Introduction In the following, I am going to analyse Marx and Weber 's social conflict views of stratification and in what way their views resemble and to what extend they differ from each other. At first, I will provide an explanation of stratification in general. Thereupon, I will define Karl Marx 's ideas and point of view of stratification. Then I am going to analyse Max Weber ' s aspects of stratification.
His characters are divided into a social class. The society believed that they had skewed views and so social boundaries were deemed necessary. In the Great Gatsby, It is seen that there are three different types of class. These are the upper class, the middle class, and the lower class. In the following paragraphs, I will examine their roles.
For instance, the size of your home, where you live (Beverly hills or a homeless shelter) can all be classified as status symbols that in the eyes of society represent who you are which can allow or deny an individual of certain rights. Both statuses are equally important. They offer a different view of life that explains why stigma, bias, and lack of opportunity exist. To understand why the powerful, remain in control and the poor and working class struggle. we must not lose focus on the key issue which is how there is an existing belief and understanding which implies these two groups are not in
Social classes were more of a social relationship rather than a position or rank in society. The bourgeoisie could not exist without the proletariat, or vice-versa. Classes are an essential aspect of production, the division of labor and the labor process. The relationship between the rich and the poor is further contradictory in that it is not just two sets of interests, but there is no resolution of the capital-labor contradiction within the organization of capitalism as a system. As stated by Rummel (1977), Marx observed the society to its main classes, and the struggle amid them as the engine of modification.
Unlike the other theories and groups of theories that have been discussed so far, critical criminology focuses on social conditions and constructs on a much larger, systematic scale. In Bonger’s theory of Criminality and Economic Conditions, he emphasizes the connection between poor economic standing and crime and also the connection between good economic standing and crime. In a capitalist society, the set-up is much like a barter system, in which work is exchanged for wages for individuals to live off of. Bonger used the term egoism to define what capitalism causes people to; their focus is only on themselves and what they want to gain. “In his view, capitalism breeds egoism because it is, by its very nature, an economic system in which individual
At some point in their professional jobs people will most likely experience a disconnect or alienation to their job. According to Dalton Conley, author of the book “You May Ask Yourself: An Introduction to Thinking like a Sociologist”, he notes that even though Smith and Simmel saw the benefits of the division of labor, Marx saw alienation. Dalton defines alienation as, “A condition in which workers are dominated by forces of their own creation that then confront them as alien powers” (Conley 2015), which comes with working in a capitalist society. Alienation occurs when the worker is not allowed to express individuality in the industrial jobs controlled by the bourgeoisie. This is because capitalists ensure that workers can be exploited to attain the maximum surplus value while being isolated from the products they produce.
In a nutshell, the theory posit that stratification holds that inequality is harmful to society because it creates a fixed system of winners and losers. Again, losers who are at the bottom of the social stratification have little opportunity to improve their situation since those at the top tend to have far more political and economic power. Antonio Gramsci Cultural
With respect to this, social class is perceived in the sociology as the combination of economic and political characteristics that identify the belonging of a person to a definite group. The most common approach to the differentiation of classes is the stratification “according to their relations to production and acquisition of goods” (Textbook, p. 193). This idea was suggested by Karl Marx and offered the basis for his division of the society into the bourgeoisie and the proletariat. However, Max Weber pointed out the weakness of Marx's theory referring to its foundation on economic indicators only and offering a wider perspective including the introduction of status groups that are stratified “according to principles of their consumption of goods as represented by special 'styles of life'” (Textbook, p. 193).
Any form of social inequality arises based on the fact that any given society is organized by various hierarchies based on race, gender, economic class, and other social factors; and such factors determine people’s ability to access rights and resources in ways that tend to make these rights and resources unequally distributed (Mackenbach, 2017). Social inequality can fall in many forms, which include wealth and income inequality; differential treatment of different classes of people by the law enforcement and the existing judicial system; unequal access to the existing education opportunities and the society’s cultural resources; unequal political representation; and the inequality based on a certain group of people’s membership in a given society. These are basically the five different types of inequalities that could
Structural theory and Social Action Structural theory implies that the structures of society are the most important influences upon the individuals in that society. Marx assumed that there were two main classes, i.e. the capitalists and the proletariat. Individuals belonging to the proletariat have relatively little freedom of choice and materialistic considerations dominate how society is formed. Karl Marx predicted that the rich would become richer and the poor would become poorer. In practice, in Western Europe, and in particular in the United Kingdom, the rich may have become richer, but the poor have also become richer in real terms.
Christopher Hayes investigates the influence of the elite that hindered the rising of the middle class and prevented the overturning of capitalistic regime. Hayes explores the concept of meritocracy revealing the issues that prevent equal opportunity for all citizens. Thus, Hayes theorizes that the uprising of the rising middle class may have been unachievable based on the unequal distribution of power and resources that promote the endurance of the elite. Hayes suggests that elite is both a social status that pertains to specific ideological assumptions of this class, alongside with the economic associations of the elite as a social construct embedded in society. Hayes reflects on major historical times that promoted the supremacy of the elite.