Author John M. Barry, in The Great Influenza, claims that scientists must embrace uncertainty and doubt their ideas in order to be successful in their research. To support his claim, he first states that “uncertainty creates weakness”, then lists the traits required by scientists (including curiosity and creativity), and finally explains that experiments must be made to work by the investigator. The purpose of this is to further support his claim in order to encourage readers to embrace uncertainty because certainty creates something to lean on, while uncertainty forces one to manipulate experiments to produce answers. Barry adopts a formal tone to appeal to a worldwide audience, specifically those interested in scientific research, by using
In John M. Barry’s “The Great Influenza” scientific research is made out to be a process based off gaining knowledge in fields that have little base knowledge and then cooperating with other researchers in order to either further develop from that point or to further validate the current idea. Barry supports this ideal through his extended metaphor, parallelism, and the exemplification.
The purpose of Rebecca Skloot’s book, “The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks,” is to tell the story of Henrietta Lacks, her illness, and how she completely changed science without even knowing it. Henrietta Lacks, a name that had been known to the world only as HeLa up until recent years; the first two letters of a name that belonged to a poor African American tobacco farmer. Henrietta Lacks was a woman who died of cervical cancer in 1951 and HeLa, the line of cells taken from Henrietta that were the first line of cells to reproduce and survive in the lab indefinitely. Rebecca Skloot uses rhetorical devices throughout the book such as; logos, ethos, and pathos to appeal to the audience and help spread public awareness of this
My definition of rhetoric before the readings was simply: successful written or oral communication with a clear purpose & audience in mind. After completing the readings, I have decided that is not specific enough and does not encompass what rhetoric really is. The readings by Crusus, Channell, and Drucker helped establish a clear relationship between argument, “mature reasoning”, and communication as a mode used to communicate. Both of the readings provided a clearer understanding of argument and communication, key components to rhetoric, but did not change my definition until I read “The Rhetorical Situation” by Bitzer. The idea of a rhetorical situation, provided a clear application of the question: “What is rhetoric?” in a historical, realistic
In life people try to comfort others in times of grieving. Leonard Pitts comforts his readers in his article, “We will go forward from this moment ” by trying to make since of the 9/11 attack. Pitts uses emotion and logic to persuade the Americans that the terrorists can do what they want to America, but America is tough enough to handle it.
The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks written by Rebecca Skloot tells the story of a woman named Henrietta Lacks who has her cervical cancer. It further goes to tell the audience how Henrietta altered medicine unknowingly. Henrietta Lacks was initially diagnosed with cervical cancer in 1951; however, the doctors at John Hopkins took sample tissues from her cervix without her permission. The sample tissues taken from Henrietta’s cervix were used to conduct scientific research as well as to develop vaccines in the suture. Her sample tissues were known as HeLa cells. Skloot purpose is to create awareness among the audience about
In the passage from The Great Influenza, John M. Barry uses rhetorical strategies like: antithetical ideas, extended metaphors, and diction to characterize scientific research.
Organelles as organism is from The Lives of a cell authored by Lewis Thomas. Thomas uses a unique writing style that is very recognizable and different from the others. This helps us to appreciate our diversity as human beings demonstrated by our abilities to write differently. As a reader one is able to form an image of who Thomas is by how he expresses his feelings and attitudes. When this text was written a lot of people, mostly scientists, thought and had knowledge of different things than they do now. Science has greatly evolved over the years, there are new discoveries each time, and it’s a fact that right now we know a lot than we did thirty-five years ago.
In a passage from The Great Influenza, author John M. Barry writes about what it is like to be a scientist. He describes scientists as pioneers and uses that to get across his idea. The author states that being a scientist is brave and uses metaphor, the motif of an explorer, and logos to prove his point.
One of the largest debates known to modern man is that between creationists and evolutionists. Is human existence evidence of a divine power? Did humankind reach its current state on the reliance of genetic mistakes? Is it of any concern to know one way or another? In his insightful essay, “Do we care what’s true? Does it matter?,” Carl Sagan beautifully and respectfully asserts the importance of favoring science over pseudoscience, and makes clear his argument as to why not the other way around. Sagan believes in the rhetorical connection between author and audience, which is why he maintains understanding throughout the essay. Sagan’s compassionate tone informs his polite authority, which in turn
During their long conversation, it is revealed that Dr. Bledsoe never intended for the narrator to
Science can be something that you can come across in your everyday life. Science can make us think and have a imagination with what is going on around the world. There are many theories that can show that there are many things to be learned and tried in our lifetime.The things that I will be discussing are science and technology, The elements of science,Figurative Language ,The conflict, and the theme.
Saunders also conveys how business marketing tactics breed cruelty and vanity in society’s elites. The lack of ethics fuels a sense of superiority in product users through brutal subjugation of those who don’t use them. In this society, violent imagery is commonplace and immoral behavior is encouraged to sell products. Society pardons characters like Kevin for their actions because they are winners who are propagating the consumerist message (they help sell the product). This vindication is further illustrated in the third vignette when an orange’s polite questioning of a Slap-of-Wack bar is answered by violent stabbing. The abusive interaction is summarized as a “wacky” occurrence by a corny slogan, debasing the orange’s pain. The “two evil
March: Book Three, written by Andrew Aydin, John Lewis, is a graphic novel that illustrates the internal and external struggles of civil rights leaders such as, Martin Luther King Jr., and John Lewis. This graphic novel is loaded with rhetoric that helps elucidate the dedicated efforts of civil rights activists. One example of rhetoric that is prominent within the graphic novel is the use of pathos. The appeal of emotion exemplifies the weight that one had to bear in order to support the civil rights movement. Despite all of the weight, the march still continued. Another example of rhetoric that is prominent in helping the authors convey their message is the use of atmosphere. The atmosphere is some situations
Rhetorical analysis is an investigation into how someone uses his/her critical reading skills to analyze text. The objective of the rhetorical analysis is the study of how the author writes, instead of what the author wrote. At that point, we need to examine the method that the author uses to attain his goal. According to Jonah G. Willihnganz “A rhetorical analysis is an examination of how a text persuades us of its point of view. It focuses on identifying and investigating the way a text communicates, what strategies it employs to connect to an audience, frame an issue, establish its stakes, make a particular claim, support it, and persuade the audience to accept the claim”. From that definition, we are going to analyze Carroll’s essay about