Endodontics In Dakar

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In its daily practice, the dental surgeon very often uses, to carry out his therapeutics, materials destined not to last in time, ensuring a transition towards the correct execution of treatments. In endodontics, several biomaterials are likely to be used in the treatment of pulpo peri apical diseases. The diversity of proposed biomaterials obliges the practitioner to an analysis of all criteria of selection before laying out the indication of the biomaterial to use. This study aims to analyze the endodontic medication in clinical practice in oral structures in Dakar.
The study was descriptive and cross-sectional and covered all dental surgeons practicing in Dakar (private, public and parapublic).
A little less than ¾ of dental
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Dentistry is a science where the range of materials and tools (equipment) available is sometimes complex and varied. Every day, manufacturers offer a new way to treat patients or reduce working time. The materials used in endodontic practice do not escape this reality [1].
The discipline of dentistry, which deals with the prevention, the diagnosis and the treatment of pulpal pathologies and their periapical complications, is endodontics. The aim of any treatment, in particular in endodontics, is to maintain a tooth in a biological context close to the physiology and thus preventing any development of inflammatory bone disease [2].
To achieve this goal, endodontics is based on two main principles in order to eliminate a dental infection:
- complete cleaning of all necrotic pulp tissue, organic and inorganic debris and any dental tissue infected in the pulp chamber, the pulp canal as well as the immediate adjacent dentine by mechanical chemo-therapy?
- fill-in the residual space as tightly as possible, for a successful treatment, using a wide variety of materials
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Such materials as the Calcium Hydroxide, the Mineral Trioxyde Aggregate MTA®, the EDTA®, the Arsenious Anhydride, the Sodium Hypochlorite, the Pulperyl and Rokle's, the Calcium Hydroxide which is very effective in the healing of peri-apical injuries. The Sodium hypochlorite, the Rockle's and the EDTA are very effective antiseptics in endodontic treatments. The Pulperyl is also a very good sedative. Biomaterials used for these purposes are called provisionary, transitory or temporary. If these three terms refer to the same objectives, that of temporary, by its etymology (of the Latin temporarius), state the notion of limited duration but adapted to therapeutic

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