Despite some earlier successes, the Spanish captured and executed Hidalgo, effectively making him a martyr for the movement, which only strengthened the fervor of the fight. Following the death of Father Hidalgo, Father Jose Maria Morelos takes over and becomes a leader in south. He is responsible for drafting the constitutional decree that abolished slavery and declared inde-pendence for Mexico. After years of guerilla warfare, Spanish officials capture Father Morelos during his fourth military campaign and execute him for treason. Elites, Creoles and Peninsulares realize the inevita-bility of Mexican Independence and join the movement in order to control the outcome in a benefitting way.
Portilla points out how wary this made the Mexicas about their new “guests” and how they immediately reported what they saw to their king. By the time the Spaniards marched all the way to the Aztec metropolis, Tenochtitlan, they had created several allies. Portilla explains that the people that sided with the Spaniards were enemies that had been conquered by the Aztec. The Mexica’s began to resent their “gods” and mistrust King Motcuhzoma for letting the Spanish conquistadors wreak havoc among the natives and their customs. Before long the author begins to describe the many battles fought between the Aztec warriors and the strangers.
Even so, Montezuma, the emperor of the Aztecs, had to ruin the victory. As he had many options to choose from but he ended up choosing the wrong one many times. To sum up, could the Aztecs have won against the Spaniards? The Aztecs were peoples who
But Atahuallpa threw the Bible onto the ground. This set off the priest so he called upon the rest of the 168 Spanish to attack. As Jared Diamond explained “The envoy saw the Spaniards at their most disorganized, told Atahuallpa that they were not fighting men, and that he could tie them all up if given 200 Inca” (79). The Inca lost at least 7,000 men in that battle and it was all because they were being cocky and decided to rush into things not even knowing their military strength. So after all these reasons, the Inca lost their battle against only 168 Spaniards because of their leaders ignorance, the Spaniards military advances, and their use of a very effective ambush.
In Spain, the royalty and the venturesome citizens had something in common; a desire for gold and power. The conquistadors of the Spanish Conquest obliterated ancient Native American nations in The Americas using weapons, strategies, and other occurrences. Whilst the goals of the Spaniards may not have been remarkably vicious, they ended up completely leveling progressive nations and spoiling decades or more of advancements in everything from mathematics to philosophy. My research has brought upon three topics: the goals of the Spanish Conquest, the stories of the Native American empires, and the destruction of said empires. As has been noted, the Spanish conquistadors wanted gold and exorbitant commodities.
Consequently, the moment the Incas heard the gun shot they ran in terror as they thought the sound was thunder. Since the Incas broke ranks it made it easy for the Spanish to kill Incas on their horses. The invention of using gun powder has a weapon had come from the Chinese and this knowledge had then been passed on to the Spanish. However the Incas were very isolated and as a result they did not gain knowledge from neighbouring civilizations like the Aztecs. This shows that due to their lack of specialization they did not explore and gain
Diseases probably played the biggest role in the collapse of the Incan empire. Shortly before the arrival of Pizarro, the smallpox epidemic had just killed the Incan emperor and most of his court. Then, there was a civil war between Atahuallpa and his brother Huascar regarding who should be emperor next. If it had not been for the epidemic the Spaniards would have faced a united empire. 23.
Fortunately for him Napoleon at the time needed money to found his wars with other countries. Napoleon made the decision to get his funds by selling him the whole territory. These actions had a great impact on the U.S. because there was now other issues to deal with. For the most part the Native Americans left the 13 states and headed west, but now with this expansion they lived
Chaos swept over the Indians and the rebellion. They went on a rampage and fell murderously upon the Indians. Bacon suddenly dies of disease. Berkeley crushed the rebellion with brutally hanging more than twenty of the rebels (Document B). Later on both Virginia and Maryland employed the “headright” system to encourage the importation of servant workers (Document C).
“The fighting in Bexar raged with a house-to-house assault unlike anything the Mexican army had before experienced” (Lee, n.d.). General Cos’ surrendered from the Alamo on December 9, 1835 with 200 of his men dead and many more wounded. The Mexican surrender and the siege of the Alamo brought immediate retaliation from Santa Anna. He quickly assembled a force of 8,000 men and pushed mercilessly towards Texas. He was determined to crush all opposition and teach the Texans a lesson (Lee,
With the first wave of Spanish colonization of the New World, many indigenous peoples were killed and their lands were seized and their way of life was destroyed (Tindall 26-27). When the Spanish showed up, they greatly overpowered indigenous peoples. They had iron, seafaring vessels, firearms, explosives, and swords, with indigenous peoples had copper, dugout canoes, arrows, and tomahawks (Tindall 27). This is immoral because the indigenous peoples would have no chance against the Spanish, and killing the indigenous people was senseless since they couldn’t fight back well anyway. When indigenous people were threatened by people in a village Columbus left behind, they attacked, killing ten people, only to lead to a retaliation that decimated their numbers (Tindall 21).
Spanish Conquistadors Defeat the Aztecs and Incas: 1519–1537 Global Events Article Take Notes on Important or Interesting ideas from the text. Within the 15 century the new world was discovered by the europeans The spaniards have funded expeditions on achieving their main goal gathering resources The population of tenochtitlan had over 20,000 people and had ran a complex societies. They also had better architecture in tenochtitlan and aztec When the spaniards have approached montezuma they were greeted but then he was held hostage and was killed The conflict of the inca, aztec and the europeans have had battles and technology advances. Some were betrayed other effects on the empires had to sacrifice some for others Once the european conquest happened the native people were under the control of the monarch and were considered second class citizen Spain had taken initiative of conquering the lands that some natives have left behind. Helping spain become a world power Some of the traditions that the spaniards have brought like christianity have impacted ancient traditions Spaniards have launched funded expeditions for gathering natural