This is most commonly seen in migration to the US. Many people feel forced to leave their countries due to economic push factors and they see the US as a good place to go due to its successful economy. Cultural push and pull factors are also common reasons for migration. One of the most common examples of migration due to culture is slavery. Slavery was a form of forced migration that resulted in the shipment of many Africans to North America.
Economic causes imply that people are migrating to find employments or to follow a precise way for their career. Political migration is a forced migration due to the fact that people are moving away to flee from political persecution or any type of war. There are factors that are the main causes for the migration. They can be classified into push and pull factors
Once they are brought to their interim or final destinations, though, it is force, threat of force, or harm that keeps them prisoners and enslaved. It is at this point within the trafficking process that victims differ little from the seventeenth and eighteenth-century African slaves who were kidnapped, bought, and sold into slavery and servitude. Unlike traditional slaves of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, trafficking victims are often hidden in plain sight. They, too, however, are openly bought and sold, some in cattle markets or like foreign women sold in auctions to sex traffickers. Others are bought and sold through hidden means, such as through the internet, as models, escorts, and brides .
Sex trafficking runs off of a supply and demand system, therefore pimps have found a way to break the law without getting caught. Pimps get away with sex trafficking girls by: manipulating the girls or selling them. Prostitution and sex trafficking are so close to being linked it is nearly impossible to prove a woman goes into prostitution freely (Orme & Ross 2015). Manipulation The situation sex trafficking victims face varies dramatically. One of the main tactics pimps use to recruit girls is by manipulating them.
Human migration comprehends the movements of persons or families from one place to another with the intention of settling temporarily or permanently in a destination place. This definition is enormously wide, large and it can be considered as part of the natural human activity, and as a necessity of the society’s evolution itself. However, the notion drags into consideration the political impact and consequences of the movement process of people or communities from one place to another, not only from the migrant insight but also from the host country’s observation. For the matter of this research, migration would be understood and limited to the definition of International Migration, which also includes different types of migration according to the reasons why the emigration may occur. For the purposes of this research, migration would be defined based on the clarity of the German office of Migration and Refugees (Bundesamt für Migration un Flüchtlinge) which identifies that this exodus occurs when one person moves from his or her usual place of residence and clarifies that international migration occurs when this migration happens across national boundaries (Bundesamt für Migration und Flüchtlinge, 2014, p. 10).
Migration is the geographic movement of people across a specified boundary for the purpose of establishing anew permanent or semi-permanent residence. Along with fertility and mortality, migration is a component of the population change. The term “in migration” and “out migration” are used for movement between areas within a country (internal migration). The parallel terms “immigration” and “emigration” are used to refer to moves between countries (international migration). There has been a basic difference in the processes of migration in developing countries from that of thedeveloped countries.
In the view of push and pull migration theory, the decision of migrate is determined by the factors to associate with the area of origin, are of destination and supply-push factors in the origin area and the network factors that link origin and destination. Lee also acknowledged that migration is basically because of individual migrant’s characteristics because people respond in various forms to the plus and minus factors of the origin and destination places and have different abilities for the adaptation (Hass H. D, 2008). These are some general push and pull factors of Myanmar cross border workers for the reason to migrate into the
Vital aspects of state formation include centralization of governance and the standardization of certain cultures (Hague and Harrop, 2010). However, creation and preservation of united society are especially challenging in culturally and ethnically diverse states. Conflicts arise from the clashing interests of the numerous cleavages of the society. Various groups therefore desire to break- up from the state in the pursuit of self-determination and self-rule. Secessionist groups arise from a particular minority group (e.g.
There are different schools of though responsible for the wide spread of human trafficking issues Myanmar. Migration could be the core reason that is clearly evident among migrant. The movements of people to new places combine with pull and push factors, such as limited livelihoods, social economic development gap within the region, and along the borders of China and Thailand in search of better living conditions. Most of the migrants from Myanmar seek job opportunity with minimum requirement of proficiency as worker in factory and fish vessels. In addition to wages incentive and demand of less skilled labors in neighboring countries act as a pull factors for the migrants.
Displacement from one place to another whether within country or outside is not only advantageous but it has cons too. When people move they usually cause disturbance in the cohesiveness of communities. Each country and its inhabitants have its own individuality which they feel in threat when different people intermingled. Difference in languages, color, cast, dress, and religion causes “Otherness” in immigrants. These differences lead towards crimes and anti- social behavior which creates a hostile environment.