Background and Significance of the Study Moral integrity is the key ingredients and navigator in professional nurses that lead to ultimate goal of nursing care. It has been recognized as a fundamental part of professional nurses’ practice (Ulrich et al, 2010; Pavlish et al, 2012). Professional nurses play the largest role to support the need for individualized treatment of the patient. The goals of the profession of nursing are related to ethical and involve protecting patients from harm while providing care that is the most benefit for the patient (Bosek, 2009; Kopala&Burkhart, 2005; Helft, 2011; Susan, 2013,). Nowadays, professional nurses have encountered to face and manage with moral problem that occur from complexity of patient health problems, advances in technology, inappropriate of health care system, policies and priorities that conflict with care needs, inadequate staffing and increased turnover, or lack of administrative support (Brazil et al. 2010; Eizenberg et al. 2009; Elpern et al. 2005; Epstein, 2008; Gutierrez, 2005; Peter, 2008; Radzvin, 2010; Redman and Fry, 2000; Solomon et al. 2005; Sporrong et al. 2006; Wigglelon et al 2010). The goals of nursing profession are involve ethical and protecting patients from harm (Kopala& Burkhart, 2005). It is looking at or investigating certain issues about human ability that concerned what ought to be, what is right, or wrong. Nurses have to face with patients, families, physicians, and other professionals who are a
Ethics is very important in nursing practice and involves respect and advocacy for the needs of the patient. Both, ethics and honesty have major impact on patient safety. Another core value is autonomy. Autonomy is demonstrated when the nurse supports independent decision making and respects the patient`s right to self-determine the course of action. Human dignity is another core value in nursing practice.
In nursing, a significant amount of professionalism is required when working with patients and their families. In addition, ethical principles and moral values are dynamic and appropriate attributes which a nurse needs to implement in order to ensure quality and standard healthcare service delivery. Professionalism impacts positively on the knowledge and attitude of the nurse which enables the realization of the patient's satisfaction. Furthermore, professionalism impacts on the attitude which is ideal and it is highly of importance as it strengthens good healthcare standards and compliance of
In this discussion, I will be identifying the nine provisions of the American Nurses Association (ANA) Code of Ethics for Nurses. Furthermore, I will describe each provision in my own words. According to the American Nurses Association (2015), the Code of Ethics was established to be a guide for “carrying out nursing responsibilities in a manner consistent with quality in nursing care and the ethical obligations of the profession”. In my own words, I believe that the ANA Code of Ethics can be described as an ethical network of values and obligations that nurses must abide by to protect the public and produce the best quality care. In total, there are nine provisions found within the American Nurses Association Code of Ethics for Nurses.
Ethics serve as a guide for moral and ethical conduct and thus treat people with dignity, respect and uniqueness regardless of age, sex, color or religion. Also adhere to their job description and within the nation’s healthcare workforce. Surveys from several nursing specializations reported that there is no differences in
Description of an Ethical Dilemma According to Masters (2015), “An ethical dilemma is a situation in which an individual is compelled to make a choice between two actions that will affect the well-being of a sentient being, and both actions can be reasonably justified as being good, neither actions is readily justifiable as good, or the goodness of the actions is uncertain” (p. 129). In practice, nurses are continually faced with varying ethical issues and dilemmas. When making day-to-day decision nurses must rely on their critical thinking skills to aid in their decision-making (Masters, 2015). Ethical decisions originate from well thought out findings constructed from the following variables: personal and professional values, competencies,
As a nurse, it is our duty and obligation to give the best optimal care to our patients. Therefore, it is also our duty to protect our patients from being harmed by sub-optimal care done by our fellow healthcare professionals. Therefore, ethical dilemmas arise when an ethical principle is breached, especially when there is potential harm to patients. CASE STUDY:
The code of ethics for nurses with interpretive statements provides the ethical standard for the profession and guide the nurses in ethical analysis and decision-making. The code of ethics discourses individual as well as collective nursing intentions requires each nurse to show ethical competence in professional life. The values and obligations expresses in the code of ethics for nurses apply to nurse in all roles, in all forms of practice and in all settings. The code of ethics for nurses consists of nine provisions and the accompanying interpretive statements. The provision three states that the nurse promotes, advocates for, and protects the rights, health and safety of the patient.
All nurses should take positive actions to help their patients and to have the desire to do good. On the other hand, nonmaleficence is the core of the nursing ethics and it revolves around the idea that nurses have to remain competent in their field as to avoid causing injury or harm to patients. Nonmaleficence also requires all health care professionals to report any suspected abuse. The last ethical principle is justice. This ethical principle revolves around the idea that all patients must be treated equally and fairly.
Nursing is a multidimensional profession, and nurses themselves are continuously faced with confronting a variety of ethical dilemmas within their practice each and every day. These dilemmas can arise from situations involving colleges, governing parties, clients or the family of clients. It can be difficult to differentiate morality from ethics, as they both go hand in hand. Morals involve the principles of what an individual believes is right or wrong, and depicts how they factor what is good or bad (Burkhardt, Nathaniel & Walton, 2014). On the other hand, ethics is a moral principle where an individual uses thought processing and decision making to gauge a situation (Burkhardt, Nathaniel & Walton, 2014).).
A nurse must keep up to date on education and new processes in health-care, so they can provide the best care. As a nurse, you have promised to give each of your patients the best care that can possibly be given. Nurses must follow a code of ethics, to act safely, provide ethical care no matter how they feel about the patient or the reason they are in your care. Following this code of ethics shows your commitment to caring for people and society, it is a guide of ethics and standards to follow to keep everyone safe. Nursing is also a wonderful opportunity to meet hundreds of people from almost every nationality and every walk of life.
Every nursing, in order to consider the profession must have an understanding of at least three of the five professional values, in my opinion. These values consist of altruism, autonomy, human dignity, integrity and social justice (Taylor 96). Beginning with the professional value of Altruism, the believe in or practice and self concern for the well-being of others (96). I believe that in order to be the best nurse you can be for your patients, you must understand the concept of altruism. As a nurse, your profession is to take care of people, if you do not know the professional value of altruism than you cannot possibly understand how important it is to care about the wellbeing of your patient.
Utilitarianism and Deontology are two major ethical theories that influence nursing practice. Utilitarian principles of promoting the greatest good for the greatest amount of people parallels the nursing tenet of beneficence. Deontological principles of treating individuals with dignity, and promoting the well-being of the individual parallels the nursing tenet of non-maleficence. Utilitarian and Deontological principles can be utilized to resolve ethical dilemmas that arise in the nursing profession. The purpose of this paper is to define utilitarianism and deontology, discuss the similarities and differences between the two, and to address an ethical dilemma utilizing utilitarian and deontological principles.
In this time of sensational change, the issue of disregarding morals or qualities to accomplish here and now objectives emerges. Training foundations are influenced by this issue, too. It is now realized that ethical qualities start to create in the family and in the establishments in which formal instruction is given. Managing individuals, nursing depends on moral applications and values by nature.
Introduction Advance practice nurses are role are listed in literature and on the job but the truth is that it does not fall into a perfect world and everything goes as what is on paper. The job description and literature are guidelines for which advance nurses should try and follow the best way they can, but there are many circumstances that do not fall just as the book mention it would. People are not robot so you never can tell how exactly a patient is going to react. However, guidelines are there for a reason.