The Narrative of the Life of Fredrick Douglass challenges and enhances information from the textbook America a Narrative History. In Chapter 13 of the textbook, the Second Great Awakening is mentioned, and the author talks about how large camp meetings were held, which resulted in many converting to Methodism. Similarly, Douglass, as his master attended one, mentions a camp meeting, where Douglass hoped his master would become kinder or emancipate his slaves, however, instead it made his master crueler. In addition, in Chapter 15 the conflict between a true Christian and a Southern Christian is brought up. In both the narrative and the textbook, the fact that slavery is endorsed by the bible is brought up as part of the pro-slavery movement.
Dawn McNeil-Bruce English 2100 Professor Andrews- Parker 10/21/15 The Rhetorical Techniques in “Letter from Birmingham Jail” The unjust treatment of African Americans have cause a significant amount of African American leaders to use different ways to advocate for racial equality.
In the first quote,”I have the honor of serving as president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, an organization operating in every Southern state, with headquarters in Atlanta, Georgia.” He uses words “serving” and “ president.” The word “serving” is important because it shows how he is humble and it makes a connection to the clergymen. Clergymen serve in the Christian church and Dr. King is explaining to them that he too serves the church just in a different way. This is also a way for Dr. King to call them out for not helping their black brothers in Christ.
After reading the letter it was clear to see that the main response went to the clergymen, yet there is a wider range of audiences that this letter was being directed to. The “Letter from Birmingham City Jail” was directed to everyone, if they were from the white or black community it was being directed towards them. It responded to the black community by retelling their experiences in the letter, as a reminder that they no more should have to wait for justice. The way it responded to the white community was by making them see all the hard times that an average Negro must go through just because people believe that the color of someone’s skin defines them, and their
The Letter from Birmingham Jail and the I have a Dream Speech, both written by Martin Luther King Jr., explain the same message to people in two different ways. The Letter from Birmingham Jail was to write a letter to defend the strategy of nonviolent resistance to racism. He wrote this because he wants African Americans to come together and peacefully protest the unjust laws that are in place. On the other hand, his speech was to a large group of citizens, black and white, fighting for freedom, equality, justice and love. He used many rhetorical devices in his speech and letter that compared the two, and to show the differences in a clear way.
Martin Luther king wrote the letter from Birmingham jail and discuss the biggest issues in the black community of Birmingham. In order to justify his desire for racial justice and equality, martin Luther king uses knowledge and potential thoughts given toward to his letter transcending to his people and the churches and he made very important valid statement that gave his audience and open mind and to encourage American society desegregation and having equality among all Americans with no stratification according to racial differences. His letter addresses the American society, political and religious community of America. King uses metaphors saying “ominous clouds of inferiority beginning to form in her little mental sky, and see her beginning
On the contrary, Samuel Sewall preached his sermon in 1700. He also was was well known, but was known to be one of the judges in the Salem Witch trials in 1692. Eight years later, he preached a sermon on slavery and used Latin quotations, biblical references, and the story of Joseph within the Bible to defend his beliefs. He also named his text, elaborated on it, and offered refutation for those who had questions concerning his beliefs.
Martin Luther King uses pathos in order to bring emotional appeals from his audience. In paragraph 11, King explains why it is difficult for African- Americans to “wait” for segregation to come to an end. In this section, he does quite a good job making the reader feel sympathetic towards the struggle of the black community. The main point of this section of the letter, was to force the clergymen see things from a black perspective. The clergymen wanted the African-American to continue to wait for their chance at freedom.
Martin Luther King Jr., arguably the most well-known civil rights activist, is most credited to his infamous “I Have A Dream” speech, but he has also done some incredible influencing in a letter titled “Letter from Birmingham Jail.” King addressed this letter to his colleague clergymen, superficially explaining his previous actions, but inspiring and persuading his audience to join him on the path to racial equality in between the lines, specifically by unifying his audience to himself with parallelism of the Christian faith and using the either/or fallacy to his advantage. The most obvious technique King uses is unifying his audience and himself together by repeatedly alluding to their similar faith. King alludes to past saints and other
Martin Luther king Jr. was one of the most influential people during the Civil Rights era and was responsible for changing the lives of all African Americans in America. He was a leader of his time; on a mission to gain freedom from segregation and derivation of rights for all minorities in the south. As a Political Leader, Martin Luther King Jr. had many followers, but just the same, he also had criticizers. In his letter addressed to the Clergymen titled “Letter from Birmingham Jail (1963)”, Martin Luther King Jr. speaks as the President of the Southern Christian Leadership Council and answers to questions and concerns of his participation and demonstration of nonviolent actions against political wrong doings that resulted in the imprisonment of Martin Luther King Jr. and several other protestors. Martin Luther King Jr. felt the need to address the concerns of his criticizers who thought that his actions were misguided and impetuous.
Malcom X was a big supporter of HIlson and became known to speak for him and the Civil Rights. In April of 1964 Malcom went on a pilgrimage to Mecca, Saudi Arabia. He went here to go on a Muslim pilgrimage called the Hajj. He said that this was to open himself and have a spiritual change.
The world saw him as a treat, marching protest leader, an activist, representative, and a civil rights leader. With a different insight of how the social structure and equality should be brought to justice for all. However, some of his greatest messages, achievements, and heroic stands were not preached from the mountaintop before millions in Washington, D.C. Instead days before I walked into his church looking for the civil rights leader, but I got a preacher. A preacher who just been assassinated in 1968, he had a sermon that reminded people that color should not be a factor in human life.
The Nation Of Islam is an African American religious and political group, that at the time of Malcolm X spoke out against black oppression. Malcolm X came into contact with the group after several of his sibling wrote to him about the organization while he was in prison. After so much ridicule Malcolm began to agree with the ideas of the Nation, and eventually after his parole he joined the group. He quickly rose in rank and was soon giving speeches almost as frequently as Elijah Muhammad (the group 's founder and leader). However after his experience with the group and a journey to Mecca, Malcolm began developing his own opinions that were different and more peaceful than the Nation of Islam.
During the civil rights era, the black church stood as a foundation for the African American community. It was a safe haven for those who felt like they didn’t have a voice outside of the church. The black church used to be a political atmosphere especially for those advocating black rights. It gave blacks the pedestal to vocalize the issues in the community and in the world to the oppressed. This was during a time when African Americans received no respect and were placed at the feet of injustice by the American society.
What makes a speech great? Maybe one can find this in Rev. Martin Luther King Jr.’s “I Have A Dream”, or President Barack Obama’s address to the NAACP. Alternatively, one can investigate this question by taking a look at President Bill Clinton’s lesser-known speech to the Church of God in Christ in 1993. His speech, with a mixture of a variety of arguments and methods, is extremely powerful for three reasons: his ability to use facts and elaborate on these facts for his argument; the power to connect with the audience to an emotional level by using anecdotes and personal experiences; and his call to the audience he is speaking to to support his argument. These three reasons are why President Bill Clinton’s speech is so powerful and effective.