The malpractice of doctors during the 19th century foreshadows the horrific human experimentation conducted by Nazi Germany medical experts during World War Two. The Second World War is distinguished by the mass murder of millions of European Jews. This genocide was conducted by Adolf Hitler, and it is primarily characterized by the utilization of those in concentration camps for medical experiments. Doctors in the 1800s lacked the knowledge of medicine and availability of modern technology to provide beneficial diagnoses and perform the most appropriate treatment. This lack of expertise lead to curiosity and eventually experimentation. The Holocaust marked a period of time in which people within the medical field attempted to ignore moralistic …show more content…
Dana Franklin, the narrator of Kindred, consistently and involuntarily travels back in time from the 1970s to the early 1800s whenever Rufus fears for his life. Because the 1800s mark a period of time in which slavery was very prominent, Dana is treated as and plays the role of the average slave woman whenever she is forced back to Rufus’ time. During “The Storm,” Dana finds Rufus laying face down in a puddle of rain. She is instructed to look after Rufus and treat his illness. Because of her relatively advanced knowledge of medicine, when compared to the knowledge of medical professionals during the 19th century, she has the ability to treat Rufus in a more appropriate and effective manner. She quickly realizes that he has malaria. Nigel, a slave at the Weylin Plantation, informs Dana that Rufus has contracted malaria before, but Tom Weylin, Rufus’ father and current owner of the plantation, refuses to call a doctor because “all the [doctor] knows is bleeding and blistering and purging and puking and making [people] sicker than they [were to begin with]” (Butler 202). Dana manages to help Rufus overcome his illness simply with aspirins and time. While she is taking care of Rufus, she also discovers that Alice Greenwood, a slave who is forced into becoming Rufus’ concubine, has lost two children because of the malpractice of medical professionals during the time. Rufus allows the doctor to bleed and purge the two children in hopes of reducing their fevers; unfortunately, this results in the death of their two children (Butler
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The science-fiction novel Kindred, written by Octavia E. Butler, is an extremely dramatic and fascinating novel that revolves around Dana, an African American writer living in California in the year 1976 and her mysterious trips to pre-Civil War Maryland. How she is being sent back to that time are unknown, but after the first few trips, she realizes she is being sent back to ensure that her bloodline continues; and this begins with saving a young, white boy named Rufus. This novel forces to reader to be in Dana’s thoughts and actions all the time, as it is written in first person from her point of view. She encounters terrible and repulsive treatments of African American slaves in her trips back, and she is horrified of it. Her “innocence”
They would take twins, some as young as five years old,and killed them after their experimentation and their bodies were dissected. Doctors in the death camps would drop chemicals into the child’s eyes to see if they would change color, (“Holocaust-Medical Experiments). More experiments that were done to twins would be when they sewed them together,to make Siamese twins, but their hands would get infected, and they were later gassed. The would perform surgeries without anesthesia.
Both Rufus and his father are products of the environment and the time in which they live. They both conform to survive in an environment that requires little compassion for the slaves they own. Tom Weylin recognizes the threat that Dana’s education poses and punishes her for taking the spelling book and reading (Butler 106).
Did you know that some prisoners in concentration camps during WWII were subjected to serious, and sometimes fatal medical experiments done on them? There are three different categories of medical experiments. These experiments were only done to help the Nazis survive during that time. Hitler was originally the one who gave the german physicians permission to do these horrific experiments on innocent people.
Despite the progress in medicine, doctors from the early 20th century and later neglected the rights of their patients and simply focused on research. Carrels work with the Nazis and the Jewish doctors refusal to work with Southam as a result of the Nuremberg Trials serve to strengthen Skloot’s point. While some doctors sought to be ethical in their work and uphold the guidelines for cell ethics, as a whole the standards are not upheld. This too ties back to the stories of Mo and HeLa, where their cells were taken and used in these unethical manners that Skloot so detests, and they are woven together in such a way that each story lends a historical basis to the next. In her writing, Skloot provides the details of the lack of cell ethics present in early cell research and makes evident the lack of growth in that part of the field.
The year was 1939 in Nazi Germany, and Hitler had officially taken control. Hitler had succeeded in convincing the German people that the Jews were to blame for the loss of World War One. The first genocide of the 1900’s had begun, and Dr. Josef Mengele wanted a part in the action. In the town of Günzburg, Germany Josef Mengele was born on March 16, 1911 (Museum).
