Urbanization is seen as an effect of the current globalization phenomenon, as people, through their view of urban centers as a rich source of employment and access to other economic activities, coupled with the fact that social amenities are available in urban areas as opposed to rural areas, continue to migrate to urban areas to access this facilities. Urbanization is defined as the continued proportional increase of an entire population which live in urban areas and the surrounding sub-urban areas. It is a function of population increase, which can occur through natural growth within the existing population and rural-urban or urban-urban migration. (Owuor,2012).Urbanization is greatly linked to industrialization which took place in the mid 18th century in parts of Europe and which many countries continue to experience. As industries continued to grow, there was emergence of towns due to concentration of labor in the industrial areas and the emerging needs for housing and other social amenities for the factory
Urbanization refers to the process of raising population growth in cities and rural, it also includes the rise of industrialization. The government, industry and business deal in urban areas are involved.The United States and Europe had started their urbanization since the 19th century. On the other hand, by the end of 2014, 54.7% of China’s total population live in the urban areas, which is a rate that rose from 26% in 1990. They are currently experiencing a rapid increase. Yet, urbanization has many benefits.
In addition, cosmopolitanism manifests in cosmopolitan cities with millions of world citizens. Interconnected world have been formed through tourism, business, immigrants or products that are easily circulated over the world. (Nejatbakhsh, 2014). Metropolitan cities have enormously increased up to 34 urban areas with more than 10 million residents. These cities become the ideal destination for enormous number of workers, tourists, etc.
The challenge that is normally encountered is increasing population growth, this means that there should be an increase of infrastructure to accommodate people. Most of the cities are expanding outwards while other are slightly considering an upward expansion. The new population which is mainly the working class immigrants have occupied places that are developed in the long ago and the people who use to stay in those places have migrated to urban areas. When people in the inner city are migrating to other areas, the buildings which they previously occupied are then neglected. The South African cities should grow upwards because the land value is rapidly increasing.
In the years following the Civil War, America saw a boom in immigration that helped to shape its future as well its major cities. This increase in immigration coincided with the reconstruction of the south, as America began to undergo a shift from a more rural agrarian society to a more industrial based economy. This economic shift lead to large cities forming in and around centers of industry and manufacturing. This would eventually lead to the era known as the industrial revolution. In the time leading up to the industrial revolution in America, most of the populace grew up in towns that were connected by horse travel or waterways.
This essay will focus on the consequences of this population movement and growth, analyzing how this has effected the allocation of electoral districts, the urban-rural political cleavage, and the urbanization of Indigenous people. Urbanization is both the movement of people from urban
1. The urbanization is a crucial process for the development of any society as it allows to make an emphasis on the development of the cities, where a significant amount of financial resources concentrate. The fact that many people moved from the rural areas to the cities in the middle of the 20th century, caused an immense growth of an industry, trade, and business across the country. There are both positive and negative outcomes of the urbanization; however, these outcomes are most commonly referred to as the push-pull factors. Both push and pull factors can be beneficial for particular groups of people while being disadvantaging to the other groups.
As the development of the society and the rise of capitalism, modern cities appeared and urbanization become possible in the United States. Urbanization is “the process through which people migrate from the countryside to urban centers” (Boyle, 311). People move to cities due to various factors, and one of the main reasons is that there are many new opportunities in the urban areas, which attracted people to come. As a result, people could earn money, enjoy better social services, and increase social class at cities. People understood urbanization through urban ecology, which is also an idea from Darwinian “the process through which social groups compete for urban space and shift and sort themselves into different neighborhoods or niches, according
Urbanization is one of the most lasting features caused by the revolution, and its effects can still be seen these days. The trend that can be seen almost anywhere around the world of a higher number of people living in cities than the countryside all started in the Industrial Revolution era. Urbanization is when the population of a certain area move from the rural to the urban area in
Urbanisation, simply defined as an increase in the proportion of people living in cities compared to rural areas , goes therefore hand in hand with economic, political and social developments, also in terms of gender issues. As a consequence, the interest of this dissertation is to enrich our understanding of gender norms by studying with econometric analyses the effect urbanisation might have on these