Although the UNODC(United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime) is continuously monitoring and researching global illicit drug markets in order to gain a more comprehensive understanding of their dynamics.But drug trafficking continues to be a big problem throughout the world. Civilians usually pay the price due to drugs gangs
The violent culture of Guatemala has left the omnipresent violence and societal issues unquestioned by many. Within the past decade, violence has become an alternate form of justice used to create social control. These acts are the result of a lack of faith in the justice system and government institutions, which have elements similar of those during the Civil War. The methods used combine traditional authority with Civil War-based methods of repression. Between 2000 and 2006, the number of homicides doubled, multiplying from 2,904 to 5,885, and increasing during the years in between.
A cartel has basic structures and rigid hierarchies. The three most important cartels in Mexico and at the same time those with the most power are the Tijuana Cartel, Sinaloa Cartel and the Los Zetas. Officials estimate that the drug trade makes up three to four percent of Mexico's $1.2 trillion annual GDP—totaling as much as $30 billion. It is believed that the cartels and the whole drug industry employs at least half a million people. But the estimated number of unknown members could be much higher.
The drug use in Mexico is a topic that has been really analyzed and discussed lately. A lot of people are against and a lot of people support them. It is a complicated topic due that in Mexico the drug war and the drug cartels are present in our cities. Since the legalization of cannabis in some states of the US, this topic has risen in Mexico. Drug dealing in Mexico has been present in our society from long time ago, and trafficking between the US and Mexico has been risen a lot.
Many drug wars have happened as well, such as the Colombian, Mexican, Miami, Philippine and Puerto Rican drug wars. There have been film documentaries on this topic. As for the United States, most of its drugs come from Mexican drug cartels, in which 195 cities have been effected by this. An estimation of around $10 billion of the Mexican drug cartel’s profit have come from the United States, further pushing America’s economic dependence on drugs. Despite many campaigns to reduce drug trafficking, the United States is currently the worlds largest importer of narcotics.
Part B: Examine the consequences of the conflict on individuals, groups and countries either directly or indirectly affected by the conflict There are many impacts and consequences of the criminal violence in Mexico upon the civilians experiencing it, the criminal groups causing it and the countries trying to stop it. Criminal violence damages the psychological, economical and social areas of life for Mexican citizens and various other countries involved. The individuals, due to the nature of the conflict, experience most of the consequences of criminal violence. The results of research (based on a sample of 333 people from 15 of Mexico’s 32 states, part of a study done by Mauricio Meschoulam) showed that 51 percent of the people surveyed said violence affected their work life, 72 percent their social life and 58 percent their family life. Furthermore 42 percent said that violence had an impact on their economic status
To begin, both Sternberg and Walters show great concern about the serious drug problem in America. Sternberg states that American is losing the war on drugs people need a solution to solve the drug problem. He mentions that death toll from heroin increased a lot since 2010, we have to do something for this. Like Sternberg, Walters also realized that drug has become a very serious problem in America. He asserts that drug flooding into America from Mexico cause the high heroin death rate.
During times where crackdowns on drug-related crimes were prevalent, higher rates in crime were almost always observed. During a thirteen year period in which an immense crackdown on drugs was initiated, property crime rates increased by 13.2 percent, homicide went up by 16.2 percent, and robbery skyrocketed to levels 83.3 percent higher than they had been prior (Miller n.pg.). The correlation between more punishment to those committing drug-related offenses, and an increase in crime rates is not a coincidence. When the United States made it more difficult to access drugs, users were forced to pay greater sums of money to have access to these same substances due to their limited supply. This forced those individuals to commit acts of robbery in order to acquire the money needed to afford drugs.
The world population has reached 7 billion people. Of these, an estimated 230 million people or 5% of the world’s adult population abused drugs at least once in 2010 according to United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (2011). Approximately 27 million (0.6% of the world adult population) are problem drug users or drug addicts (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, 2011). Drug addicts require treatment. In 2009, 4.5 million people worldwide were receiving treatment for problems related to drug abuse, though the need is much higher.
For some, freedom is not given. For some, freedom is how things are in which a common situation in everyday life. Realize it or not, human trafficking is still happening today. For every 30 seconds, another person becomes a victim of the trafficking industry. Today, according to ILO research, not only there are more than 21 million people being trafficked worldwide but also an illegal annual profits that may exceeds USD $150 billion, in such a way making trafficking industry as the second largest black market industry in the world.
There have been many causes due to the United States of America and Mexico border disputes. These include its extensive history through sources such as the several past wars and the countless disputes between residents. With the strong issue of territorial claims that contradict each other, treaties have been seen as useless with an even more inadequate attempt of fence construction as seen in Image 1. With many bandits and thieves in this area, drug trafficking and illegal immigration is an impending dilemma. Image 1 (NEED TO BE CAPTIONED) Already referred to With Mexico and the United States being quite contrasting in cultures, dilemmas are inevitable with Mexico being a developing country* and the United States of America being a developed one*.
Each year, the overall prison population surpassed the 1 million mark (Lurigio & Loose, 2008). As a result of the war on drugs, the total number of individuals incarcerated went from 581,000 in 1980 to 1,584,000 by 1997. Strict drug laws have caused incarceration rates to escalate at an alarming pace over the last 40 years. According to the Bureau of Justice Statics, in 1996 the African American incarceration rate was 1,574 per 100,000, seven times higher than the rate for Whites. Researchers have discovered that the war on drugs has led to the overcrowding of African Americans in the prison system (Lurigio & Loose, 2008).