Death penalty is a capital punishment;it is used today and was also used during ancient times to penalize people with a variety of offenses. Due to the alarming upsurge of heinous crimes which has resulted not only in the loss of human lives and wanton destruction of property but also affected the states’ efforts towards sustainable economic development and prosperity while at the same time has undermined the people’s faith in the Government and the latter’s ability to maintain peace and order in the country, death penalty is proposed to be imposed. The Philippines was the first Asian country that abolished the death penalty in 1987. But six years after it has reemployed the death penalty, the Philippines have overtaken its Asian neighbours and have the most number of death convicts. The repeal of death penalty came about with promulgation of a new Constitution after the ouster of the Marcos dictatorship.
The maximum ‘sentence’ two weeks that is too short to prove the ‘point’. The conditions were too minimal to provide a meaningful analogue to the existing prisons. Conclusion This experiment was very educative and informative study which is a simulation of the prison life in most prisons in the world today, were the subjects have been made to understand that they have no human rights as they deserve such hostile treatments. I recall in my country we could witness prisoners being carried in a “caged” trucks transporting them to go and work on people’s private farms, and they pay money to the administrators of these institutions so called rehabilitation centers were prisoner are subjected under very hard conditions thinking they are shaping their behaviors positively .In line with this pattern of thought, it’s not enough to say that only prisoners are responsible for the undesirable conditions in the prison but also the administrators
The rules say that if there’s a third transgression, he simply has to be released,’” (Lowry 9). This quote states how harsh his community can be when rules are broken. Unlike in Jonas’s society, America today has more freedom and death penalty only for serious crimes. In The Giver, the narrator states, “Rules were very hard to change. Sometimes, if it was a very important rule-unlike the one governing the age for bicycles- it would have to go, eventually, to The Receiver for a decision.
After reading both articles about incarceration, I am in more support of the article The Greatest Correctional Myth: Winning the War on Crime Through Incarceration. There are many reasons as to why I chose to support the claims made in this article. Firstly, almost everyone who has been previously incarcerated or is currently incarcerated will eventually be released back into society. With that being said, the way our correctional system is set up is not beneficial for those released convicts. Having individuals locked up and hidden from society is not the right way to go about punishment.
It also accentuates the importance for the justice system of protecting and serving the public through crime reduction. Crime control 'values' include the notion that that those thought to be guilty may be pursued regardless of the rules that may be in place for protecting the rights of suspects. The conviction of the innocent is accepted because the ultimate goal of convicting the guilty overrides civil liberties. The crime control model is considered to be a conservative approach to crime that focuses on protecting society from criminals by regulating criminal conduct and justice. Moreover, this model stresses strict and swift punishment for crimes; in return, this strict adherence benefits society by striking fear in criminals because they will be harshly punished.
The difference is that while utilitarian seeks to discourage wrongdoing, retributive theory seeks to punish offenders because they deserve to be punished. In this case, X committed a crime and should be duly punished but there is also a need to discourage her from committing any more crime especially by addressing the underlying causes of her committing crime. According to utilitarian theories, laws are made to bring happiness to the society. This means that crime and punishment should be kept minimum to ensure there is happiness in the society. The activities of X are criminal and caused sadness to the family of student L. Even though a crime free society does not exist, punishment must be inflicted on wrong doers in order discourage
The penalties for violations of the laws in Hammurabi's Code, the most well known of early legal codes, were almost exclusively centered on the concept of lex talionis ("the law of retaliation") where people were punished as a form of vengeance, often by the victims themselves. This notion of punishment as vengeance or retaliation can also be found in many other legal codes from early civilizations, including the ancient Sumerian codes, the Indian Manama Dharma Astra, the Hermes Trismegistus of Egypt, and the Mosaic Code. The philosophy for prison as punishment has changed and evolved a lot over the times. To understand the rationale for prison, it is important to first analyze the philosophies and justification for punishment, as one provides the back support for the other. There are two main theories which advocate punishment for the sake of punishment, and place their emphasis on the purpose of prisons as deterrence rather than
With supermax prison, many feel that they need in order to help with prison overcrowding and maintaining control over inmates that are a threat to the security as well as staff and other inmates. “The Federal Bureau of Prisons returned to the idea of controlling the most violent and disruptive inmates in indefinite solitary confinement when it opened Alcatraz in 1934”(Schmalleger & Smykla, 2015). Over the years it was “judged as an expensive failure, it symbolized a penal philosophy that was outdated in an era that espoused rehabilitation, not punishment, as a goal of incarceration”(Schmalleger & Smykla, 2015). Following these issues, it was later closed. Although some felt that these behaviors came from the long-term segregation some argued
PsPsychologists working in prisons apply psychological principles within a correctional setting to deal with a complex web of problems. The main function of sentencing an offender to prison is to protect society by removing the criminal from the streets and punishing him for his acts. This function is referred to as the function of ‘incapacitation’. This function seems to be in sync with the image of a prisoner who is seen as cold, abusive, harsh and dangerous. However, for a psychologist even prisoners need to be treated humanely, need to reformed and re-integrated with society.
Later on several committees were appointed in 1836, 1838, 1844, and in 1889 and 1892. These committees recommended separation of juveniles from adult prisoners and educational facilities. In ancient and medieval age, the system of isolation of anti - social person / criminals was complete annihilation. But in modern age the philosophy of punishment has got a new dimension .Criminals are the product of social structure, economic condition and legal complexity. The poor opportunities of jobs are also responsible to arrive criminals among the students and unemployed.