Sigmund Freud’s psychosexual theory and Erik Erikson’s psychosocial theory are two important psychoanalytic theories on human development that could be used as a basis in the explanation of human development. Even though both theories have similarities, there are also differences. I also feel that these must be used only as a base in understanding human development. Though Erikson’s theory were greatly influenced by Freud’s theory and based on many of his ideas, he had his own ideas on development. We will now discuss in further detail.
Erik Erikson’s Psychosocial Theory of Development Beginning with the Freud’s Psychosexual Theory of Development, this theory was created to explain human development relating to how the mind works. Sigmund Freud 's theory of psychosexual development is based on the idea that parents play a crucial role in managing their children 's sexual and
Introduction The purpose of this assignment is to compare and contrast Sigmund Freud's psychosexual theory of development and Erik Erikson's psychosocial theory of development and also whether we are able to apply different concepts of psychosexual theory of development & psychosocial theory of development in daily life. Each theory will be briefly explained and the last part of the essay will be evaluating the critics of both theories by comparing. Sigmund Freud developed his theory on five psychosexual stages. He even believed that the human personality consisted of three interworking part. They are the id, the ego and the superego.
Erikson’s theory of identity development 3.1. General Background Erik Erikson’s psychosocial development theory is a psychoanalytic theory in which he extended Freud’s five psychosexual stages of development and suggested series of eight psychological stages of development, focusing more on the social context of development, through which a healthy developing human should pass from infancy to the old age (Fleming, 2004). The ego identity is the conscious sense of self that the individual may develop through his social interactions. The achievement and development of the ego identity is one of the aims of Erikson’s theory (Cherry, 2015). In each stage, the individual faces what Erikson called crisis which the individual must overlap to proceed
REPORT OF 16PF TEST "Personality is the dynamic organization within the individual of those psychophysical systems that determine his characteristic behavior and thought” (Allport, 1961). There are various theories which talks about personality. It includes psychoanalytic, trait, learning, biological and evolutionary, and humanistic theories, etc. Psychoanalytic theories of personality originated with the seminal work of Sigmund Freud. According to his tripartite theory of mind, behavior is the dynamic outcome of the struggle between id, ego and superego.
Eriksons model of development focuses on key challenges that the person needs to meet and overcome in the course of their life. It views them in terms of the significant social relationships they take place within and what the favourable outcomes are of each challenge. The staging according to age/significant social relationship removes the sexualized language of Freud while still recognizing formative periods of development early on. The first three stages follow closely those of Freud but do so without the same limiting to social gender roles. Eriksons viewing of development in terms of psycho-social crisis’ also takes on board Jungs concern for the need of a deeper/meaningful view of human development.
1a) According to Erik Erikson’s theory there are eight stages of development for a human being to unfold. Firstly a child goes through Erikson’s first stage of development, Trust versus mistrust. This stage leads on to the second stage of development, Autonomy versus shame and the third stage of development, Initiative versus guilt happens during a child’s preschool age. This is a period where a child is exposed to many social activities and challenges where he will be require active, purposeful and responsible behaviour. Along the way feelings of guilt may arise when the child is irresponsible and made to feel him anxious as mentioned by Erik Erikson.
Contributing Factors in the Development in CD Psychosocial factor Peer influences have been considered as a contributing factors in the development of antisocial behaviors, and children with poor peer relationships has been linked to conduct problems. Research have found that children are more likely to engage with deviant peers in antisocial behavior, and children with conduct problems tend to have more conflict with prosocial peers (Fergusson, Vitaro, Wanner & Brendgen, 2007). The consequences of peer rejection are hostile and antisocial behavior children will likely to engage with other deviant children as young as five years old (Fergusson et al, 2007); and in their primary schooling they will have poor academic performances (Coie, 2004).
This theory was developed by Sigmund Freud and holds that our irrational, unconscious drives and motives underline our behavior. The drives and motives often originate from experiences from childhood (Behavioral Theories). If genetics were to determine how we behave, these drives and motives would be rational. According to the theory, however, unordinary and rational drives and motives determine behavior. These are most likely derived from experiences gained during childhood.
One does sexual orientation to be seen by others in a specific manner, either as male, female, or as alarming those classifications. Surely, sex is disguised and procures noteworthiness for the individual; a few people need to feel ladylike or manly. Social constructionists may contend that in light of the fact that classifications are just framed inside a social connection, even the influence of sexual orientation is in a few ways a social connection. Also, we hold ourselves and one another for our presentation of sex, or how we "quantify up." We are mindful that others assess and portray our conduct on the parameter of sex.