From the 1880s to the 1930s, Japan and India both endured increase in the use of machines in the textile industry. Both countries had similar recruitment techniques, but differed greatly in the type of workers, and the conditions of which they worked in. One similarity between the Japanese and Indian mechanization is their use of farmers. Farmers were hired to increase the production while they were also cheap and desperate for income. A Japanese industrialist stated (document 5) that they are able to pay farmer workers for little to nothing because when they come to the city “all he or she has to do is earn enough to maintain his or her own living.” The Japanese were able to take advantage of this cheap source of labor. In addition, the British …show more content…
The Indian textiles chart (document 1) shows how India used more machines to increase yarn and cloth production in 1914 as opposed to 1884. The chart shows how machine-spun yarn, in addition to the amount of the amount of machine produced cloth is quickly gaining the amount of handwoven yarn, which shows how the uses of machines in the textile industry are increasing. An Indian Economist (document 6) in 1996 talks of how handweavers are unable to compete with the machine-made cloth producers, and is therefore rapidly declining. This shows India’s step towards a more efficient mechanized cloth industry. Compared with India’s cloth textiles, Japan’s chart of cotton yarn (document 2) shows that Japan is rapidly producing in the textile industry because of the pounds of cotton and yarn made. This is resulted from the increased use of machines in the Japanese textile …show more content…
Documents 10 and 8 are both pictures of an Indian and a Japanese textile mill. The Indian mill (document 10) shows all male workers, indication that many more males worked in Indian textile mills than females did. However, in contrast to India, the Japanese mill (document 8) shows numerous females working in the mills and only a few men, indicating that Japan was actually the opposite of India and had more female than male workers. A comparative chart of female workers in the two countries (document 7) shows that less than a quarter of Indian textile laborers were female whereas more than three quarters of laborers were female in Japan. This gap could be a result of plain availability but it could also be a result from the Hindu religion which suppressed women from working in jobs. The chart also shows that the percentage of of Indian female workers goes down at the same time as the Japanese percentage slightly increases. This shows the difference of workers between India and Japan. Document 4 also provides a well written source concerning the high percentage of female workers in Japanese mills. The document states that the female laborers were a great salvation for poor peasant
public support war industries board was the regulatory body of production. WIB encouraged companies to use mass production techniques to increase production . from the outbreak of the war america stood neutral until 1917.one 's America got into the war people had special days such as meatless monday and many more, these actions were voluntary, most people did them because they were technically helping friends, family, etc,
In Document B the women in the okaya plant got about 8 hours of free time since they worked from 4:30 in the morning to 7:30 at night. The eight hours they did get would have to be used to sleep. The eight hours of free time is only if the plant was not busy if it was busy they would get only 6 hours since work was from 4:30 am to 10:00 pm. Than for every two weeks the workers worked they got only 1 holiday day off. Also in japan there were no weekends so these people would work everyday till a holiday arrived.
Agriculture changed from subsistence to for-profit based around 30 million pounds of tobacco. F. Women and the Family 1. The ratio of women to men was obnoxiously high 2. Women’s rights were not assumed from Indian culture, they were less important.
From the 1700s to the 1900s, dramatic political, social, technological, and economic changes were made. Along with the scientific, political, and agricultural revolutions of the 18th and 19th centuries came the Industrial Revolution. Beginning in the 1750s, manufacturing began to revolutionize in England. A transition to using coal as the primary energy source generated a plethora of technological advancements. Factories became the dominant source of produced goods.
Because of education the amount of jobs for citizens has increased, people get to choose their own path. Some may say that the paying system for males to females was unfair then and still unfair now. But truth be told the reason the men got paid more during the Industrial Revolution was because their work involved a ton of manual labor. Document eleven (pg 12) shows the men’s work compared to the women’s. Men: mill manager, mechanics and engine driver, carpenters and blacksmiths, winders, spindle cleaners/sweepers, machinery attendants, etc.
