Machiavelli, Niccolo, The Prince, Florence, Antonio Blado d’Asola, 1532. Niccolo Machiavelli is arguable the most influential philosophers of all time. Although his use of immoral strategies causes an unfavourable reputation, this unlikely approach to rationale perfectly demonstrates his belief that all shall be done to acquire power. The Prince, written by Machiavelli as a gift to the ruling family of Florence, the Medici, was a book entirely dedicated on how to achieve power specifically how to maintain it in order to run a successful state. Machiavelli states that a good prince must be capable to sense problems before they arise and in order to do so he must master The Art of War. The Art of War can only be mastered by those with virtue. …show more content…
Each section has a different theme which coincides with the book’s overall thematic structure of how to attain and maintain power. The first section begins in chapter one and ends in chapter 11. This section discusses the different types of principalities. Many of these chapters share similar titles such as Chapter Three: Concerning Mixed Principalities and Chapter 11: Concerning Ecclesiastical Principalities. Machiavelli attempts to explain the different types of principalities and how they can affect a prince’s ruling. He states that the different means of attaining power can influence a prince’s authority and how to avoid losing control. The four principalities Machiavelli mentions are: Hereditary, Mixed, New, and Ecclesiastical, within each principality, a new approach to power must be coined. The second section is presented from Chapter 12 to chapter 24. This section describes the different armies and how a prince should lead the military. Machiavelli believes that in order for a prince to keep his power he must pay close attention to all military action. These chapters discuss the four different types of armies such as the Native troops and Mixed troops mentioned in chapter 13. Understanding the different types of armies can strengthen a military and provide an advantage in war since the prince has determined the most successful outcome. Section three is located from Chapters 15 to 23. It discusses how a prince …show more content…
This is why he argues that it is more important to be feared rather than loved. Machiavelli viewed a person’s conscience and moral instinct as inferior to their true nature. He explains hi theory in chapter 17 when he discusses mans’ true intentions. He views man as wicked, selfish and immoral and when faced with a situation with a moral solution that is unfavourable and a immoral solution that is, man will choose what is favourable to him. He states that a man cannot be moral since it contradicts his true nature. He believes that men choose to do what is best for them rather than what is the greater good. Machiavelli mentions many historical examples within The Prince. He even dedicated Chapter fur entirely to the Kingdom of Darius that was conquered by Alexander. He also mentions the Sforza and Borgia families. The Sforza family is significant because of their involvement in Italy’s fall. Even though they did not rise from money, their impact was quite large due to their military involvement and successful rise to power. The Borgia family was admired by Machiavelli since he agreed with their approach to politics. It is quite similar to Machiavelli in the sense that there are no limits when trying to attain and maintain power. The ruthless mentality of the Borgia’s was seen as commendable to Machiavelli and quite often used them when providing examples for
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Machiavelli wrote The Prince in 1513, a time when Italy as a whole had yet to be formed; the Italian subcontinent consisted only of loosely connected groups of independent city states with a constantly evolving political battleground. Thus Machiavelli wrote The Prince to convey his idea of a strong, active, and in his own eyes, perfect ruler to the current ruling family, the Medici, as he wished to impress them and become an eventual political attaché for the family. Machiavelli argues that when given a choice it is better to be feared than loved, and bases the majority of his rhetorical argument on logical cause and effect conclusions that are exemplified through his use of anecdotes, and analogy. The excerpt begins at chapter fifteen with Machiavelli stating that he writes the prince in order to “make something useful for whoever understands it” (Machiavelli ch.15), and he expounds upon this simple purpose by devising clear and logical solutions to many of the problems that a ruler may face.
The first half of his life was spent in the Golden Age of Florence, the heyday of the Renaissance, and the second half in a period of war between France and Spain and other powers competing in Italy. 《 The prince》was written during the period of Machiavelli's dismissal from office, and he makes it clear that his purpose in writing the book was to offer it to the Florentine authorities for reappointment. In this book, he strives to demonstrate the political wisdom he has acquired through his long political practice, limiting his subject matter to the analysis of the monarchy, which is central to his discussion of how monarchs can retain their states. Machiavelli’s political ideology was shaped by his belief in the importance of power and the need for a strong, centralized government.
Machiavelli has the most correct ideas on both controlling the people as a ruler and on being remembered as a great one. These two viewpoints had great influence during their time and for centuries to come, both with modern ideas and correct ideas even though they had a lot of contrast. Machiavelli’s The Prince may be thought of the more recognizable of the two in the present, but people in the present day have many of the same ideas that
He positions the book by speaking about a hypothetical “prince”, who Machiavelli outwardly describes characteristics which he considers would make a prince. Knowledge is a large part in the making of this leader, the knowledge of military strategy. “It is evident that if rulers concern themselves more with the refinements of life than with military matters, they lose power”. The primary discipline of a rule is the art of war, the Prince must spend all of his time on this matter in order to be best prepared he must study rigorously during peacetime to be prepared for
Then for Machiavelli he talks about how a prince should show no fear instead for him to show that he is the one with power. That a prince's people should fear him. Both authors go on to talk on how their people react based on the prince and princesse act. The authors then go on to explain how they should view and run their people. Both authors also reflect the fact that the way their people are going to act towards them is mainly based off of how they treat them.
