The challenge involved working with the Army’s protocol in place at the time for dealing with the health of wounded or dead soldiers and sanitary conditions among camps due to a lack of proper shelter. Letterman noted that transportation has an important influence upon the manner in which wounded soldiers are attended to after a battle and that there must be adequate shelters to tend to the wounds of soldiers. As Letterman declared to the General, “if the transportation is not sufficient to enable officers of the department to conduct it properly, the effect must fall upon the wounded” (“Dr. Letterman’s Gettysburg Report”). Letterman’s concept of the medicine wagon would soon prove to become a technological innovation for the Army. After all, as declared by Letterman in his “Report Detailing the Medical Department of the Army of the Potomac” the removal of so large a body of wounded was no small
Shortly following the conclusion of the United States’ conflict in Korea, the American military once again deployed its service members to Eastern Asia to combat and contain the spread of Communism; this time in the form of the Democratic Republic of North Vietnam. While the vast majority of the American populace recalls the Vietnam War as primarily an exercise of ground forces and maneuver, an often-overlooked aspect of the war is the significant contribution to strategy and successful adaptation to threats demonstrated by Air Defense Artillery Soldiers of the era. One of the more proud moments for the Air Defense Artillery Branch was their pivotal role in the Vietnam War. From the branch’s only Medal of Honor winner, to the Duster, and
During World War II, multiple tragedies occurred, such as the medical experiment that Jews and other cultures witnessed. The holocaust is truly an insult to humanity. (remember.org) Freezing, Burning, Injections, Surgeries, are just some of the many experiments that took place. This concept was definitely hard to believe that something like that would actually happen. Surgery during this time was thought to be insane, and unthought of.
You might think that doctors did it just to be ruthless but according to Dr. Jonathan Letterman(1863) “The surgery of these battle-fields has been pronounced butchery. Gross misrepresentations of the conduct of medical officers have been made to those who had friends or relatives in the army, who might at any moment require the services of a surgeon. But we perform these surgeries for the greater good.” Meaning that they perform amputations to help save lives and they are not just butchering up people 's arms and legs.
Ultimately, the speed of correspondence between Lincoln and his troops gave the Union an edge over the Confederacy because he was able to gain an overview of all the aspects of the war. Equally as important, new weapons bolstered the Union’s side of the war. Progressive developments in infantry warfare made the made war deadlier than ever because old military tactics were unable to keep up. Minié-balls, bullets made of soft lead that shattered on impact and caused more destruction than the old bullets. In addition, the new rifle was faster to load than muskets and had a range of up to 400 yards compared to the musket’s 80 yards with increased accuracy.
Other forms of weapons such as swords, ammunition and explosives also played a significant role in the Civil War. The Northern Army used advanced explosives like land mines and hand grenades to gain an advantage on the Confederate Army. The factories in the North, many of which were converted from food and other textiles, were resourceful in producing grenades out of materials like used artillery shells and glass. The Civil War also saw the development and use of the Minie Ball. The ball-shaped bullet expanded once expelled from the chamber, helping to increase both range and
One of the major surgeries of note that took place in the United States in 1809 was the ovariotomy of a Kentucky surgeon. Expected twins came to naught and a 20 pound ovarian tumor in Jane Crawford’s protruding belly needed to excised. Performed on Dr. McDowell’s kitchen table, before anesthesia, before sterilization, Mrs. Crawford sang hymns, lost 20 pounds and went on to live another 31 years. Medicine in the United States during the Civil War era was almost at a standstill. There were some medical advancements to note: 1846 Chloric ether gas (Chloroform) was used regularly to anesthetize patients before tooth extractions and surgeries.
A lot of the surgeries that were used were not brand new, and had been used before. However, many of them were not as common practice before the war than after. The most recognized surgery of the Civil War was amputation. Day after day doctors cut off the arms and legs of patients. The surgery only took around 10 minutes, and limbs were thrown on top of a pile that sometimes reached five feet tall.
Denis Whittaker also explains how the discipline and performance of some of the soldiers was disgraceful during the battle as , “They went to ground and never got up”. The bad discipline of the troops can be blamed on the colonels and officers at higher levels who did not set the right example for the troops. Insufficient and ineffective artillery combined with undisciplined troops is a recipe for defeat and disaster
As history progressed through time, war has evolved but from the first conflict between man to current engagements, war will always be based around military logistics. As defined in history.com, logistics is the supply, movement and maintenance of an armed force both in peacetime and under operational conditions. Unlike any war up to the 1861, the Civil War introduced the first infantry regiment of sharpshooters. As a sharpshooter you were assign the mission to kill enemy target of importance. According to Infantry Bugler, Hiram Berdan, founder of the Sharpshooters, was appointed as the colonel of the 1st United States Sharpshooter Regiment.
He used catgut ligatures and silk threads to tie arteries during amputations instead of cauterising the wound. This was very effective but what Pare didn 't know was that the catgut and the silk threads were not sterile and infections often happened . Pare’s book ‘Work’s of surgery’ was published
(Owen 3,4,15). Personifying the weapons demonstrates how pure soldiers have their innocence stolen from them through forced and blind usage of such deadly instruments. Accordingly, it is the weapons who truly receive the last laugh in the war as they kill both physically and spiritually, while soldiers are forever wounded in ways that can and cannot be seen.