Devastation Caused by Atomic Power “To the Congress of the United States: Yesterday, Dec 7, 1941- a date which will live in infamy.”(Roosevelt) These famous words were spoken by the President and Commander in Chief Franklin D. Roosevelt. The actions by Japan to attack the naval base of Pearl Harbor on United States soil during a point in which we were neutral sent America quickly to declare themselves as part of World War II. “Petition to the President” by Leo Szilard is a letter written to President Roosevelt from a group of the Scientists who help create the atomic bomb. They are urging the Commander in Chief of the reasons they should not go forth with using this weapon. When confronted with different avenues to take at a time of war for the safety of your nation having all opinions to consider is extremely important factor.
In late 1942, the US decided it was time for them to take action in the war and do something to stop it. Three years prior the scientific community some how discovered that the German scientists learned how to split an uranium atom. Everyone was soon scared at the possibility of German scientists using that huge amount of energy to produce a bomb capable of massive destruction. Our well known scientists Albert Einstein and Enrico Fermi escaped from nazis. They both agreed that the president of the United States needed to know about the dangers that the Germans could cause.
World War Two was a devastating moment in the history of the world. Many people died for their belief in a religion, dictators wanting to control the world, and the creation of the new weapons that can be used to attack others. The new weapons, to be more specific, was the atom bomb. The atom bomb had a code name; the Manhattan Project. The Manhattan Project benefited from extremely intelligent, experienced, and effective leaders.
So it can be said that guns were not the cause of all those deaths, they just made it easier to create destruction and death on a massive scale. Then in 1450, Johannes Gutenberg builds the prototype of the modern printing press. This allows humans to mass produce and spread the written word. Unfortunately, many people have taken it upon themselves to seek out and burn either certain literary achievements or wage war upon the entire world of literature as a whole. Hitler had book burning in Berlin and some groups of Christians get together to burn the Harry Potter books every year.
President Harry Truman gave an executive order in 1945 to drop to atomic bombs in popular downtown cities in Japan. With the guidance of many scientists and political leaders President Truman made the extremely tough decision to drop the bombs. After listening to arguments from both sides President Truman came to the conclusion that dropping bombs would be the best thing to do for this war. It would also show that the United States had an extreme military power. Many American politicians were for the idea of dropping the bomb, because they believed that it was the only way to end the war and get Japan to surrender.
Justification for the United States Dropping the Atomic Bomb On August 6, 1945, The US bomber the “Enola Gay” dropped the atomic warhead that would spark controversy for years to come. The warhead that was dropped, “Little Boy” was the first time that there has been the destruction of a large city like Hiroshima within a matter of seconds. Approximately 135 thousand people evaporated (Jennings, Why the Bomb was Dropped) in a matter of seconds after dropping. Shortly after, Major General Charles Sweeney, decided to drop another bomb of which the Japanese city of Nagasaki would be destroyed. The bomb, “Fat Man” was made ready for deployment, and dropped without second thought.
August 6th of 1945 was the day that President Harry S.Truman decided to end the war for good when he ordered the dropping of the first atomic bomb, named “Little Boy”, on the Japanese city of Hiroshima. Two days later, President Truman ordered a second dropping of an atomic bomb named “Fat Man” on the city of Nagasaki because Japan did not surrender after the bombing of Hiroshima. The casualties of these atomic bombs were severe with over an estimated 100,000 people dead (“The Atomic Bomb”). The dropping of the bomb should have never happened because it was highly unnecessary, due to the fact that Japan were practically defeated already. According to William D. Leahy, the Chief of Staff to President Franklin Roosevelt and President Harry Truman and a very close aide to both presidents believed that the surrendering of Japan could be arranged without the use of an atomic bomb and invasions on their mainland.
Technological Advancements Effects Within Society Albert Einstein, a theoretical physicist, once said,”It has become appallingly obvious that our technology has exceeded our humanity.”During the 1950s, the first atomic bomb was created, The Manhattan Project, and released on Japan by the United States. From this event, author Ray Bradbury wrote a short story in hopes that the citizens of the US will understand that technology has destroyed them rather than saved them. This science fiction short story “August 2026: There Will Come Soft Rains,” is about a world set in 2026 where the world fought each other with nuclear weapons.I personally believe that technology has done more good to the human race than bad because it has given us many more advantages within the last few hundred years. To begin, there were multiple examples
As World War II came to an end, so would an era. The deafening thunder of the nuclear age was ushered in as two atomic bombs were dropped on Japan, the new weapon being one of most destructive and decisive armaments ever. This new age of cold war was defined by the new nuclear bomb. From peace to conflict, the bomb was ever present in the minds of foreign policy makers all over the world. While created as a weapon of war, the nuclear bomb became the main reason peace was seen at all during the Cold War.
George Lincoln Rockwell, an American prominent holocaust denier, became known as the “American Hitler”. After founding the American Nazi Party, Rockwell took it upon himself to be an enthusiastic denier, meaning spreading the Neo-nazi movement across America. In a 1996 interview with Playboy magazine, Rockwell told Playboy that it was “self defense” for people killing jews. He then stated, “ I don’t believe that for one minute that any 6 million Jews were exterminated; it never happened” (Haley). Even with blatant proof, some people will still deny the whole holocaust just because of hatred towards another nation.
Unfortunately, the United States was determined to destroy Japan with the powerful atomic bomb. In 1944, the U.S. President and prime minster of United Kingdom made a private agreement to immediately use the bomb against Japan once it was available, “despite the clear indications (as early as 1944) that Japan had little chance of winning.” (Ham 3, History). The atomic bomb was at no means justified. President Truman was informed of the potential damage of the bomb and the United States, clearly, had other less violent options. Yet, they were set on the most harmful choice to claim superiority and demonstrate revenge through the atomic bomb.
“[T]he world was never to be the same again.” (Stein 27) The dropping of the atom bomb on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki was a monumental event that changed the course of human history. The atom bomb was built and developed to help end World War II and it did accomplish that goal by causing the surrender of the Japanese. (Editors of Encyclopaedia par.7) However, the development and use of the atomic bomb opened an era where anyone and everyone was at potential risk of destruction and the survival of the entire human race held hostage to the disputes between international superpowers. An Atomic Bomb is a weapon, or explosive, cause by a quick release of energy from the splitting of the nuclei. Elements like uranium or plutonium are used in the bomb.
Einstein writes a letter to the American President, Franklin D. Roosevelt, stating that German and Japanese forces were developing a bomb that utilized uranium. After F.D.R. died tragically of a cerebral hemorrhage, President Harry S. Truman is faced with a dilemma. Truman can either face Japanese invasion of the homefront and risk American death, or he can drop two bombs that will devastate Japan and end the war. With a heavy heart and many critics he chooses the latter.
The bombing of the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki were the final closing factors of World War II. After launching the Manhattan Project to further study the ideas of atomic energy usage in military weapons, United States President Harry S. Truman decided to drop the bombs on Japan, which, though struggling in the war, refused to surrender. World War II consisted of two opposing groups of nations: the Allied Powers and the Axis Powers. Germany, an Axis Power, invaded Poland, an Allied Power, on September 1, 1939, setting off the war. This resulted in France and England, both Allied Powers, declaring war on Germany.