with gender segregation and royal power, drawing from an archaeological and textual record that often leaves the investigating party wanting for more evidence. Several structures within Mesopotamian palaces of the first millennium BCE have long been identified as harems, specifically—and by name—the southeastern sector of the palace at Persepolis. This notion has been challenged by some scholars as flawed or entirely inaccurate for a myriad of reasons.
Archimedes is the most impactful and important mathematical genius that ever existed in humankind. Born in 287 BC in Syracuse, Italy, Archimedes is the son of the astronomer Phidias. Archimedes is most known for his accomplishments in mechanics and pi. Archimedes was instrumental in inventing many mechanical tools which have affected our history and the modern day world.
Hammurabi ruled far after Gilgamesh passed. They were both influential in their respective kingdoms. Hammurabi was the King of Babylon, Gilgamesh was the King of Uruk. Unfortunately Gilgamesh was not a favored as Hammurabi was. Gilgamesh's people wanted him to leave them alone, that he wasn't being a very good king and that the city state would be better off without his oppressive and tyrannical rule.
The early civilizations of Mesopotamia, Egypt, India, China, and the Americas that thrived near the year 3500 BCE, were known as the river valley civilizations. These civilizations were mainly patriarchal societies, due to the rise of agriculture; therefore, their political positions were held by upper-class males, and their domestic responsibilities were held by women. Due to trade, their cultures, religions, and technology were fairly similar. Mesopotamia and Egypt both contributed to modern technology with the Egyptian pyramids, and Mesopotamian arithmetic, but they differ in their location which lead them to have a different views of the afterlife.
Egypt had a different government than the Maya, in Egypt they had branches of government who helped each other deal with the people, but the Maya had one big cheese who was in charge of everything, this could relate to why the Maya had a hard time with politics as one man was in charge of everything, whereas the Egyptians helped each other out, that being said, the Egyptians still had a main person in charge called a Pharaoh. The Egyptians have a similar diet as the Maya, meaning they eat a lot of grains and fruit, much like the Maya too, they also lived in North Africa, which is a very fertile area for growing grains and wheat, they were also quite a while away from Maya, which means that they were unlikely to take ideas from the Maya, such
Many features of Mesopotamia’s and Egypt’s surrounding area influenced their religion and how they looked at the world, while Egyptians where relatively happy and optimistic people who believed that the afterlife carried great joy, Mesopotamians had a rather glum outlook on their life after death; In addition the way they portrayed their gods differed quite a bit, Mesopotamian’s depicted their gods almost exactly like humans whereas Egyptian gods had animals features, or didn’t resemble humans at all. Despite these differences they shared similarities as well, both religions were polytheistic which means they believed in many gods, and in both religions these multiple gods each represented an element of
Mesopotamia was home of the Fertile Crescent. The first civilization to develop was ancient Sumer. Their empire lasted from around 3000 to 2331 B.C.E. They created many towns in the southernmost part of Mesopotamia. The ancient Sumerians developed many new technologies.
Looking Assignment One As man evolves and the culture that he lives in changes, does the artwork he creates reflect these changes? Artwork, like man, is ever changing. If you were to look back at Paleolithic cave drawings through present day and compare the art available to us now to the first known artwork, you would notice a great change based on both evolution and culture. The area known as Mesopotamia is an excellent example of the effects of change on the people and how it influences the artwork produced. Mesopotamia has gone through many different rulers from many different civilizations and with each change their influence is seen in the artwork of the people.