The Trail of Tears left by the Cherokee Indians “Our nation was born in genocide when it embraced the doctrine that the original American, the Indian, was an inferior race.” -― Martin Luther King Jr The Trail of Tears helped the Manifest Destiny and Westward Expansion lead to the Civil War in many ways. The Trail of Tears caused more tension to rise in the United States. Native Americans became angry and lost trust in the American governmentbecause the settlers forced and physically moved them out of their homes. The Trail of Tears helps the Manifest Destiny because it is mainly the idea that moving west will bring more comfort and new riches to the settlers. This is major expansion westward.
The natives would have to voluntarily give their land to the White Americans without conflict. There was so such right or leniency for anyone, even the president, to forcefully take land. The president and the government ignored the letter of the law and took native land by force. The Choctaw nation was the first nation to be expelled from their land altogether, In the middle of winter, the people from the Choctaw were made to walk to the Indian Territory. The U.S. Army was on the verge of invading them.
Andrew Jackson disobeyed a direct order from the Supreme Court, which it means he was above the law. I really wonder how Americans tolerated him, at that time, he was cruel to the Indian common man. Because of him, the Native Americans have the worst end of the Trail of Tears. They are the ones who are forced out of their traditional homes and sent away on a journey of pain and death. Those who had fallen ill, most of the time died, and those who had the will to move on were able to make it to the end and start new lives.
Creating a string of event After the Civil War, where the United States relocated most American Indians west of the Mississippi River due to an act signed by President Andrew Jackson called the idiom removal act. Making them able to get the resources they sought out. US government forced Native American tribes to live in certain areas called Indian Reservations exchange for living on the reservation; tribes were often paid some money called an annuity. The natives faced many economic issues on the reservation. Nomadic tribes lost their entire means of subsistence by being constricted to a defined area.
Stand Waite who was one of the tribe leaders chose to stay with the confederacy down to the last man. Colorado volunteers slaughtered over 200 Black Kettle Cheyennes even knowing the Cheyennes were willing to come to an agreement with the government. The Red River War was were the Natives were truly broken in 1874-1875. This war was were some of the major battles ensued. Just like the battle of Washita which was a very bloody battle that was more of a slaughter than a battle.
Soldiers escorted the natives to their new territory. Thousands of Cherokees died on the journey to their destination due to harsh conditions, “whooping cough, typhus, dysentery, cholera and starvation”. Protection of territory was promised to them but later ended in 1907 when Oklahoma became a state. The Indian territories have completely disappeared. America desired more land and spread of influence.
In this treaty, he took the word of several unelected people of the Cherokee Nation as an agreement on behalf of all of them, because it fit his desires. This treaty broke all former promises to Native Americans that they would be able to stay on what little land they had left. Consequently, they were marched 800 miles across harsh terrain in horrible conditions, dying by the thousands, despite promises that the trek would be made safe. This journey would come to be known as The Trail of Tears. As a result, Native Americans no longer had access to their hunting grounds, their sacred spaces, or the land they were familiar with.
But the actual policy of the administration was to encouraged removal by all possible means, fair or foul. Jackson as usual spoke publicly in a tone of friendship and concern for Indian welfare. In a letter of instruction to an agent who was to visit the Choctaws on October 1829 (evened before the Removal Act was passed) he outlined the message from “their father,” the President, urging them to emigrate. The threats were veiled. “They and my white children are too near each other to live in harmony and peace.” The state of Mississippi had the right to extend a burden--some jurisdiction over them, and “the general government will be obliged to sustain the States in the exercise of their right.” He, as President, could be their friend only if they removed beyond the Mississippi, where they should have a “land of their own, which they shall possess as long as Grass grows or water runs ...and I never speak with forked tongue.” A harsh policy was nevertheless; quickly put in place.
We had nothing the rest of that night we all became cold and hungry children younger than i were freezing to death at it was that day our Chief decide he must end this war that next day it was warm with rays of sun peeking through the clouds, Chief Joseph said to the leader of the U.S army ,“My heart is sick and sad. From where the sun now stands, I will fight no more forever”.That's what ended the Nez Perce War of 1877. I will never forget theses days of hardship losing my loved ones and home. They took us to new reservation i'm not all happy here but i still have Yellowstone to keep me company during hard
Growing down south was a problem because Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, Chickasaw and Seminole were settled there. Americans were desperate to expand so the citizens convinced the federal government into acquiring Indian territory. In 1830, president Jackson persuaded a new piece of legislation called the "Indian Removal Act" through both houses of Congress. It gave the president