Did you know you can turn sodium acetate into “hot ice”? It is exactly what happens within a chemical heating pack! Inside that pack, along with water, is a solution that has more sodium acetate that can normally be dissolved at room temperature. Sodium acetate is the sodium salt of acetic acid. This solution is called a saturated solution because it contains the maximum amount of sodium acetate that can be dissolved without heating the solution (1).
Procedure The aim of this experiment was to determine how variations in the amounts of calcium carbonate would affect the amount of carbon dioxide produced within the time frame of one minute. By measuring the amount of carbon dioxide produced, the changes in the rate of reaction could also be determined. By the end of the minute, the more carbon dioxide was produced, the faster the rate of reaction. Throughout the minute, the flask containing hydrochloric acid and calcium carbonate was swirled around in continuous, circular motions. At the end of the sixty seconds, measurements were read off the indicator lines on the measuring cylinder where the waterline sat.
The purpose of this lab is to observe the reaction between hydrochloric acid and magnesium metal. When the substances are reacted over water, the products produced are a salt in aqueous solution and a gas. While the salt remains in the water as part of a solution, the gas produced will float to the top. Though water vapor pressure will affect the pressure of the gas in the eudiometer, it is possible to apply Dalton’s law of partial pursues to find the dry pressure of the gas. When the dry pressure is determined, the volume of the gas at STP can then be determined and what the experimental volume of one mole of the gas would be at STP.
Problem: How does the temperature of water used to dissolve an Alka-Seltzer tablet affect the amount of time it would take for the tablet to completely dissolve? An Alka-Seltzer tablet is a medicine tablet made with baking soda used as a pain reliever for “headaches, body aches, pain, heartburn, acid indigestion, and sour stomach” (Alka-Seltzer Tablets). It is put into water, left to dissolve and then consumed. When an Alka-Seltzer tablet is dropped into h20, a chemical reaction immediately takes place and produces bubbles made out of carbon dioxide as a product of the collision (Olson 2). When in its original powder (dry) form, the Alka-Seltzer’s two main ingredients: citric acid and sodium bicarbonate are just there and not reacting to each
To improve this experiment, we could have had accurate measurements and spinning every 10 seconds. After finishing the experiment, I learned that calcium chloride is flaky and has a powder consistency and when it is in liquid form, it’s colorless. The only question I have is that what would happen if you put calcium chloride in very hot water. In the end, this experiment overall was very educational to learn how much the temperature rises just from calcium chloride and
1) Percentage yield experiment: First we measured 20cm3 of sulphuric acid into a beaker using a measuring cylinder, this will help us determine the percentage yield at the end of the experiment. We then heated the beaker containing the sulphuric acid using a Bunsen burner in order to heat it up for the copper oxide to mix with. We then weighed out 1.02g of copper oxide and added it to the acid and stirred it whilst doing so, we did that until the liquid turned blue, this proves that the chemicals have mixed together. We then weighed this liquid which will help us determine the percentage yield. We then filtered the liquid off which gave us the amount we obtained.
Water will act as initial solvent for caffeine extraction. This is due to water that slowly soluble with caffeine at ambient temperature but highly soluble when temperature is at 100°C. Then, methylene chloride is chosen as the extraction solvent, due to its miscibility with caffeine and immiscibility with water. As mentioned above, the immiscible pair is chose for the extraction part because to allow the aqueous and organic layers to be separated. Basically, the bottom layer is the aqueous layer while the upper layer is the organic compound.
Throughout the mixing process, the clear red solution slowly changes to a denser red solution (Appendix figure 23). A thermometer was used for temperature checking. The beaker was removed from the hot plate when the temperature was found to be higher than 50 ℃. This was done to prevent a sudden gelation happen before all the active dissolved in the ethylene glycol. Moderate heating of the solution for a period of time is allowed to obtain a wet gel (Appendix figure 24).
The Problem: How does temperature affect the dissolving time of an antacid tablet? Antacid tablets are medicines that help neutralize the acid in your stomach. Antacid tablets are made of numerous numbers of components, such as sodium bicarbonate (baking powder), magnesium hydroxide, critic acid, and many others. When Antacid tablets are placed in water, they undergo a chemical reaction, where the sodium bicarbonate breaks apart to make sodium and bicarbonate ions. When the bicarbonate ions collide with hydrogen ions, it produces carbonic acid.
To sweeten the solution, it has to be heated. Solutions become more soluble when the temperature rises for glucose, so does the solute. When the corn syrup 's temperature rises, the solute also rises, which causes the lactose to rise too. To carbonize the solution, it has to be lower than the temperature. Unlike solids, gases
The constants of the experiment, will be the amount of water used and the Alka Selter compound. The control in the experiment is water. Units used while timing the productivity of gas from an Alka-Seltzer tablet in different temperatures is, seconds. In order to find out if temperature controls the rate of chemical reaction, whether hot water is a more effective way to make the gas produce at a faster speed, it would be necessary to compare the results of different temperatures at the end of each trial. In order to do this the scientists will measure the volume of gas that is produced within a 10 second interval time after the tablet begins to react.
Acid is any substance that yields hydrogen ions when put in water solutions 2. Base is any substance that accepts hydrogen ions in water solutions A: Ranking Substance on the pH Scale 1. pH Scale is the scale used by scientist measuring the relative acidity of a substance B: Some pH Terminology 1. When a solution becomes more basic, the pH rises. Therefore the higher the pH, the more basic the solution: the lower the pH, the more acid in the solution. Oven cleaner is said to have high pH balance while lemon juice has a low pH
The slightly negative end of another hydrogen chloride particle will become attracted to the other end of the particle which has a slight positive charge. Therefore the two dipoles will become drawn together because the electrons are not shared between the two particles of hydrogen chloride. The melting point of hydrogen chloride is -85.05 Celsius however water has a boiling point of 100 degrees. Therefore this proves that hydrogen bonding in water is more powerful than hydrogen chloride because water is more polar than HCL . Water has a higher boiling water because more energy is needed to break the water molecules apart in hydrogen chloride.
This was because the lower the elements are down a group, the larger the size of its atomic radii. This makes it easier for the electron to be released to react with hydrogen gas either in water or in hydrochloric acid. Magnesium reacts with oxygen resulting in a bright white flame and produced magnesium oxide. After the combustion was completed, magnesium oxide was placed into the beaker containing water and the pH level of the solution was neutral. It could produce a basic solution if the oxide layer of the magnesium ribbon was cleaned completely, to ensure that it does not hinder the reaction between magnesium and
If I had a chance to do this experiment once again. I would improve this experiment by actually testing, whether temperature affects the rate of reaction of the alka seltzer tablet, by having the water be hot, warm and cold, and determine at which temperate does the tablet dissolve faster. I could also change the amount of water I used during the experiment, as I only used 100ml of water in a 400ml beaker. I would also change the temperate of the room. A further investigation can study how temperature affects the rate of reaction between water and alka seltzer tablets.