The Equal Protection of the Law clause has led to many advances in racial equality. It not only helped free the slaves, but it also fueled the arguments of Civil Rights. The clause shaped the United States to be the role model of countries around the world. If not for this clause, we might still be segregated and the World would be very different. The 14th Amendment to the Constitution is one of the most significant changes in the whole document.
The Brown V. Board of Education Case stood as a pivotal point in the stance of the Supreme Court and the Federal Government. Before the Brown V. Board of Education, the Supreme Court had been very much keeping the status quo, but this belief led to the subsequent formation of Jim Crow Laws. During the case one of the core foundations of segregation was challenged by civil rights groups and their success in dis assembling the foundation would lead to a complete shift in government domestic policy. Brown V. Board of Education was a decisive victory for the civil rights movement and with the support of the Federal Government they could bring forth more problems stemming from segregation. The Civil Rights Movement was a driving factor towards attaining legal equality for all, but without the helpful support of Federal Government much of the victories that the movement achieved would not have happened.
This compromise helped give each state equal say in the government. As John Samples said to the Cato Institute in In Defense of the Electoral College, “ … the Electoral College makes sure that the states count in presidential elections… an important part of our federalist system - a system worth preserving… federalism is central to our grand constitutional effort to restrain power.” (Doc C). Since this nation is founded on federalism (the sharing of power between national and state governments), it only makes sense that each individual state would want equal say in the nation’s government. Samples knew that to keep the government running smoothly, each state needed equal representation in the government, thus the Electoral College.
It has been used in many different court cases and to define the rights of US citizens. The original meanings of The Fourteenth Amendment was to give slaves the right to become citizens and to restrain state governments from abridging the rights of former slaves after the Civil War. The amendment evolved from this as time progressed and as the United States changed. It is now used to define citizen rights, grant citizenship to the free people and guarantee that all people are entitled to the protections of due process of law. The Fourteenth Amendment has become one of the most heavily litigated sections of the Constitution.
In 1787 the United States’ constitution was written, two years later the Bill of Rights was added. The Bill of Rights consists of ten amendments which were designed based on the American ideals to ensure that the federal government is not too powerful, and that it would protect the rights of the people or of the state. One of the most important amendments in the Bill of Rights is the sixth amendment which gives the people the right to enjoy a speedy trial when accused, and it allows the accused person to know the cause of accusation and who his accuser is. It clearly represents some of the American ideals such as: democracy, equality, and opportunity. The sixth amendment provides more requirements for a fair trial in criminal cases.
In a speech that Learned Hand, a federal judge, gave he talked about the spirit of liberty. Hand proclaimed, “The spirit of liberty is the spirit which is not too sure that it is right; the spirit of liberty is the spirit which seeks to understand the mind of other men and women; the spirit of liberty is the spirit which weighs their interests alongside its own without bias;” What he
There are many amendments in the constitution developed by supreme courts that secure the civil rights and liberties of the people; among 27 amendments of the constitution,
Ultimately it allowed the founding fathers to recognized the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation and fix the shortage of this prestigious paper. As the Constitution was ratified it offered solutions to all the problems the nation was facing and brought all thirteen colonies into one. The Constitution created a system that divided Congress into two houses, first the House of Representatives then the Senate. This helped give people from the smaller states a voice against the bigger states and its people, which lead for equal representation. The ratification also gave the central government more power while Congress gained the power to enforce good interstate relations and regulate trade being made.
In conclusion, the Magna Carta has had a profound impact on democracy. Significant ideals were modeled throughout declarations, justice is protected, and fundamental freedoms are ensured. Without the Magna Carta, there would not be democracy, and the known world would become
America is known as “The Land of Opportunity” and it established the concept of the American Dream in the 1900’s. The fight for this dream was prevalent even before it was given a name in 1930. The founding fathers wrote this belief into the constitution with the words “All Americans are created equal and endowed by their creator with certain inalienable rights. Among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness” .Some Americans believe that the American Dream can still be obtained in the 21st Century with hard work and perservance ; however, a majority of the American population among race gender and class has a different point of view on what America still provides to their citizens because economic insta8bility and lack of equal opportunity.
The fact that the Civil Rights Movement occurred about a century after the Civil War indicates the difficulty of battling social injustice and reinforcing legal remedies. In the United States, the central ground for battling legal mandates has rested on the Constitution, and the issues of social injustice are never completely resolved without consulting the Bill of Rights. The Bill of Rights is essentially a constitutional provision of political rights that cater to civil liberties—fundamental rights outside the governmental regulation. And in 1868, the Fourteenth amendment was passed as to reinforce the Bill of Rights and act as “a vehicle for the applications of the Bill of Rights to the states.” It also explicitly stated, “all people born in the United States [are] citizens of the United States” and prohibited “states from denying person the equal protection of the
In recent years, Immigration has become one of a plethora of hot topics during political races. Politicians, like many Americans, see our great nation as a prize only of the deserving. The United States symbolize the land of the free. Even before the signing of the Declaration of Independent in 1776, immigrants flocked to the United States of America in search of their three fundamental rights endowed in the Preamble – “Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness”. Everyone, including people who immigrated to the United States illegally, should have an equal opportunity to attain these inalienable rights.
Lopez won the U.S. V. Lopez case making it important because in terms of congressional power since it would go against the rights given in article 1 section 8 number 10 that says, “To define and punish…offences against the Law of Nations. Aside from that it would have an effect on interstate commerce, thing that congress regulates as mentioned in article 1 section 8 number 3. Since Lopez won, the laws for the state had to change causing the state to have its own rules and punishments from the ones for the whole U.S. The Lopez case is an implied power due to article 1 and has many cons. The case of Lopez is considered implied power because his case went against the power of congress. In article 1, congress has the power to define and punish
According to famous Enlightenment thinker John Locke, the role of the government is to protect the natural and basic rights of its people in order to maintain peace throughout the country. America’s Founding Fathers constructed the Constitution in order to do so. Nevertheless, their descendents have not been completely successful at following these guidelines. In The Louisiana’s Separate Car Act passed in 1892 required whites and blacks to sit on separate railroads. This act enforced ‘separate but equal’ accommodations.
The case of California v. Greenwood involves police who were investigating a potential drug trafficker, Greenwood. The police, who were acting on information that suggested that Greenwood could possibly be engaged in narcotics trafficking, obtained trash that Greenwood had left on the curb in front of his home. Considering the trash included items indicative of narcotics use, the police then obtained warrants to search Greenwood’s home, discovered controlled substances during their searches, and subsequently arrested respondents on felony narcotics charges. The issue in this case was whether the Fourth Amendment prohibits the warrantless search and seizure of trash left for collection outside the curtilage of a home.