Importance Of Public Speaking

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1.1 Background of the study
It is common to communicate with others while living in a society. In the process of communication, it is necessary to use language as a medium. Language can be used in two different ways. These two ways are called directly and indirectly. In direct way of using language, there is no arbitrator between the participants and it is called spoken language. Spoken language is a kind of communication from one person to another and language is constructed by the organs of human being and pronounced through the mouth. So constructing words and phrases which are managed systematically and in order, called utterance. Face to face communication is one example of spoken language. On the other hand, indirect
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Public means to deal with the people around us. On the other hand speaking means talk about some specific topic that is one of the important ways of communication. So public speaking is described as a medium of communication. In public speaking discussion is about some specific topic which people wants to listen.
While talking about public speaking, there comes a lot of definition in the mind, but common definition about public speaking is only one that is an address or speech in front of public. Speaking in front of public is most important element for the people. All fields of life either it is teaching, learning, promoting or present something in public, it is necessary that a speaker must be able to talk in an effective way. That is why speaking is much important. Through public speaking, public (people) learn a person’s point of view, his future planning and concepts and his ideas.
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Politics has both wide and narrow senses. Politics is conceived of as a struggle to gain and retain power among members of these institutions (Beard, 2000: 36). According to Bayley (2008), political discourse is a wide and diverse set of discourses, or genres, or registers, such as policy researches, ministerial speeches, government press releases or press conferences, parliamentary discourse, party manifestos (or platforms), electoral speeches, and so forth.
There has been extensive research made on the critical discourse analysis. CDA essentially deals ‘with analysing opaque as well as transparent structural relationships of dominance, discrimination, power and control as manifested in language’. This implies that CDA is concerned with the link between language and society. It views language as a form of social action. It explicates the function of language in foregrounding social relations and beliefs. identifies a number of principles for critical discourse analysis described by Fairclough and Wodak (1997) which
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