The first step that Hernan Cortes took was sail to Santo Domingo (now the Dominican Republic) in 1504, his first key achievement came in 1511, when he helped to conquer what is now Cuba with Diego Velazquez. After this Cortes gained a lot of power and good
Most books have either portrayed Hernán Cortés as either a brave conquistador hero who helped transform Mexico for Spanish use, or as a cruel racist who helped instill a genocide upon millions of Mexican natives. The truth, however, can be a lot less black or white. In the book Victors and Vanquished: Spanish and Nahua Views of the Conquest of Mexico, we see that the moral nature of Cortés is more grey than most think. Cortés, in his conquest of Mexico, has performed good and bad deeds towards his own men and towards the Nahua people.
Cortés was forced to retreat and rebuild his army. He spent the next 10 months conquering other Native Americans and enlisting them as allies against the Aztecs. He also received Spanish reinforcements from Cuba. Cortés invaded the Aztec Empire again in the spring of 1521. He began the siege of Tenochtitlán on May 26. His men stormed the city on August 13 and captured Cuauhtémoc. The old city was destroyed, and Cortés built the new capital of Mexico City on the ruins. He sent out expeditions to pacify the people of present-day Guatemala, Honduras, and the Pacific coast. Cortés served as governor of the new province of New Spain until
Conquistadors: A Conquistador is a leader in the Spanish conquest of the Americas. They were individuals whose weapons, organizational skills, and determination brought them remarkable success. Hernan cortes was a very important conquistador because he defeated the Aztec empire, and took over Mexico for Spain. Francisco Pizarro was an also an important conquistador because he brought over weapons, gunpowder, and horses and he discovered the Incas and then he conquered the Inca empire. Francisco Vasquez de coronado was an explorer and a conquistador who led a large voyage from Mexico to present-day Kansas.
Conquistador, written by Buddy Levy about the famous ventures of Hernan Cortes, places the reader in the 16th century, or the era c.1450-c. 1750 ce. During this time, the idea of exploration was spreading quickly, as kingdoms and empires in Europe sought to expand their territory. Portugal, with Spain following after, led the way for exploration as they headed south. Spain, however, ventured west, driven by a patriotic attitude of expanding past their borders. Levy tells the story of Hernan Cortes, originally setting sail from Spain, as he sailed from Cuba to the shores of Mexico in 1519, eager about the discovery of new lands. Cortes, as well as many other explorers during this time, was inspired by the Three G’s: God, gold, and glory. He planned to conquer the new lands for Spain, to convert the natives to Catholicism, and to obtain the riches of the land, mostly gold.
Diego was said to be a well known jokester, “plump master of Cuba who was said to be first-in-line to conquer Mexico,” as said in the book along with being money hungry, he went on two consecutive expeditions in two years leaving no supplies or money to go to another to follow a lead on the famous dream of El Dorado. Desperately, Velazquez convinced a wealthy man by the name of, Hernan Cortes, to fund and lead the expedition with responsibilities of bringing a substantial amount of treasures to him to give to the King of Spain in return of fame and fortune. Hernan Cortes was a very “vivacious, likable, and literate; he could even pepper his speech with Latin.” However, Cortes ambitious behaviour got the best of him when he departed from Velazquez before he could arrive on the boat before departing onto their journey, for Cortes wanted to take all the credit and treasures for himself and took the boat and crew, leaving with no contact for over two months. Velazquez wants to give Cortes the benefit of the doubt decided to wait to hear word from him, however, gave up when there were rumours of Cortes and his men meeting some Native Americans whom gave them large amounts of wealthy possessions and gave them shelter and became allies; soon Cortes sent samples of the treasures to the King to receive more funds and crew members to help the mining of the silver and gold that was plentiful in those
Juan de Onate, described as the last conquistador was a great person who led hundreds of families to settle in one of the oldest European colonies in the United States in search of unimaginable wealth. Juan de Onate was born in 1550 to aristocrats Cristobal de Onate and Catalina de Salazar in Vera Cruz, Mexico. Cristobal and Catalina were wealthy Spanish colonists and proud owners of a silver mine in Zacatecas, which is currently located in the north central Mexico. Juan involved himself in safeguarding his father’s silver mines right from an early age. As a child, Juan started accompanying his father in the raids against the Indians. Juan also led many campaigns at his own cost. When Juan was just twenty years old, he started defending and expanding Spanish settlements in the northern part of Mexico by conquering the Indian communities. Although Juan was born in New Spain, he never set his foot on the European land. Juan was a true Spaniard who devoted his life to the church, the king and the expansion of his empire.
