At the turn of the 20th century, America was in the midst of a new era of growth. During the Second Industrial Revolution, millions of Americans saw the rise in technological innovation and the corporation. Those who made it rich in America did so by mass producing goods, like Andrew Carnegie and steel. In New York City, the arrival of thousands of immigrants per day allowed a labor-intensive industry to prop up among a land restricted area. With new inventions and ways to manufacture goods, mass amounts of cheap labor, and a pro-business government the economic conditions involving the garment industry in New York City during the Second Industrial Revolution was one of major, but sometimes volatile, growth with mass inequality.
A great illustration showing the fruits of the Second Industrial Revolution can be seen in the celebration of Henry Hudson and Robert Fulton. New inventions lined the streets of New York from the automobile, the electric lights that illuminated the streets, and the tall skyscrapers. For the textile companies, new inventions could lower the price of production, like the cutter’s knife which allowed for a skilled man to,”cut the pieces for dozens, or even hundreds, of identical garments in just a few strokes” (Von Drehle, 39). Along with the rise of people …show more content…
In particular, textile industries found themselves in a position where they can acquire a great amount of workers and then pay them a small wage. Because New York City was the destination for many immigrants coming from Europe, the job market for them was competitive. Immigrants arriving in New York found themselves with thousands of other immigrants, and for some, knowing only their native language and being unskilled farmers, had a limited choice of jobs. These characteristics were the easiest to exploit for a textile owner, as they had nowhere else to work and could not afford to
Industrialization's Rise The great titans of the U.S Industrial Revolution could never have become so gigantic if they did not play their cards perfectly. And they did indeed play their hands correctly, by taking advantage of all the resources they had available to them at the time. Not only did the great titans of this era, such as Standard Oil, invent and utilize a great number of machines to amplify the magnitude of business they could conduct, they also employed and took advantage of the grand pool of immigrants to employ. Furthermore, these "Robber Barons" invested further in this Industrialization, with some like J.P Morgan pooling his money into even more inventions.
The industrial revolution brought many great inventions and innovations into the world, especially to America, the new world. The United States had many resources available and more importantly for Americans could utilize them for the nations gain. Many businessmen took advantage of this opportunity by building up their businesses and wealth to a standard that many people still look to as a standard of greatness. Many historians have their take on how the men of the industrial revolution changed not only America, but the rest of the world as well. Authors, Charles Morris, Matthew Josephson, and James Nuechterlein point out to historians that the world is full of many different angles and ideas that one can view regarding the Robber Barons or the successful men of the industrial revolution.
The Industrial Revolution brought to America new technologies to manufacture and produce goods in quantities unseen before. In the aftermath of the Industrial Revolution new companies were learning how to monopolize and take advantage of the public, these companies would eventually effect America in more ways then one. During the late 1800’s and the early 1900’s many working class individuals lived in poverty because of the formations of monopolies and trusts. A trust is a basically another word for monopoly, which means one large business that corners a market and has no competition allowing it to raise their prices however they choose.
Some Americans could enjoy the changes since the market revolution whereas others saw it as the end of their liberty. Farmers were happy before the market revolution they had the freedom to be their own boss. However, after the market revolution, they were forced out of their home, breaking up families and the community system, which was a form of support. “Although many Americans welcomed the market revolution, others experienced it as a loss of freedom. Especially in the growing cities of the Northeast, economic growth was accompanied by a significant wondering of the gap between wealthy merchants and industrialists, on the one hand, and impoverished factory workers, unskilled dock workers, and seamstresses laboring at home, on the other.
America was industrializing in the late eighteenth century, which was a movement of industry and factories, and an influx of workers going to the factories to earn money for their everyday lives, which led to many people getting new jobs and fewer people having zero money at all. To the east of America were two other big countries who were trying to industrialize as well. Japan and Russia specifically were industrializing between 1850 and 1914, which affected the industry of both countries. This included factories being converted to automated machinery, however, as a result of the industrialization, Russia was treating its workers much worse than how Japan treated theirs. An example of this is how Russia paid its workers a lot less
jobs because they required heavy manual labor in a dangerous environment. The factories were iron and textiles were produced, needed masses of workers to operate the equipment and create products (Early American Railroads, 2008). During this time the railroads were being mass produced to accommodate the demand for more transport line. The railroads offered many jobs: driving spikes, carrying wooden ties, leveling ground for new line and laying the iron track. The opportunity to work on building new tracks throughout the US brought many Irish to work for the railroad companies (Irish Immigration to America, n.d.).
