Abstract Tooth Regeneration is a procedure in the field of stem cell biology. Regenerative medicine has always contributed significantly in the field of dentistry; however, research is still ongoing. Different methods and various types of cells are vital in teeth regeneration. Periodontitis and pulpitis disease destroys teeth with periodontal repair. Various techniques are used to aid in the repair process.
Endodontic therapy involves treating vital and necrotic dental pulps so that patients can retain their natural teeth in function and esthetics. A successful endodontic therapy depends on many factors,among which the most important step is canal preparation as it determines the efficacy of all subsequent procedures . Cleaning pertains to the sufficient removal of debris, bacteria and smear layer from the root canal.3 Debris is defined as dentin chips and residual vital or necrotic pulp tissue attached to the root canal wall. The smear layer is a surface film approximately 1 to 2 μm of dentin particles, residual pulp tissue, and bacterial components that remain on the root canal wall after mechanical instrumentation.3 Therefore proper cleaning is essential in order to provide an adequate seal and to prevent failure.4 The goal
I believe that these five years of dentistry apart from being an exhilarating learning experience has shaped me into who I am today, and has given me a passion to learn. One of the experiences I enjoyed the most during my clinical years was assisting at post graduate clinics of different specialities. It gave me an opportunity to learn something new each time I was assisting. This made me think about applying to a post graduate programme. During this time, I happened to meet a friend who was doing dentistry abroad after finishing her post graduation in India.
Today’s Dentistry not only deals with the dental problems, but also it makes significant improvements in the aesthetics of teeth or gum or thefunctions of the teeth. The cosmetic dental treatment process creates a lot of positive changes on the teeth or gums which ultimately improve the appearance of the teeth. A trained, experienced, and skilled Cosmetic Dentists can help the people to improve their appearance, smile, and confidence. In this modern age,the aesthetic-centered Cosmetic Dentistry is gaining a wide-range of papularity around the world. Glazing: This is meant to close the minute holes on the surface of a fired porcelain.
Different biomaterials have different kinds of applications. Natural or synthetic polymers along with ceramic materials have been widely used (Swetha et al., 2010). In bone tissue engineering, an ideal biomaterial should be both osteoconductive and osteoinductive for effective tissue regeneration. Many biomaterials with osteoconductive or osteoinductive property or both have been identified and widely studied for their application in bone tissue engineering. But how these biomaterials influence the activities of the cells is still an area that has to be explored.
However there are several examples of where these relationships are becoming better understood, as listed below. 1) The use of certain PMT characteristics of porous materials as surfaces on orthopedic implants can encourage tissue in-growth at the surface of the implant and thus result in better integration with the surrounding tissue. 2) The use of material scaffolds and meshes, with certain PMT characteristics, as implants into injured soft or hard tissue can facilitate the beneficial infiltration of certain types of cells which aid the healing process 3) The PMT characteristics of the surfaces of materials used as catheters have a major influence on the adherence of bacteria and proteins to the inner and outer surfaces, which in turn influences the risk of infections and blockages. 4) Alterations to the micro-topography of surfaces, e.g. producing microgrooves or other defined patterns, have been shown to influence the adhesion and direction of movement of certain types of cells on that
3EP3 Term Paper Emerging issues in the field of Geriatrics Merriam-Webster dictionary defines Gerontology as “the comprehensive multidisciplinary study of aging and older adults”. In other words, Gerontology is a study that focuses on old people and their process of aging. Many get confused between Gerontology and Geriatrics. They are two different streams of science. Gerontology, aside from science also incorporates psychology, sociology and other streams of study.
INTRODUCTION The principal goal of the Prosthodontics is to control oral disease while restoring aesthetics and function with durable biocompatible restorations. Knowledge of the responses of periodontal tissues to fixed partial dentures is crucial role in in the development of treatment plans with predictable prognoses. During diagnosis, treatment planning, and active therapy, each patient’s needs must be considered in light of the available evidence, which includes published clinical trials, anecdotal reports from peers, and personal clinical experiences. Critical evaluation of available evidence should be included in the decision-making processes for a predictable result. The fixed partial denture (FPD) is a common treatment available for
In addition to its uses in hard tissue preparation (bone and tooth preparation) and soft tissue surgery, laser treatment in combination with composite or glass ionomer restorations, or in the treatment of hypersensitive teeth are examples of different application areas.4–6 Furthermore, laser is important in canal disinfection and in behavior management in Pediatric Dentistry.7,8 In order to practice laser safely and effectively in different disciplines of Dentistry, it is essential to have a good knowledge of laser physics, laser operation, different types of laser and which type of laser is appropriate for each case. In view of the increasing availability of new technologies in dental practices and the need for more education and training, this survey was conducted to assess the educational level and knowledge of the uses of laser in Dentistry among the final year dental students in Saveetha dental
ABSTRACT This article explains recent advances in the synthesis and characterization of biomaterials. Biomaterial is any matter, surface, or construct that interacts with living systems which is used to do expected activity of the replaced material towards human body. Biomaterials are commonly used to replace any of the traumatized or degenerated tissues or organs. All materials cannot be replaced by traumatized organ of the body, the material should poses good characteristics towards bio compatibility and host response. Bio compatibility and host response both refers to response of host organism towards the replaced materials.