Jawaharlal Nehru's Impact On India

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The impact of Jawaharlal Nehru’s social policies on Indian society
To what extent did Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru’s social policies with regard to women and religious groups impact Indian society?

Name: Naintara Maira
IB Candidate Number: 000220-0024

Advisors Name: Mrs. Vera Garg
Extended Essay in History Word Count: 3711

American Embassy School
New Delhi, India

Abstract This research consists of to what extent did Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru’s social policies with regard to women and religious groups impacted Indian society? Jawaharlal Nehru, the first prime minster, the father of modern India. This paper will outline the conditions and important events impacting the women and religious groups prior
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“In his presidential address to the Lahore Congress in 1929, Nehru admitted that although he was born a Hindu, he does not know how far he is justified in calling himself one, or speaking on behalf of the Hindus” (Nanda). Although Nehru did not refer to himself as part of one specific religious group he did support others of all religious groups. In 1954, “Nehru had written in his last will and testament: “I do not want any religious ceremonies performed for me after my death. I do not believe in any such ceremonies … My desire to have a handful of my ashes thrown into the Ganga at Allahabad has no religious significance, so far as I am concerned… I have been attracted to the Ganga and Yamuna Rivers in Allahabad ever since my childhood” (Wolpert).
Nehru believed in having what most would refer to as a religious connection to the rivers at Allahabad. He did not believe this to be a religious belief or connection. His belief of religion also impacted Indian society. “Nehru’s view became vital in judging his government’s policies” (Spear). “No Brahmin can receive election today without low caste votes. Caste groupings are in many areas being exploited as ready-made political machines with the result that the massive electorate of mainly illiterate voters has been showing unexpected life” (Spear). This is saying that it was Nehru that championed this. Some could say he helped and others say he did the
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“Equal rights for all meant not only the outcasts or Harijians as Gandhi taught, but the regular castes as well and women as well as men. He saw socialism as the control of capital in the national interest rather than as the imposition of authority on private enterprise. He was thus an enemy of privilege of every kind and a believer in social control rather than dictation” (Spear). Nehru’s wishes came true because it is what Indian society is today. Jawaharlal Nehru impacted the way Indian society is today especially towards women and religious groups. Jawaharlal Nehru was able to transform India ruled by the British to an independent India with its own social policies that benefited all citizens no matter gender, age or

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