Back pain in pilots is a common occupational health problem that may interfere with flying performance. Back pain is a common complaint among military aviators of various aircraft. Utility helicopter pilots have more prevalent and more severe back pain than others pilots. It is hard to find a clear relationship between type of aircraft and the region of back pain (2-5). The high incidence of back pain in helicopter pilots (HP) has been attributed to vibration and the in-flight pilot's posture (6, 7).
From the manufacturer to the flight crew, there were some bad decisions made. The incident, according to Mike (2014), “Incapacitation of the flight crew due to hypoxia, resulting in the continuation of the flight via the flight management computer and the autopilot, depletion of the fuel and engine flameout, and the impact of the aircraft with the ground.” I would recommend, not only for engineer to pay attention to detail but also for managers to ensure that everyone is well trained to ensure an organization that practices good safety culture and quality management. I would also recommend that crew members are adequately trained to implement Crew Resource Management principles to ensure safety. The flight crew should have also been aware of the Aircraft Flight Manual and that passenger masks will not provide sufficient oxygen for prolonged operation above 34,000 feet cabin altitude. They should have also been aware that the manual stated that prolonged operation above 25,000 feet cabin altitude with passengers on board is not
Research reveals that the use of wrong parts, incorrect installation and omissions are the most common cases of maintenance errors (National Transportation Safety Board, 2000). Other minor forms of maintenance errors include inadequate lubrication, leaving loose objects in the plane, electrical wiring discrepancies and failure to secure the refuel and fuel caps. A typical example of an incident caused by maintenance error is that of Boeing 747's in 1991. The aircraft experienced in-flight engine shut downs as a result of several human errors. Investigation showed that the accident was caused by procedural defects, incorrect installation of O-rings, use of defective components and functional defects (National Transportation Safety Board,
In May 2009, a pilot for a commercial airline was experiencing difficulties landing a plane at Denver international Airport. The reasoning behind this was that the pilot was distracted preparing to land, that he accelerated the aircraft while the brakes were still deployed. Nothing serious happened, however he realized that habit patterns, possible fatigue, and distractions can create a sequence of events that will lead to possible death and destruction. Human error is one of the leading causes for airplane accidents around the world. Due to electronic devices being brought aboard by the staff mistakes are more bound to happen when someone is focused on something they shouldn’t be.
There are important reasons why aerophobia is a serious problem for people. Fear of flying is a result of weak psychological defense in the face of stressful and traumatic events. Fear of flying is a simple phobia but with many complex factors. There are many elements to it and millions of reasons why the fear develops in the first place. Different kinds of factors can develop aerophobia in person.
Counselling involves a wide array of communication activities for deliberation and collaboration between two parties – the dietetics professional and the client. The process involves two major parts - (i) developing rapport, empathy and a trusting relationship; (ii) implementation of specific behaviour change strategies and techniques directed at the client’s problem. The outcome of counselling relies to a large extent on (a) understanding of the reason for the session (b) skills and resources of the counsellor (c) the motivation, needs and interest of the client. For instance, a simple interactive session may be adequate for counselling a parent regarding child’s diet. But a prolonged and repeated counselling session may be required for
Most of the time we are psychologically uneasy because conflicts within the self and with surroundings. These conflicts are at unconscious level, we all are not conscious about it but it is experienced by all. Conflict can be resolves by being aware and coming in terms with self, surrounding environment and corresponding forces. Many times I observed that my actions contradict with my intention which furthers my inner conflict. This happens because of false self mask.
SUMMARY Human error in aircraft maintenance can affect on safety and performance in a number of ways. Poorrepairs, for example, can increase the amount of breakdowns which in turn can increase therisks associated with equipment failure and personal accidents. We humans have been making errors for a long time and this won’t stop but some can be prevented. Almost over 80% of accidents are due to human errors.This paper intends to overview and illustrate how safety in aircraft maintenance and quality can be improved. BACKGROUND Aircraft Maintenance has a major importance to the business performance of aviation industry and the safety of the general public.
Roles and status A person belongs to many groups such as family, organization, clubs and online communities. The person’s position in each group can be defined in terms of both role and status. A role consists of the activities people are expected to perform according to the people around them. Each role carries a status reflecting the general esteem given to it by society. Usually, people choose products appropriate to their role and status.
Centralized and Decentralized Facilities. Likewise the name itself, a centralized airport has its system in a centralized facility while decentralized has units scattered influence by each type. In a research Airport Development, plans and processes: A case Study of Dorval International Airport (D’Amico 2000, page 51 ) each system has its owns advantage and disadvantages. A Centralized unit according to the case study, regardless of the airline each specific area process all the function. One of its advantages is a massive use of common facilities such as security, baggage and carrousel.