Karl Marx's The Manifesto Of The Communist Party

2135 Words9 Pages
Among the most famed, celebrated and perhaps controversial figures in the history of political and economic theory is Karl Marx, the patriarch of Communism. One of Marx’s defining works, the Manifesto of the Communist Party, outlines the direction and intentions of Communism as a movement as well as providing a solid ideological framework for Communists worldwide. In the Manifesto, Marx attempts to explain human history in the context of class struggles and the oppression of the many by the few, which he claims stretches back to the first known societies. According to Marx there is always an oppressor class and those oppressed by it, though they may take different forms to suit a different age’s discourse. He divides the contemporary world into the two classes of bourgeoisie and proletarians, and describes the bourgeoisie’s rise to power, the methods by which they have managed to preserve it and the global changes which they have induced. He then claims bourgeois rule and class antagonism in general are close to their end and calls the world’s proletarian class to launch a world revolution. The relevance of Marx’s writings has been the subject of much debate, with some claiming that they are antiquated and applicable to the modern world which has moved beyond Communism while others insist they remain relevant to this day and reflective of the state in which we live. Contrary to popular belief, Marx’s worldview regarding class struggle and the evolution of
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