For example, although cervical cancer is preventable when detected at an early stage, it has had a tremendous impact on the Latino community. With a population of fifty-two million, Latinos are known as the fastest and leading minority group in the U.S. (Monroy, 2017). Cervical Cancer not only accounts for the second highest death rate among Latinos, but Latinos are twice more likely to die from cervical cancer than white Non-Hispanic women (Monroy, 2017). Several Social Determinants of Health have been linked to cause this tremendous disparity. Latina women tend to have limited access to updated health care information, limited to no health care coverage, and low socioeconomic status that all ultimately affects their access to appropriate screening and preventative services (Monroy, 2017).
The increasing numbers of Latino youth who obtain college degrees are become active in politics, with the biggest trend of Latino population is youth and growth we can only hope for even more support in politics. “For the first time ever, Latinos accounted for one in ten votes cast nationwide in the presidential election, and Obama recorded the highest ever vote total for any presidential candidate among Latinos, at 75%” (Barreto and Segura 145). The Latino vote is becoming a crucial element to politics because of their size in population. . “While turnout declined nationally from 2008 to 2012 (by 2%), among Latinos there was a 28% increase in votes cast in 2012 (from 9.7 million to 12.5 million) and Obama further increased his vote share among Latinos in 2012 compared to 2008” (Barreto and Segura 145).
The US government currently has an annual deficit over 400 billion dollars due to having a higher budget than revenues. Healthcare takes up 25% of the federal budget totaling almost 1 trillion dollars, and is extremely inefficient in its current state. But as Americans pay more, they get less for their health care than residents of other high income countries; of 16 surveyed countries America has the shortest life expectancy for men and women, and the highest rates of mortality for newborns and children under five, as well as the highest rates of death from heart and lung disease coupled with the highest rate of sexually transmitted diseases(Gayle).By incentivizing a healthy lifestyle, creating a more competitive market for health insurances,
1. Latinos as biggest minority in the US According to Juana Bordas “the Latino population in the United States grew by 43 percent in the last decade, accounting for more than half of the population gain” (IX). As a consequence the Latinos represent one of the largest and most diverse groups in the USA (cf. Saenz 352). The word Latino is often mistaken with the word Hispanic.
It impacts the health and well-being of individuals, couples, and society as a whole. The burden of infertility includes psychological, social, and physical consequences such as anxiety, depression, helplessness, marital intimidation, abandonment, economic hardship, social stigma, social isolation, and physical violence (5, 8). Several studies reported that infertility and its treatments have a significant impact on infertile couple’s quality of life (QOL) (9-13). These studies have shown that the QOL of infertile women is lower than the QOL of infertile men (9), and it also shown that the women are at more risk to develop more emotional problems than the men (14). Then we have the environmental domain that plays a huge role in the couples lives, unemployed infertile men tend to have significant lower score means in the physical health and the social relation domains than the women
In chapter thirteen, Hispanic/Latino health issues, Thomas A. LaVeist examine the health status of the Hispanic/Latino population. The Hispanic and Latino group is the largest nonwhite racial and ethnic group in the U.S. The Hispanics and Latinos have overall good health but can have some trouble when it comes to accessing good quality health care. A lot of Hispanics and Latinos are uninsured. With being uninsured, it’s hard to get the proper health care that is needed.
Statistically, African American women in the United States suffer from complications or death 243 percent more than white women during maternity. This is a common occurrence that many women and children face, but shouldn’t have too. Rebecca Skloots book, The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks, is an example of the inequality shown to African-American women in the medical world. Specifically, the unequal medical care Henrietta Lacks received, which many other black women experienced. In her book, Skloot suggests that African-American women suffer from psychological effects after receiving unequal medical care, do not receive equal medical treatment during maternity, and are more likely to die from maternal complications.
Factors such as lack of health insurance, poor living conditions, being under-educated, stress and the lack of social support can put the infants at risk for mortality. Many African Americans, especially those who are poor and those working without health care benefits, are less likely than white Americans to have a usual source of health care (Copeland, 2005). An environment a person lives in is related to health problems too. Families living in urban areas are confronted with the constant challenges of population density, inadequate or unaffordable housing, overcrowding, limited access to resources, and high crime rates (Copeland, 2005). African American families are at risk for SIDS due to the environment that the baby is discharged.
Depression and other similar disorders lead to one attempting to commit or committing suicide. There are several warning flags for suicide, such as self-harm and suicidal ideation. In the LGBT community, it is believed that the increased stress is resulting from external and internalized homophobia and transphobia resulting in these self-destructive behaviors being so much more prevalent in the younger community than they are in the heterosexual cisgender community (McDermott p.815). Gay and bisexual men are four times more likely to ideate and attempt suicide than their heterosexual peers; lesbian and bisexual women are twice as likely (Mereish p.1). Transgender individuals are at an even higher risk, as half of the transgender participants reported suicidal ideation, and a quarter of them had reported attempting suicide (Johnson p.56).
The inadequacies do not end with doctors and hospitals. This study also analyzed data from a survey indicating that LGBT people are more likely to face unequal treatment in both emergency rooms and in ambulances–two places where being denied service could end your life. Around 13% of participants reported discrimination in the emergency room, and 5% reported it in ambulances (Kattari et al., 2015). Transgenders unfortunately still face high levels of unequal treatment when seeking medical or psychological help outside of the main health care system. The possibility of being denied service when in such a dire state is terrifying and life threatening, and needs to be demolished before more people’s lives are put at risk.