Brief statement of the problem Hispanic and Latino populations are not being provided with adequate mental health care and are an underserved population (Peters, Sawyer, & Guzman, 2014). There are several barriers, cultural and other, that prevent and dissuade Hispanic and Latino individuals from seeking mental health care (The Pew Charitable Trusts, 2015). Lack of bi-lingual providers is one of the many obstacles this population is faced with. Details of the problem A large minority population: • According to the U.S. 2010 Census, 16% of the total population was of Hispanic or Latino decent. • Latino and Hispanics are the largest growing minority in the nation (US Census Bureau, 2012). • In 2010, 36% of the total Latino and Hispanic population …show more content…
population (National Alliance on Mental Illness, 2016). Common mental health disorders that face this population include anxiety disorders, major depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and alcoholism. Also, Latina and Hispanic adolescent girls have high rates of suicide attempts. Without treatment, these conditions can worsen and become disabling and potentially life threatening. Even though Latino and Hispanic communities have similar susceptibility to mental health illnesses compared to the general population, the community is less likely to seek mental health care. Only 10% of the Latino and Hispanic population in the U.S. contacted a mental health care provider this past year. In order to reach this underserved community, counseling as a field has to work diligently to provide linguistically and culturally competent providers (National Alliance on Mental Illness, 2016). Recommended solution In order to increase the amount of bilingual counselors, more Spanish speaking individuals need to be encouraged to pursue advanced mental health care degrees (Trepal, et al., 2014). Counselors who want to offer bilingual services should pursue bilingual supervision, enroll in cultural classes, and seek training regarding bilingual therapy and counseling. Also, University and college counseling programs should offer courses on bilingual assessment methods, cultural norms and traditions, and bilingual psychotherapy skills (Trepal, et al., 2014). Support for
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Fact Sheet: Latino children in Child Welfare. Casey Latino Leadership Group. Retrieved from https://www.nycourts.gov/ip/cwcip/Trainings/ECPCC/DMR/Latino- Disproportionality/latinoChildren.pdf According to the annual report distributed by the Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS), 22% of the children in the foster care system in July 2014 were of Hispanic or Latino decent. In addition, research suggests that Latino children are typically younger than non-Latino children when they are referred to the child welfare system, which can be “concerning given that infants and young children are less likely to be reunified with their families”.
In chapter thirteen, Hispanic/Latino health issues, Thomas A. LaVeist examine the health status of the Hispanic/Latino population. The Hispanic and Latino group is the largest nonwhite racial and ethnic group in the U.S. The Hispanics and Latinos have overall good health but can have some trouble when it comes to accessing good quality health care. A lot of Hispanics and Latinos are uninsured. With being uninsured, it’s hard to get the proper health care that is needed.
There is a very high rate at which young males of Latino background are dropping out of high school and in some parts of the U.S the dropout percentage gets to be as high as 60%. There are many reasons for this social issue using the Social Pathology and we will explore the answer to this problem. We can look at these young Latino males in all parts of the country as being deviant. The reason this social problem exists is because of their deviance. So, how is it that all of these males from this particular ethnicity from all parts of the U.S are deviant in the same way?
Over the past several decades, the racial and ethnic creation of the U.S. population has changed particularly. Minorities are expanding their vicinity in the United States and will keep on doing as such for years to come. The Latino population is driving these changes. While today one of each eight inhabitants of the United States is Latino, it is anticipated that Latinos could represent one of each five occupants. Immigration from Latin America and the attendant growth of the nation 's Hispanic or Latino population are two of the most important and controversial developments in the recent history of the United States.
The United States Census Bureau recently reported that the Hispanic population is becoming the largest ethnic minority in the country. For example, in 1980, Hispanics made up 6.4 % of the total population in the United States (US); and in 2000, the Hispanic population grew to over 12.5 % of the total population in the United States (US). It is projected that European Americans will numerically become a minority in the upcoming years, and that the Hispanic population will constitute 31 percent of the nation 's population by 2060, making the United States (US) the second largest Hispanic population following Mexico (citation A5). States, like California and Texas, can be used as an example for this shift already occurring. It is apparent that
OVERCOMING CHALLENGES: HISPANICS IN THE UNITED STATES Sveta Chintakayala Ms. Padilla Garay 6th Grade P.3B When I say Hispanics, what do you think? Do you think last names of Rodriguez, Diaz, and Martinez? Do you think about how there are so many Hispanics in this country that proudly carry those last names into their very own victory?
