Manifest Destiny is a label created by John L. O’Sullivan as a justification of American expansion. Many Americans, such as O’Sullivan, believed that America needed to expand West to fully achieve its destiny and to protect the interest of its citizens. The American Yawp, chapter 12, describe the manifest destiny best, “The precepts of manifest destiny, grounded in the twin beliefs of virtuous American institutionalism and the uplifting effects of agrarian republicanism, rode the wagon trails westward in
“Once we became an independent people it was as much a law of nature that this [control of all of North America] should become our pretension as that the Mississippi should flow to the sea” –John Quincy Adams (Henretta, p. 384). In the 1840s, Americans had a belief that God destined for them to expand their territory all the way westward to the Pacific Ocean. This idea was called Manifest Destiny. In the nineteenth century, Americans were recognized for coming together and building up one another for one cause: westward expansion.
After the American Revolution and declaring its independence, America has been aspired to the ideas of liberty, humanity, equality, and property rights. In the 1840s, the United States added greatly to its territory, gaining lands stretching all the way to the Pacific Ocean. President James K. Polk, who was elected in 1844 on the pledge to annex vast territories in the West, delivered on his major campaign compromise. The term Manifest Destiny was a wide belief that the American settlers were destined to expand from coast to coast.
The Manifest Destiny ideology, that it was a divinely ordained right and destiny for America to expand westward, towards the Pacific Ocean, was protracted throughout the nineteenth century. Oregon, which was in part occupied by England and in part by the U.S., and the lands owned by Mexico, were an obstacle to such expansion and, consequently, to the economic development. The presidential candidate James K. Polk, guided by the ideology of Manifest Destiny, promised that, if elected, he would push the United States territory westward. His campaign slogan for the occupation of Oregon was “Fifty-four forty or fight”, which was the north latitude that he intended to occupy. In 1846, Great Britain agreed to set the border at the 49th parallel.
In 1845, John O’Sullivan famously said, “…our manifest destiny to overspread the continent allotted by Providence for the free development of our yearly multiplying millions”(Document A). His idea of Manifest Destiny was that it was America’s God-given right to spread their population, and along with them the ideas of liberty and democracy, across the continent of North America. During the 1840’s, President James K. Polk worked diligently to fulfill these ideals. This resulted in America gaining most of western North America, including the half of the Oregon territory from Britain and Texas and California from Mexico. Although Manifest Destiny had a few benefits, the negative consequences far outweigh these gains.
Manifest Destiny was the term used by John O’Sullivan to describe America’s desire to expand West due to reasons including both the vast amount of unclaimed land and the opportunities Americans wanted to explore. During this time, Americans believed that it was their God-given right to expand West, and therefore they were entitled to push away any groups that were in their way. Due to the mindset that the Americans could do as they pleased with the groups of people who got in their way, Manifest Destiny affected many groups of people, including the American Indians and Slaves, and continued to build up the preexisting tension between the North and South. One of the groups of people affected greatly by Manifest Destiny were the Native Americans. Manifest Destiny affected the American Indians by spreading foreign diseases to them as they moved Westward, through the Native American territory.
In Thomas Paine’s pamphlet, “The Crisis, No 1” (1776), Paine propounds that the colonists establish a sovereign American nation free of British tyranny. Paine fortifies this declaration using pathos: giving this idea of living in a joyous America without a ruthless tyrant promotes the emotion of hope, and supplying people a vision for a brighter future. Paine’s purpose is to reveal how uplifting living in a free country would be like in order to motivate the colonists into uniting and fighting for their independence. Paine is aiming his work at both soldiers and colonists who are struggling with the outset of war against
Presidential speeches symbolize the American way of life, inspiring hopes for the future. Consider the following quote from Calvin Coolidge’s 1925 inaugural address: “We have been, and propose to be, more and more American. We believe that we can best serve our own country and most successfully discharge our obligations to humanity by continuing to be openly and candidly, intensely and scrupulously, American. If we have any heritage, it has been that.
She states that her explanations should not be necessary by pointing out the double standard between men and women. Her use of counterargument along with the aforementioned combine to strengthen and solidify her purpose to both inspire young American women and prove the effectiveness of her radical actions. In the year 1913, Emmeline Pankhurst went to Hartford, Connecticut to deliver a speech to American women, invigorating them to support the suffragettes’ cause in England. Before one can understand the speech, one must know the historical context that landed Pankhurst in Connecticut.
The painting shows how the Americans progress is coming along so well, but on the other side of the painting it shows the Natives fleeing from them. On one side of the painting it is bright with the American progress, on the other it is dark showing the Natives and the buffalo running away from the Americans. Because that's what the Americans were doing, whether they meant to or not i'm not sure. The Native Americans were being pushed across North America to the west by the settlers.
Independence from Great Britain was a milestone leading the Americans to building and excel in establishing the United States of America as a country in a whole. Americans felt as if it was their abounding duties to expand westward and settle throughout North America. The term of Manifest Destiny first came about in 1845 by journalist John L. O’Sullivan. O’Sullivan used the term to acknowledge the Americans expansion westward as a “God given” right. The process of Manifest Destiny from 1783 to 1870 promoted development and expansion westward to help form the United States as it is today.
An example of this is “"For the support of this declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes and our sacred Honor" (Jefferson 146). Jefferson is willing to give up anything to protect America, to be better off alone without Britain. Benjamin Franklin was also willing to give his life to perfect himself. He sent 24 hours a day making sure he abided by his quest for personal independence through the thirteen virtues he constricted. Just like how Jefferson Was willing to put everything on the line for independence.
Abraham Lincoln’s purpose for the establishment of the Gettysburg Address was to win the Civil War and push America forward. Lincoln emphasizes the ideal of his purpose to motivate the readers on continuing fighting. Lincoln goes in depth with his word choices to enlighten the audience with high devotion on accomplishing his future vision. Lincoln persistently used the word “dedicate” in order to highlight devotion. To begin with, Lincoln states, “dedicated to the proposition.”
In 1845, the idea of Manifest Destiny was created by John O’Sullivan. Manifest Destiny continued to have a large impact on the development of the U.S. Furthermore, Manifest Destiny helped unite the U.S. through the common goal to expand, however, it further developed the split on slavery. Documents one, four, and six show that Manifest destiny led to a common goal to expand westward, specifically, unifying whig and democratic parties to a common objective. The first document was from a Whig journal and it is clear that he was for expansion,” the natural progress of events will undoubtedly give us that province[California]”(document one).
In his opinion, the great blessings that America enjoyed were something that every country should experience. Therefore he fought for the ratification of the Treaty as it would support his belief, with one of his strategies being the League of Nations. This was a step away from isolation and neutrality and America would become more involved in the affairs of other