Let us begin with George, Celia’s understandably treacherous slave lover, and his unreasonable demands that set Celia’s case into motion. George’s actions are an example of the common frustration and desperation of slave men who had no control over the sexual abuse of their loved ones by white masters (McLaurin 139-140). His was a reaction to a smoldering attack upon his masculinity, an attack that was a direct result of the dehumanization upon which slavery rested. Because the South was a slave society, this master-slave relationship structure echoed throughout every other aspect of southern life (Faragher, 204 & 215). In Celia’s case, we see this truth through Virginia and Mary Newsom’s position of powerlessness.
The novel "Kindred" raises the question of the limits of human morality, particularly in the face of a society that condones slavery and encourages hate crimes against black people. In the story, “Kindred” the reader experiences the harsh setting of a society with slavery from the perspective of a black woman named Dana who experiences and watches horrid actions being committed against her fellow kind. The author uses a wide, detailed variety of southern gothic elements such as violence, broken characters and decay to fully bring out the themes of Family & Love, the History of Slavery, and the Corrupt influence of power. The title, “Kindred” itself means Family, which is the main theme the author wants to convey with her realistic details
Josef Mengele: Nazi Surgeon Doctors are thought of as kind, hardworking, and loving individuals. However, Nazi physician, Josef Mengele, is an exception. He began his reign of terror in 1943 after arriving at the infamous concentration camp, Auschwitz. Although the carnage he brought with him lasted approximately two years, his actions would set in motion the horrors that were illustrated in Elie Wiesel’s famous novel, Night.
The Holocaust is a shining example of Anti-Semitism at its best and it was no secret that the Nazis tried to wipe out the Jews from Europe but the question is why did the Nazis persecute the Jews and how did they try to do it. This essay will show how the momentum, from a negative idea about a group of people to a genocide resulting in the murder of 6 million Jews, is carried from the beginning of the 19th Century, with pseudo-scientific racial theories, throught the 20th century in the forms of applied social darwinism and eugenics(the display of the T4 programme), Nazi ideas regarding the Jews and how discrimination increased in the form of the Nuremberg Laws , Kristallnacht, and last but not least, The Final Solution. Spanning throughout the 19th century, racial theories were seen. Pseudo-Scientific theories such as Craniometry,where the size of one’s skull determines one’s characteristics or could justifies one’s race( this theory was used first by Peter Camper and then Samuel Morton), Karl Vogt’s theory of the Negro race being related to apes and of how Caucasian race is a separate species to the Negro race, Arthur de Gobineau’s theory of how miscegenation(mixing or interbreeding of different races) would lead to the fall of civilisation.
How does this relate to the Holocaust where almost 8 million Jewish people died? In this essay, you will be informed about the main leader of the Nazis, why saying that Hitler only captured Jews is historically inaccurate, concentration camp treatment, and five atrocious experiments done by the Nazi soldiers to innocent prisoners. Adolf Hitler Adolf Hitler was born in Austria on April 20, 1889. He’d always been a churlish student who was always the leader of
Introduction: During the Holocaust, many people suffered from the despicable actions of others. These actions were influenced by hatred, intolerance, and anti-semitic views of people. The result of such actions were the deaths of millions during the Holocaust, a devastating genocide aimed to eliminate Jews. In this tragic event, people, both initiators and bystanders, played major roles that allowed the Holocaust to continue. Bystanders during this dreadful disaster did not stand up against the Nazis and their collaborators.
Dr. Josef Mengele Dr. Mengele was a doctor during the holocaust, he conducted multiple “experiments” on his “patients”. Mengele would put needles in eyes and sew individuals together. Dr. Mengele was a terrible man. Dr. Mengele’s family wasn’t the reason he grew up to be evil. Josef Mengele was the child of Karl and Walburga Mengele.
Analyzing Character Development: Dana Octavia Butler’s novel, Kindred, provides a unique look into slavery in the antebellum South through the eyes of Edana Franklin, a black woman living in the late 20th century, who is suddenly sent through time to the early 19th century where she is suddenly faced with the task of protecting her ancestor, Rufus, from many dangers in order to ensure her existence in the present. Dana begins her adventure with no knowledge of how or why she has been given this responsibility and, as a result, must adapt to her new and unfamiliar surroundings. As the novel progresses, the reader sees Dana’s internal battle with herself as she decides whether or not Rufus is worth saving, or if she should let Rufus die