In both the early and late 19th century there were a lot of things that contributed to the growth of America. Economically, during this point in time there was extreme growth. Up to the end of the Civil war, the way people went about life was about to change even more than what has already changed in the last fifty years. Post-Civil war, over 4 million slaves were freed. They migrated and assimilated towards the pacific coast and towards northern states.
The Gilded Age was to describe America in the late nineteenth century. The outside of the US seemed glamorous and splendid alongside industrial development and massive economic growth. However, the dark sides were hidden beneath it. In my perspective, I believe we are living in the 2nd Gilded age.
Due to the growth in jobs and economy, The Second Industrial Revolution was born. For example, Eric Foner, the author of Give me Liberty stated,“the country enjoyed abundant natural resources, a growing supply of labor, an expanding market for manufactured goods, and the availability of capital for investment….”(Foner, 2014, page 593). The new territories that the United States acquired after the Civil War gave Americans motivation to innovate their country through the industrial industry. Jobs such as factory production, mining and railroad construction were all in high demand and gave thousands of unemployed Americans and immigrants employment. During The Second Industrial Revolution, employers
The Industrial Revolution cast its shadow upon European cities and towns. Some enjoyed this shade while others suffered tremendously because of it. Those who enjoyed the luxuries and wealth that the Industrial Revolution provided, the bourgeoisie, depended on the needs of the poor, the proletarians, to increase the size of their monstrous factories and ultimately their wealth and influence. In “The Communist Manifesto” Karl Marx discusses the effects of the Industrial Revolution in further dividing society by creating new social and economic hierarchies. In addition to his observation of the division of labor, Karl Marx believed, that due to the technological shift from craftsmanship to machinery this also caused division of labor and the appreciation of proletarian handmade goods was disregarded.
The Industrial Revolution began in England during the late 1700’s. This movement introduced improved agricultural methods, textile industries, and the export of machine-made goods. Because the agricultural business was finding more efficient ways to manage their products, the working class decreased in this field (Document 7). This extreme drop in numbers led to people whining for a steady, supportive job. Luckily for the thousands of unemployed, the demand for factory workers increased (Document 2).
The late 1800s marked the start of the Industrial Revolution for the United States. Prior to the rapid industrialization, people lived in rural communities and manufacturing was done largely by local craftsmen. After the Civil War, certain needs were emphasized such as the need for faster production, transportation, and better communication. All of these needs were met by the Industrial Revolution due to technological advancements. These advancements had great effects on the structure of cities at the time.
New York City remains as the largest city of the United States, and to many it is considered one of the greatest cities in the world. Since its beginning as the Dutch settlement of New Amsterdam, the city has been challenged by the integration of millions of immigrants with a variety of cultures, languages, and different racial and ethnic backgrounds. This has not only defined the city’s rich history and diverse metropolis, but its contributions to the American way of life and culture remains relevant in the present. Since the establishment of the city, immigration from all over the world has influenced aspects of the economy, urban planning, and intergroup relations to form a set of interconnected factors that have molded the landscape of
City life was not the best. Cities were usually overcrowded, most immigrants lived in tenement housing. But soon urbanization picked up, and it got better, when neighborhoods formed, and people could breathe better with more space. America 's economy was and still is described as capitalism. And with the invention of the light bulb, the assembly line by Henry Ford, and the automobile, Mass production was able to support the rising economy of the U.S.
The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire led to imperative reforms that sought for adequate conditions for workers and the advent of the Progressive Era. (Source 2). The United States was in the middle of the Second Industrial Revolution at the beginning of the twentieth century. Many of the rural population migrated into cities for jobs, while immigrants from Europe also added to the growth of the cities.