Despite growing cultural acceptance of diverse sexual and romantic orientations and gender identifications, oppression, marginalization and discrimination of LGBTQI or “queer” people persist. I will use the inclusive term “queer” throughout this paper to encompass the entire non-heterosexual and non-gender-conforming community (Coulter & France, 2013; Martin, Shepherd, & Lehr, 2015). Common among the queer community is their historically marginalized social status relative to society’s social norm of heterosexuality. Their status as “other” is the basis of stigma, prejudice, discrimination and violence (Lefler, 2012). The purpose of this paper is to discuss the vital role counsellors play in meeting the mental health needs of queer clients …show more content…
Homophobic beliefs lead to prejudiced actions at work, school, in families and communities. Homophobia is an irrational fear and hatred of same-sex attractions that do not conform to rigid sex-role stereotypes (Coulter & France, 2013). Homophobia is expressed through prejudice, discrimination, harassment or violence. Transphobia is when this prejudice and discrimination are directed at transsexual and transgender people. Homophobia and transphobia are not just experienced by people who are queer, but by people who are thought to be queer because they do not necessarily fit into assigned gender roles. Homophobic views directed at homosexuals often stem from the perception that homosexual activity is immoral, sinful, and wrong. Homophobia makes people think they are superior to homosexuals. Heterosexism is the assumption that everyone is, or should be, heterosexual and that heterosexuality is the only “normal and correct type of lifestyle” and “superior to alternative relationships” (Coulter & France, 2013, p. 24). Heterosexism is the systematic and institutional oppression of queer people (Coulter & France, 2013) therefore, people who identify as heterosexual have certain privileges that queer people do …show more content…
Queer people face higher rates of depression, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive and phobic disorders, suicidality, self-harm, and substance use, as well, are twice as likely to develop post-traumatic stress disorder. Queer youth and trans people face increased risk. Queer youth face approximately 14 times the risk of suicide (DeAngelis, 2002) and more likely to suffer substance abuse than their heterosexual peers. According to an Ontario-based survey, 77% of trans respondents have seriously considered suicide and 45% had attempted suicide (Lefler,
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The Latino culture has very strong ideas of the masculine and feminine image and what is accepted from each gender identity. The Lesbian, Gay, Bi-sexual, and Queer (LGBTQ) Latinidad community as a result often do not fit into the roles their society expected them to fill. Due to the conflict in beliefs between the sexual orientation and ethnic background of a Latinidad LGBTQ member, they can face various difficulties that lead into mistreatment from themselves and the surrounding world. They often experience: a lack of acceptance in society, hash treatment, depression, self-hate, and resentment from their own religion.
LGBTQ (Lesbian, Gay, Transsexual) youth homelessness makes up only 5 to 7 percent of the general youth population, yet up to 40 percent of youth experiencing homelessness. Many LGBTQ youth face harassment, victimization, violence, social stigma, rejection, and discrimination in their families, schools, employment, and social settings. LGBTQ identified youth ages 13 to 17, provides important information regarding how LGBTQ young people experience life in their communities. Nearly half of LGBTQ youth (47 percent) surveyed they do not “fit in” in their community, while only 16 percent of non LGBTQ youth reported feeling that way. 63 percent stated that they will need to move to another part of the country in order to feel accepted.
Hatred against the LGBTQ begins with the environment and people we are surrounded by in our daily lives. Individuals often justify their actions by claiming that they feel “invaded” and “menaced” in the presence of a person who identifies as a homosexual. For instance, in the article “L.G.B.T. People Are Most Likely to Be Targets of Hate Crimes,” by Haeyoun Park explains how a psychology professor, Mr. Herek, states how same sex marriage usually trigger those who strongly oppose this shifting culture. “They may feel that the way they see the world is a threatened, which motivates them to strike out in
In Jonathan Alter’s “Degrees of Discomfort” (published March 12,1990), he determines whether or not homophobia is equivalent to racism. That is one question that can be debated all day long by individuals. Some people believe that homophobia is equal to racism, while others believe that homophobia is worse than racism. Instead of arguing for one of these sides, Alter explores why homophobia was considered less serious than racism. Alter writes about both sides of the argument, while he keeps his thoughts neutral.
Liam Delaney Mr. Musgrove Senior comp Lit 16 February 2023 LGBTQ+ Mental Health: An Overview of Current Research and Implications for Practice LGBTQ+ individuals are a diverse group of people who face various mental health challenges due to the stigma and discrimination they experience. Despite progress toward greater acceptance and inclusion in recent years, many LGBTQ+ individuals continue to face discrimination, harassment, and violence, which can negatively impact their mental health. This paper provides a comprehensive overview of current research on LGBTQ+ mental health, highlighting key findings and implications for practice. Studies consistently show that LGBTQ+ individuals experience higher rates of mental health problems than their
After reading the case studies about Sam, Brandon, and Diego, the different approaches that were done for each individual were potential for each client to reach their goal/outcome. Each client had different issues pertaining to the stigma of their sexuality. The clients in their case study were affect by the stigma of being gay, along with their self-identity. They were bothered by how others would and did view them, while also dealing with other problems of depression, thoughts of suicide, and abuse.