With the Industrial Revolution spreading throughout the world in the 1800s, it had a big impact on Japan. One of their biggest advancements were silk factories due to the rise of the new textile industry. Silk factories became a known place for many girls and women to work. Many of the costs and benefits of working there are arguable from pay to how the women were being treated. While some people believe that the wages given to female workers in Japanese Silk Factories were beneficial, it was not worth the low pay, excessive labor, or the working conditions.
From the 1880s to the 1930s, the cotton service in Japan and India went through the process of mechanization. Although both Japan and India gave low wages to workers and used their machines more for production, there were more female workers in Japan while India used mostly men. However, Japan had worse factory conditions. Documents 3, 5, and 9 show the low wages the factory workers received in Japan and India during this time. Document 3 is the point of view of two Japanese women who recall their childhoods being factory workers.
All the work is done by the natives, but the foreigners take all the wealth of the colonies. Japan was isolated nation. When Japan was isolated nation, they didn’t have advance technologies and had limited resources because of their geographic feature. After 1853, they had contact with the western and they become modernized nations by adopting
When Japan and India began to mechanize their cotton industries between the 1880s and 1930s, several similarities and differences surfaced. Both Japan and India’s cotton yarn productions began to increase rapidly, workers in both countries faced similar poor working conditions, and the transaction of workers going from rural to urban areas were protruding. However, both countries contained a difference in the type of workers in the cotton industry workforce as well as the displacement of skilled Indian workers as opposed to Japanese workers. (Thesis) In the mechanization of the cotton industry, Japan and India similarly shared their ways of production in which they both had rapid growth with machine-made cotton between the 1880s and the 1930s
I think that English textile factories were bad for the health of the working class families because in Documents A and C it says that Children were getting hurt constantly, were beaten, over worked, and never had time to eat In document C, John Barley was abused and when someone came to interview them, they had to lie about their treatment , he also worked long hours and their breakfast was very little. When Birley was abused, his boss thought he was dead. When he went to go hit Birley, he quickly put his arm up to protect his head and his boss hit him with all his might. John had A broken elbow and marks. He said “ I bear the marks, and suffer pain from it to this day, and always shall as long as I live…” They also never got fed properly
“As the Industrial Revolution spread to the United States, plants such as this textile factory appeared.” (Document 3) Textile factories were a big part in the rapid growth in product production. Textile factories produced clothing and other items that required cloth or cotton. If textile mills weren’t around then the U.S. would have to import all of these items making the economy go down. “In the graphic showing different methods of manufacturing, the cars were being made faster than anywhere else allowing the U.S. to export more than import.”
The industrial revolution was an impactful era for humanity’s advancement, all over the world. People becamse eager to find faster and easier ways of doing everyday tasks, and began inventing in the 1760’s. England was the first to begin the textile revolution, which was the mass production of cloth in mills and factories. The role of women in the textile industry was significant because of their agility and smaller hands. Soon after England’s revolution, Japan followed along, about a century later in the late 1800’s; through their emperor:
“Much of the blame heaped on the captains of industry in the late 19th century is unwarranted.” (Document F). The Gilded Age was a time where the U.S. economy grew very quickly and rapidly, due to the inventive minds and entrepreneurs of that time; but it has different perspectives of opinions in history today. This era led the U.S. to its state and place in the present world, thanks to its important contributors, (who are involved in the main debate of whether they were robber barons, unethical men who yearn for money, or captains of industry, leaders who add positive ideas and methods to benefit their country.) The industrial leaders of the Gilded Age are captains of industry, worthy of some gratitude and credit for how our society’s structure
The social stigma that women are housekeepers and should be confined to the four walls of the house is perhaps a viable cause of gender disparity. They should not raise their voice regarding their fortune for the sake of the prestige of the family. In patriarchal society a lot of weightage is given to men.” The root cause of gender inequality in Indian society lies in its patriarchy system.