He was elected to lead the boycott because he was young and new to town and nobody knew who he was, so he didn’t have a be reputation with the black community. The boycott went on for 382 days and finally the supreme court lifted the segregated transportation laws. Then they had the sit-ins. King would encourage the kids to continue the nonviolent methods of protest. After his assassination riot broke out and many things were burnt down.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 ended all state and local laws involving segregation. It has only been 54 years since segregation in the United states was legal. Until about 50 years ago the laws did not protect everyone as a whole; black and white people were not considered equal and were separated from each other. This included racial segregation in schools, restaurants, cafes, bathrooms, hotels/motels, on buses and trains. The modern Civil Rights movement began in the 1950s when Rosa Parks refused to give her seat to a white man on a segregated bus.
Martin Luther King’s nonviolent tactics were ineffective as it took long time and still Montgomery stayed as a segregated town after boycott. On December 1, 1955, Montgomery bus boycott has began due to an arrest of an African American Rosa Parks who refused to give up her seat to a white
When first arrested the community signed a petition for her release. Although she was not released people were confident she was not guilty and was to be released. The first verdict, as expected, was not guilty, but upon hearing the verdict the afflicted girls began throwing unusual fits in the courtroom. Afterward, Judge Stoughton asked the jury to rethink the verdict. A week later the jury changed their verdict to guilty.
In 1963, at the height of the Civil Rights revolution, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., was leading demonstrations in Birmingham, Alabama. After a court order was issued forbidding demonstrations, King, who speaks obedience to law, decided for the first time to break an unjust law. On April 12, King was arrested for this violation and held unreachable for twenty-four hours. When he was allowed contact, he received a copy of the Birmingham Post Herald of April 13, which carried a public letter from eight local clergymen—Protestant, Catholic, and Jewish—calling the demonstrations “unwise and untimely.” While the clergymen opposed segregation, they urged patience. Although King was not the addressee and the letter never mentioned his name, King
About ten years later, the famous Rosa Parks story took place in Montgomery. The author of the Rosa Parks page emphasizes that, “By refusing to give up her seat to a white man on a Montgomery, Alabama, city bus in 1955, black seamstress Rosa Parks (1913—2005) helped initiate the civil rights movement in the United States” (Rosa Parks). Simply put, Rosa inspired the rest of the African American communities around the United States to protest through boycotts whenever they had the chance to do so. Determined to get the bus segregation law overturned, Parks and her fellow NAACP
It consisted of 13 people, 7 black and 6 white, departing from Washington, DC. They were planning to stop at Richmond, Petersburg, Farmville, Lynchburg and Danville in Virginia. Stops in North Carolina included Greensboro, High Point, Salisbury and Charlotte. Nobody really bothered them at most of these stops, but in Charlotte, North Carolina, there was an arrest. Black rider Joseph Perkins tried to get a shoe shine at a “white only” shoe shine station, he was arrested for trespassing, refused bail, and spent two nights in jail.
After the trials of the four murderers had been held, people started to realize that they were treating African Americans horribly. Much time had passed before people realized they needed to do something about this racial prejudice. About a year later, the Civil Rights Act was passed by congress stating that it “ended segregation in public places and banned employment discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex or national origin…” (History.com) The act helped vanquish segregation in cities forever, yet it still did not fully do the job. The assassination of Malcolm X and Martin Luther King Jr. followed in years after the law was made and showed that people still broke the rules and people still treated African-Americans with rotten
In 1955 racial segregation continued in the Southern region of America. African Americans protested non-violent wars, but were not lucky enough at that time. Second, leaders like Rosa Parks, Martin Luther King Jr. Andrew Goodman, Malcolm X and many others fought like a lion but without violence. Rosa Parks took a stand on a bus, instead of giving her seat up like she was “supposed” to she sat their protesting. This serious action led to the start of the Montgomery Bus Boycott which lasted more than a year.
Before the Little Rock Nine event everything was segregated by race. Bathrooms, restaurants, stores, hotels, schools, jobs, and even water fountains were all segregated by race. If an African American entered a white store or restaurant they would be kicked out and even beat up. Seating on busses were segregated by race, whites sat in the front and blacks had to sit in the back, if a white needed a seat one black passenger had to give up their seat. One civil rights activist took action and has stopped most segregation but the segregation between schools did not stop.