Literature Review Analysis

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A literature review is a type of academic paper that examines already published information related to a specific subject. A literature review allows individuals to improve their understanding and demonstrate their knowledge of a topic. It can evaluate and point out the most pertinent information to the reader. Furthermore, it is also a way for the author to bring the reader up to date with the current information on the topic at hand. Literature reviews summarize a variety of information that has already been published or uses an organizational patter that combines summary and synthesis. A synthesis is a reorganization of information that often times can lead to new understandings of old ideas. The article titled “The Impact of Language Variety…show more content…
For example, the authors use C.R. Scott’s definition of anonymity as “the degree to which a communicator perceives the message source is unknown and unspecified.” Additionally, the authors reference Short, Williams, and Christie to explain the social presence theory as the feeling that interlocutors are sharing the same communicative space. Furthermore, in order to distinguish the difference between the terms expert and novice the authors cite Hoffman. For example, Hoffman proposed that experience gives a person practice in the particular domain of expertise, and “with practice, a skill loses the quality of being conscious, effortful, deliberate, and linear, and takes on the quality of automatic pattern recognition. Hoffman also points out that experts are different from novices, in that they possess “an articulated, conceptual, and principled understanding” of the area of expertise. The authors also define the two major languages, Colloquial Singapore English (CSE) and Singapore Standard English (SSE), addressed in their investigation. Colloquial Singapore English, or Singlish, “is primarily a contact language with a grammatical structure significantly different from Singapore Standard English”. In contrast, Singapore Standard English “is a culturally-located variety of English with Standard English grammar plus a few local words to…show more content…
Each hypothesis of the experiment addresses a different aspect of the authors investigations. A hypothesis is an uncertain explanation for an observation, phenomenon, or scientific problem that can be tested by further investigation. Hypothesis one has three parts which predicted that that discussants who used Singlish would be perceived as being less informative, less persuasive, and will have lower source credibility than discussants who used Standard English. Next, the authors discuss Hypothesis two, which also has three parts. Hypothesis two predicted that discussants who were rated as novices would be perceived as being less informative less persuasive, and will have lower source credibility than discussants who were rated as experts. Then, the authors discuss their third hypothesis which predicted that when discussants used Singlish, participants would be more willing to participate in the discussion than when discussants used Standard English. Finally, the authors discussed their fourth and final hypothesis that predicted that when discussants were rated as Novices, participants would be less willing to participate in the discussion than when discussants were rated as Experts. After the experiment was conducted, only one part of hypothesis one was actually supported by the results. Part three of hypothesis one which
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