The hostility between homosexual individuals and supporters and strict, religious people illustrates a divide in the country consisting of different views; Both groups pressure, rationalize, and stereotype the other, but in the end one group is angry and the other is hurt, and no movement to evolve the situation exists. In the past and in modern-day, American homosexuals and heterosexuals get scrutinized and disgraced because of their opinions in groupthink and towards one another. One group stereotypes outsiders because what they believe is different from their opinion. The groupthink article defines stereotyping out-groups as when “people outside the group who criticize decisions and actions are viewed as “enemies” who do not know what
Institutionalized discrimination against homosexuals stems from systemic stereotypical beliefs, where negative stereotypes and discrimination are the norm. For example in some Middle Eastern countries it’s normal to imprison a homosexual. Here in America it’s almost twice as hard for a minority homosexual man to be open in corporate America, depending on what state you live in. In more liberal states such as California, it may be more acceptable. However, in southern states such as Georgia, that behavior is shunned and not openly talked about.
Recent statistics state LGBTI (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Intersex) youth are six times more likely to attempt suicide than their heterosexual peers (LGBTI Health Organsation, 2017) with over 80% of abuse against LGBTI youth occurring in schools (Bully Zero Australia Foundation, 2017). The bullying and violence against LGBTI youth in schools ultimately has a negative effect on the student’s mental health and school performance. This investigation focuses on ‘How supportive are South Australian high schools of LGBTI students? ,’ detailing the policies and programs schools undertake regarding the education of students and teachers on LGBTI issues. Three questions will be used to examine the issue ‘Why do schools need to support LGBTI students?,’ which will ultimately illustrate the effects of students being marginalised and harassed in a “safe” environment.
Notably, the “T” in LGBT stands for transgender, which includes those who do not conform to the traditional ideals of their ‘gender’ or birth sex (Ard & Makadon, 2012). In some cases, these individuals may decide to go through hormonal therapy or surgery to alter their gender identity. Due to the fact that the transgender population in the US is known to only be 0.3%, many are uneducated about the medical needs of these individuals, including physicians (Ard & Makadon, 2012). Moreover, a policy to diminish LGBT care disparities should also educate people (especially physicians) in understanding the cultural context of their patients’ lives (LGBT individuals) in order for all people to attain the best possible
Society has limits and ideals, and if you don’t agree or try to test them society will find a way to limit them. For example, in Clint Smith’s “The Danger of Silence”, he talks about someone he knew who was gay. “When Christian was beat up for being gay, I put my hand in my pocket and walked with my head down as if I didn’t even notice.” (Smith). Being gay is not an ideal in society, so people judge gay people and beat them up.
These debates are still hot topics in the current gender dysphoria reformulations in the Statistical and Diagnostic Manual as well as the International Classification of Diseases. They are imitated in micro-aggressions which transgender, bisexual, gay, and lesbian patients face during mental health care. The authors
In conclusion, the circumstances and conditions that lead an individual to commit suicide are extremely complex. However, with LGBTQ youth, understanding the dynamic of societal and familial conditions that are consistent among reported incidents of suicide or attempted suicide in this group is crucial for prevention. It is our culture’s intolerance of homosexuality, which is often violent, that leads many teens to consider suicide and an alarming number to take their own lives. The popular assumption that an LGBTQ individual is inherently at risk for suicide is evidence of our culture’s inability to understand or accept differences in sexual orientation or sexual expression. Our intolerance is reflected in the incidents where these people are targeted and bullied because of their perceived sexual orientation or because they do not conform to accepted gender expectations.
Youth have to deal with a variety of problems and issues while growing up. The American Psychological Association Guideline for Psychological Practice with Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Clients has guidelines that a professional should follow when working with youth. When working with youth a counselor needs to be self-aware, understanding, and make sure that they are knowledgeable of issues dealing with youth. “Psychologists strive to understand the unique problems and risks that exist for lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth”. The importance and impact of this guideline can help and assist children by helping them to learn problem solving skills that would assist these youth in behavior problems grief, post-traumatic stress.
Minority sexual orientation is also associated with higher levels of mental health morbidity in Australian women. Over 34.8 per cent of lesbian and bisexual women had been diagnosed with depression by a doctor compared to 22.8 per cent of women in the general population. Almost one in five (19.3 per cent) lesbian and bisexual participants in a West Australian study reported current treatment for a mental health problem including anxiety, depression, and stress-related problems compared to 8.5 per cent of women in the general population. Stigmatisation, discrimination and lack of social support may play a role in explaining poorer mental