While many worldviews exist, The fall of the Aztec empire was unavoidable.The Aztec’s were a group of people who were very religious and lived in Mexico for hundreds of years but one day a group of Spanish people arrived and executed all of the Aztec people. Many of them died from diseases the spanish brought with them like small pox. The others were killed by the spanish and some were taken to spain as slaves. This was led by an explorer named Hernan Cortes.
Hernan Cortes was born on 1485 in Medellin, Spain. Medellion was neighbored by Estramuda, which was known for the large amounts of conquistadors that hailed from there (Herrick 130). Estramuda and the surrounding towns were also known for being strong supporters of the estemadura shrine which was the original inspiration for the name Guadalupe. Hernan Cortes first landed on Hispaniola (Dominican Republic and Haiti) in 1504, he came with 600 men with the sole purpose of setting an establishing position in the Americas (Hamnett 59). There three
His foundation was a priest, nevertheless he had interest in political and social discussion ( New World). When he was first called upon to a parish, he brought along his ideas with him. Miguel Hidalgo was a normal commoner, passion for literature, learned several indigenous languages, wrote in Aztec, organized local communities, received a bachelor’s for theology in 1773 and, ordained in 1778 (New World). His earlier career was very uneventful only consisted of becoming a parish priest for the town of Dolores. That being said, his later years were his peak of his course, he will soon change the country’s beliefs for the next decade. Dolores, the town that his Cry occurred, was filled with parishioners for Miguel that agreed and supported him, even if called upon to fight with him. Miguel was not really a person the looked upon violence but did believe in certain occasions it will be needed. The beliefs of this individual were different at first, no one really knows when his ideas about the Spanish monarchy changed, but many assumed that it occurred when Ferdinand VII was thrown out of his throne and replaced by Bonaparte (New World). As a result, he became the leader for the development of rebelling from the new Spanish monarchy. Miguel became the main chief for the battles, and marchers even though he was not an military commander ,people trusted him. He marched for days,nights,weeks, and months as finally he battled for the Capital, Mexico City. His efforts were not strong enough and some say not wise. His leadership along side with Allende was enough for thousands of men agreed to fight for their liberty. When he was finally captured and executed, his accomplishments were seen by “All the city's dignitaries and officials” as a representation of the wave of the future.(New World). This
“I have not come here for such reasons, I have come to take away their gold.” That is some words Francisco Pizarro said from the past. Francisco Pizarro was known as one of the most successful conquerors in Spain. I will be discussing Francisco Pizarro's whole life, career, contributions, and what life would be like without Francisco Pizarro.
Cortés was sent on expedition to establish trading deals with the Natives in and around the Yucatan peninsula, under order of Diego Velázquez, who was the Governor of Cuba. Velázquez soon regretted his decision and to stop Cortés from ever leaving
Hernando De Alcorcon was a spanish navigator of the 16th century. He was born in Trujillo Extremadura. Alarcón 's mission was to provide supplies for Francisco Coronado 's expedition in search of the fabled Seven Cities of Cibola. They became first non-Indians to sight Alta California on September 5, 1540.
Porfirio Diaz was born on September 15, 1830, in Oaxaca, Mexico. Once he was born 15 years later he soon became a part of the priesthood. But once the war broke out he became part of the army. His military career then followed him. After many years in the military he was soon ascended to a general. For years after he was a general he then became the president of Mexico. He was well known for establishing a strong centralized state. He became president
Unhappy with the taxes and how his people were treated by Spain, Miguel Hidalgo Y Costilla made a strong speech and gained a large army. He took a stand against the Spanish and fought for the independence of his people. This ultimately led to Mexico’s independence and Hidalgo is remembered as a hero and a great founder of the