For the theory involving constructivism, students assemble their own knowledge and each individual creates subjective representations to objectives due to their prior knowledge thus, teachers act as the guide on the side to direct them along the right understanding. Progressivism involves learning by doing which encourages critical thinking and problem solving as well as the teachers encourages the students to intrinsically want to learn by captivating them through activities that are related to their life and their prior knowledge. I believe that this is the best way to teach students. As a teacher, one has to keep in mind that each student is different and there are many external factors that cause diversity in the classroom. For instance, students may come from different socio-economic backgrounds, various religious and cultural beliefs, different ethnicity and gender.
The CAPS aims to establish knowledge and skills, that learners acquire, that are meaningful. Constructivism supports that learners should be dependent on learning from meaningful sources because it will ensure their proficiency with certain knowledge (2016:61). The CAPS promotes a procedure of learning that is active as well as critical. Constructivism states that learning should be an active process where the self-determination of learners is motivated and the purpose of the learners taken into account (2016:33). The CAPS strives towards a classroom environment where learners are able to work as individuals as well as part of a team.
It depends to the learner if they want to learn it or not. It is said that the forget most of the teaching that their teachers discuss in the class. What they remember most are the things that are useful form them personally. So the teacher must relate their discussion to the basic experience of human beings. The second principle of learning is that the students’ current level of development interacts with the social, emotional, and intellectual climate of the course to impact learning.
Whether it being traditional or contemporary, teachers have a various tactics such as rational arguments and creative ways (McBer, n.d.) to leave an impact on students and to influence them in bringing about positive outcomes. Petty (2009) supports the importance of teachers having an impact and influence on students and adds that effective teachers can first of all recognize the potential of the students. After recognizing the potential of students, teachers now should think analytically and conceptually as discussed earlier and develop a lesson plan that encourages students to reach their full potential or even challenging students to reach a higher level of learning. In addition, McBer (n.d.) and Petty (2009), share that there are informal ways of influencing students. When a teacher has a closer proximity with a student, the teacher will understand the student better which lead to a better understanding of the students learning styles.
For participatory learning to take place teachers need to be an intentional teacher somebody who wants a child to be involved in the learning process. A teacher should sometimes control the learning process but other times allow the children to lead the learning process. We must get involved in the children’s activities and let them know that we are interested in their opinion and thoughts. We as teachers should encourage the child to speak up explore and experiment. We have to ensure that a classroom is hygienic safe and fun, it should be a high quality learning environment.
They obtain the knowledge necessary for the establishment of their philosophy of teaching; otherwise, there would be no way to guide STs to be an effective teacher. Besides, they would learn everything about which fits for a right decision in a situation of teaching by trial and error that causes time wasting and frustration. Therefore, theories are “providing a framework for gaining insights” into learning and teaching the language in a practical way (Mc Laughlin, 1987, p. 14). Also, our study justifies the views that theories do not ensure that they are strictly confirmed to every single case. Instead, they indicate the way to lead in a certain situation during teaching process (Mc Laughin, 1987, p.
I believe that many behavioral problems can often be handled through discussing the student’s behavior and giving them a second chance. The discipline hierarchy allows the students to self correct their behavior before incurring a harsher form of punishment. Overall, although I believe that having clear expectations and behavioral procedures are essential for good classroom management, I also believe that one must still remember what an effective teacher looks like. Thus, when it comes to the area of classroom management, it is still
(1999) progressivism is a philosophy which pressures the idea that students are supposed to question their ideas by active experimentation. This was then supported by Knight, G. (2006) who stated that this philosophy depended fully on textbooks, passive learning through the act of memorization of information, the fear of serious punishment and so forth. In this type of education, the student is expected to be very involved in the educational process. Cohen, M, L.(1999) stated that the student should become their own problem solver through different experience they encountered which will then lead the students to become independent learners later on. This type of learning will be seen as effective since students are seen as being more active learners rather than passive.
“Autonomy is a capacity- for detachment, critical reflection, decision-making, and independent action. It presupposes, but also entails, that the learner will develop a particular kind of psychological relation to the process and content of his learning. The capacity for autonomy will be displayed both in the way the learner learns and in the way he or she transfers what has been learned to wider context” (Little, 1991:4). Learner autonomy is a problematic term because it is widely confused with self-instruction. Many scholars (Esch, 1998:37) have the autonomy defined as what is not, for instance “it is not self-instruction/learning without a teacher;… it does not mean that intervention or initiative on the part of a teacher is banned; … it is not something teachers do to learners; i.e.
The teacher would just provide guidance to the student in the learning process. Independent learning would be successful when the learner plans on what he or she is going to learn and the topics the learner wants to cover during the learning process. It is very important that the learner plans on the resources that they are going use to assist them in their learning process. Independent learning would be effective when self-monitoring of learning occurs, this is where the learner would have to keep record on whether the learning is taking place the way the learner had planned. For example to monitor the learning, the learner could maintain a checklist on the topics they want to complete for a particular subject therefore the learner would be able to identify whether they have completed that topic.