Often being ignored or rejected, the Hispanic community suffers a bad perception from the Americans and is many times associated with the stereotypes that they have especially regarding unemployment, education and crime rates. While in reality, Hispanics are completely different from these beliefs and wage an everyday fight in order to live their American dream, it is important to make clear what this minority is actually facing from an economic point of view. Fifty-six million. This is the number representing the Hispanic population of the United States in July 1, 2015. This makes people of Hispanic origin the nation’s largest ethnic or racial minority by being more than seventeen percent of the nation’s total population.
Social contexts will become a more significant factor when the scope of treatment expands to include the client’s family and social circle. The client’s gender identity, ethnicity, culture, religious beliefs, and family history will determine what are appropriate referrals and treatment approaches. For example, recovery planning for a Latino woman should allow for her “personal growth and empowerment within a [Latino] cultural and family context” (Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (CSAT), 2009) and referrals to community resources and case managers who specialize in the needs of the Latino community (CSAT, 2009), especially if she is a recent immigrant. Meanwhile, recovery planning for the African-American man should “adopt an Afrocentric perspective to provide a more culturally responsive treatment program” (CSAT, 2009) and include strategies that foster the client’s involvement in the community. When treating minority populations, there may be a greater need for experienced counselors with more developed cultural competence and self-awareness for the purposes of family therapy, which is an integral component of
According to the 2000 Census, 1 of 8 people identified themselves as Latino, constituting to 281.4 million people (Chapa 4). Due to the mass migration of Latin Americans, the population spread rapidly. With this chain migration, Latino culture has been blended with other cultures, including American culture. Tacos, empanadas, and tamales are some of the most popular foods today, and are often mixed with another cuisine. The influx of so many Latinos has brought backlash from conservative Americans because there has been multiple crimes conducted by illegal immigrants.
Certain members of the Hispanic population perceive challenges as surmountable tasks that should include the input of family members and that is to include extended family (Falicov, 2014). When it comes to problems such as substance abuse, acculturation, and mental illnesses, family members of those suffering from the aforementioned issues may conquer it by attending therapy or by using methods of self-efficacy such as prayer, seeing a spiritualist, or consulting a priest/or member of the clergy (Falicov, 2014). The primary factors used by Latino families to combat the beforementioned challenges whether through a formal or informal method would be to do so as a collective unit. To combat the language and cultural barriers that may be present when Hispanics consult the assistance of a member outside of their ethnic group, it would be beneficial to work with an individual familiar with their cultural norms and expectations.
Introduction Generally speaking individuals view the symptoms of mental illness as being experienced and expressed in the same fashion across all cultures. They believe that a set channel of symptom expression is the same for every individual regardless of culture or ethnicity. Recent research into cultural expression of symptomatology has revealed that not every culture experiences mental illness in much the same way. In fact research has revealed that culture plays a large role in how mental illness is viewed and experienced (Wong, 2010).
Another factor is the stigma that many cultures attach to mental health issues. In some cultures, being open about mental health struggles can lead to “social isolation and social sanctions” (Chaze, Thomson, George, & Guruge, 2015, p.96) Many immigrants are also used to seeing mental health issues as a weakness and fear not being able to trust anyone with their issues (Chaze et al., 2015, p.96). Low levels of English proficiency and the stigma that is attached to mental health are two of the many causes of low levels of mental health literacy among the immigrant population. Mental health literacy can be defined as “the ability to seek information, learn, appraise, make decisions, communicate information, prevent diseases and promote individual, family and community health” (Simich, 2010, p.17).
Meeting the School Readiness Needs of Latino Dual Language Learners in the Early Childhood Classroom Latinos in the United States as of 2013 is the largest growing minority group. One out of four students is Latino. The majority of Latino students are born in the US but do not speak English at their home (Lopez 2013). There are different types of language learners, monolingual learners and bilingual learners which include simultaneous, sequential and emergent learners.
Therapist who practice this approach are trained to define, identify, and understand multicultural issues in order to treat clients. When a professional counselor works with a client from a different cultural background, the counselor needs to define differences such as religion, gender, family, history, and sexual orientation between client and counselor. In addition, identifying differences require techniques including body language, eye contact, and open ended questions. In some cultures directness is considered impolite (Delaware University, 2014). Acknowledging and considering these differences is essential to establishing a trusting therapeutic relationship.
Although some rightfully argue that all counseling is cross-cultural, when working with clients who are from a different culture than one’s own, the schism is often great. Therefore, cross-cultural competence is a theme we will visit and revisit throughout this text, and I will offer a number of ways for you to lessen the gap between you and your client. One model that can help bridge the gap is D’Andrea and Daniela’s (2005) RESPECTFUL Counseling Model, which highlights ten factors that counselors should consider addressing with