Max Weber Sociology

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Sociology can be defined as the systematic study of social behaviour and human groups. It mainly focuses on the influence of social relationships on people’s attitudes and behaviour and on how societies are established and how the change overtime [1]. A popular debate in the foundation of the discipline has been whether it should be treated as natural science or as a social science. The issue led to the division of sociologists. Three major theoretical perspectives can be identified at the foundation of sociology. This essay will critically outline the key concepts of Max Weber’s contribution to the foundations of academic discipline of sociology as it is known today.
Max Weber and Capitalism
Max Weber tackled capitalism from a bureaucratic
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Weber noted numerous types of sociological actions. Firstly, formal rationality and in this action, the behaviour in both the goal and the means are rationally chosen [2]. For one to have a goal, rational steps should be taken in order to achieve it. Secondly, he noted the substantive rational action, which is characterised by striving for goal which in itself may not be rational, but which is nonetheless pursued by rational means. Thirdly, it is affective action, which is behaviour that is encouraged in emotional state of the actor rather than in the rational wing of the means and ends. Lastly it is the traditional action, which is behaviour that is guarded by customary habits of thought. After discussing the four types of action, Weber went further than a mere classification scheme. He developed the typology because he was primarily concerned with modern society and how it differs from societies of the past. He then proposed that the distinguishing feature of the modern society was a characteristics shift in the motivation of the individual behaviour. This classification of types provides a basis for his investigation of social evolutionary process in which behaviour has come to be increasingly dominated by goal orientated rationality and less and less by tradition, values and…show more content…
Legal authority is anchored in the impersonal rules that have been legally established, it has come to characterise social relations in modern society. Traditional authority often dominates pre-modern societies, it is based on the belief of sanctity of tradition and eternal past. Charismatic authority rest on the appeal of the leaders who claim allegiance because of the force of their extra ordinary personalities. This provides evidence to suggest that Weber was aware that in the empirical reality, mixtures will be found in the legitimation of
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