In addition, it seeks to highlight the different identity statuses, as well as, the factors that facilitate or hinder identity formation. Furthermore, various psychological theories will be drawn upon relating to events in the movie that depict adolescent identity development. Adolescence is the period between childhood and emerging adulthood (Sigelman & Rider, 2015). According to Behm-Morawitz and Mastro (2008), this period is generally categorized by development in different spheres of life and often revolves around an increased independence and freedom. In addition, during this period adolescents start to forge a sense of identity.
Psychology, being the scientific study of the human mind and its functions, is becoming a more prominent study in younger ages. In child psychology, there are many factors that contribute to the cognitive development of children, adolescents, and young adults. These factors can be categorized into three main topics: environmental factors and how it changes the neurological system, risks of social behavior due to the different mental states, and hormonal changes adding to psychological imbalance. Lifestyle, social relationships, childhood experiences, family life, and what they take into their mind can have multiple effects on their newly forming mental health patterns. Adolescents need constant approval, require love and attention, and a sense of want or belonging to feel needed.
adhiolescent development involves a complex interplay between genetics, biol- ogy, and social and emotional relationships within multiple contexts of home, school and the broader community. The transition from primary to secondary school, coupled with the onset of puberty, can therefore be a difficult period for young people to negotiate at a critical period of their developmental pathway. Using a social ecological perspective, this article examines the impact of the transition experience on adolescent social and emotional health, both immedi- ately following transition to secondary school and at the end of the first year in this new school environment. This 1-year prospective study involving 1,500 Australian Grade 8 secondary school students found that 31% of students in the sample experienced a ‘difficult’ or ‘somewhat difficult’ transition to their new school. This third of the student sample were consequently more likely to experience poorer social and emotional health, including higher levels of de- pression and anxiety at the end of their first year of secondary school, while controlling for these variables at the time of transition.
It is argued that the period of adolescence is one of the most difficult periods an individual can experience (Yablonska, 2013). Adolescence can best be described as a period in time were individuals begin to find themselves and or develop a sense of identity (Sigelman & Rider, 2015). Put forward, this paper will discuss James Marcia theory of identity formation among adolescents. Additionally, this paper will draw relevant evidence of identity development with reference to the identity formation theory presented by Marcia from a thirteen year old teenage girl named Tracy. The experiences of Tracy was observed from a movie called “Thirteen” (2003) which will be used to explain and describe identity development among teenagers.
They may begin to feel or wonder will they fit into society and where and actually will they be accepted into society. As a teenager is searching to find who they are they may drift from different peer groups, go through phases or also go through different personality, behaviour stages but this is a positive thing according to Erik Erickson. This is important because it is all in the process of forming a strong identity and also a sense of direction in their lives. It is important for parents or guardians to be support through this exploration stage of their child’s life, as a child will remember this support as they become older and also it may contribute to who they may become. Whilst in the crisis of identity vs role confusion an adolescent may become concerned how they appear to others.
This stage is presented around middle adulthood and this is an important event for parenting roles and forming relationships with children. Children are in need of being taken care of while adults are needed. Generativity is making use of time and helping those around them such as the community or relationships while stagnation is the polar opposite which refers to failure in finding ways to contribute back. It is stated that everyone faces difficulties when entering parenthood and we see that not everyone comes across parenthood the same way. We see how culture takes a role in development as it is custom in the U.S for children to leave the home while in different cultures, it’s not viewed the same way.
What Influences Gender Role Specifics Within Society? Colleen Ann Jardine Thongsook College, July 2016 Abstract The family unit, education, and the media play a huge role in socially constructing genders to into specific behaviors and roles that are the expected and termed “norms” within society. Children are made aware of the cultural and societal norms through subtle messages at a very young age and it has been embedded in them by the age of 4 or 5. Children, being at a disadvantage accept it as a natural form of behavior which has lasting effects, good and bad right into their adulthood. Unfortunately, not all adults realize the true reality and continue the same cycle with their offspring.
In this article, we limited our adolescence but Erickson 's theory a more complete discussion of the crisis information can be found in the article describes the development of the child. The first crisis usually occurs in early to mid-adolescence, known as identity confusion and identity crisis. The struggle to find the development of the crisis on behalf of the unique, individual identity, while
Freud mentioned that we all reach this stage by adolescence. Adolescence brings about a revitalization of Oedipal or Electra conflicts and a change of earlier childhood identifications. The child is now open to learning how to involve in mutually satisfying sexual relations. Laila Ahmed 5609 BEDPM -2 Adolescence and Learning Page 4 According to Freud it very important the parents take care their children while they grow. If the parents do not take their responsibilities the children fail to their live span.
Adolescents are striving for more autonomy and self-determination (Collins 1990; Laursen and Collins 2004). Indeed, one of the most salient developmental tasks during adolescence is establishing oneself as an autonomous being (Erikson 1959; Steinberg 1990). Ideally, parent–adolescent relationships in Western societies gradually change from a more vertical, asymmetrical relationship to a more horizontal, symmetrical relationship (Collins 1990, 1995; Collins and Steinberg 2006; Russell et al. 1998; Steinberg 1990; Youniss and Smollar 1985). Although parents encourage autonomy of their children and accept more symmetrical relations, they have somewhat different expectations regarding the timing of appropriate autonomy for their adolescents (Deković et al.