In Niccolo Machiavelli's book, The Prince (1513), he evaluates on how a prince can be a successful leader. Machiavelli’s purpose of this guidebook was to construct his argument to the rising ruler Giuliano de Medici for when he comes to power in Florence. He adopts a casual but authoritative tone in order to convince the prince that Machiavelli’s evaluation on how to be the best prince, is the right thing for the prince to do without coming off as he knows more than the prince or is trying to intimidate him.. Machiavelli’s reference to previous rulers and whether their tactics failed or succeeded helps to benefit his credibility along with his allusion to historic text. He appeals to our logic by simply stating a prince can only do what is within his power to control, and his use of an analogy furthers his argument.
Machiavelli wrote about a fictitious prince, describing how he is a terrible being who has no respect for people who have a lower status than him. He is described as being selfish and untrustworthy. His writing about this prince was supposed to replicate princes and kings that were ruling and open he reader’s eyes to real issues occuring. In Document 1 there is an excerpt from The Prince, written by Machiavelli, telling about how terrible the Prince of England. Document 1 states, “For all men in general this observation may be made: they are ungrateful, fickle, and deceitful, eager to avoid dangers, and avid for gain, and while you are useful to them they are all with you, but when it [danger] approaches they turn on you”.
Machiavelli argues the perfect prince will be both feared and loved by his people, and if unable to be both he will make himself feared and not hated. Machiavelli believes it is much safer to be feared than to be loved because people are less likely to offend and stand up against strong characters, also people are less concerned in offending a prince who has made himself loved. Accordingly, Machiavelli believes generosity is harmful to your reputation and the choice between being generous or stingy, merciful or cruel, honest or deceitful, should only be important if it aids the prince in political power. All in all, Machiavelli believes the ruler must be a great deceiver and do what is essential to uphold power over the
Machiavelli was a very manipulative man. If it is possible for a prince to do evil things such as these and destroy things at a moment’s notice, then the citizens will forget and once the memories are no longer able to be remembered , and soon after become appreciative of the prince. Chapter 9 shows us all the different kinds of people in a community. There are the higher class noble people and the lower class common people. When the leader who represents the nobles is chosen, he begins to be in a perpetual area of threat of rebellion by the other upper class nobles who begin to think that they are of the same social standing as the prince.
Machiavelli was not looking for princes to become cruel, militant tyrants, but rather wanted effectiveness to unite a kingdom and to unite the people. Through Francesco Sforza, Cesare Borgia, and even Pope Julius II, the author is stating the unspoken truth, supporting it with the figures he derived inspiration, those who used underhanded methods when needed to hold reigns on their power, that "for a man who strives after goodness in all his acts is sure to come to ruin, since there are so many men who are not good. Hence it is necessary that a prince who is interested in his survival learn to be other than good, making use of his capacity or refraining from it according to need" (Machiavelli
Machiavelli has clearly started a lot of thought on how the school of Realism operates. Though his view on humans and some of his methods may be extreme, The Prince and the Discourses shows a lot of insight on what do if a prince wants to hold his power and what action should be done to do
The Prince, written by Machiavelli, is a candid outline of how he believes leaders gain and keep power. Machiavelli uses examples of past leaders to determine traits that are necessary to rule successfully. Leaders such as the King of Naples and the Duke of Milan lacked military power, made their subjects hate them, or did not know how to protect themselves from the elite, causing them to lose power. He says that these rulers should blame laziness, not luck, for their failures. By looking at these historical successes and failures, Machiavelli is able to develop his own thoughts on how politics and leaders should be in the future.
In Machiavelli’s book, The Prince, he maintains a harsh perspective on reality. His advice on how to maintain power leaves no room for compassion or generousity. While some may believe that these are qualities of a good person, Machiavelli believes these qualities lead to the downfall of rulers. He acknowledges that, in reality, it is impossible for someone to have qualities of a good person and simultaneously a good ruler. Machiavelli’s realistic outlook causes him to emphasize that it is better to maintain power through fear, rather than compassion.
I. Machiavelli In his famous work the Prince Niccolo Machiavelli exposes what it takes to be a good prince and how only this good price and keep control over his state. There are many different qualities that make a man a good ruler but there are some that are more essential than others. In this work Machiavelli stresses the importance of being a warrior prince, a wise prince, and knowing how to navigate the duality of virtù and vices. Without these attributes there was no way that a prince could hold together their state and their people.
In his novel, the prince, nicolo machiavelli guides us to be a fruitful ruler. He clarifies the best routes for any ruler or sovereign to govern a region, bring prosper to the society, and keep up their position. This book can be read by anyone to get a few pointers on political issues. Most of the thoughts held by machivelli were linked to mercilessness and evil, hence they raised a considerable number of eyebrows. He maintains that the ruler 's primary goal should be conquering, staying in control of the general public and to always have the idea of war in mind.