My purpose in this essay is to explain and analyze the Divine Command Theory. Divine Command Theory states that morality is ultimately based on the commands of God. I disagree with this theory because how do we know what concepts of God are true and what other concepts are false? There are so many religions making their own claims and interpretations that they believe are true. Therefore, how do we know then what God approves or disapproves of?
This kind of learning promotes independence within the learner and helps in developing creativity. Therefore, I make sure that I revisit topics to enhance my learner’s knowledge. As Bruner [Ref.2] rightly said that learners use prior experience to fit new information into pre-existing models. Motivation is a very important factor in learning. Learners need to understand the reasons or areas where they can use knowledge and then only they can get themselves involved in thinking.
A learning theory incorporates principles which aim at explaining changes in human performance, providing a set of instructional strategies, tactics, techniques to select from and the foundation for how and when to choose and integrate the strategies5. Learning theories offer insights into “what promotes learning effectiveness and how students learn”. Learning theories are based on principles that can guide effective teaching practice and facilitate deep versus surface learning”. Thus, to have the disposition that is required to be acquired by the learner, curriculum designers need to consider relevant and appropriate learning theories during curriculum design and implementation. The more learning theories are integrated in the curriculum design process; the more likely learners can be accommodated within the programme.
Some examples of each include: • Physical support: educators should be patient with the development of motor skills and development should be encourage but at the learners’ own pace. • Cognitive support: educators should design activities that help learners understand time and distance and size and distance, for example learners could experience it takes longer to jump around the table once than to jump around it twice • Emotional support: is given in the event of abuse for example, physical abuse, neglect, psychological abuse and/or sexual abuse, and must be reported. • Social support: includes creating activities that allow learners to build on their self-esteem, social support uses
The learner maintains frequently recurrent attention to the goal and motivation. At a certain moment there is a sudden perception of the relationship in the total situation and the organism directly performs the required acts. After getting an insightful solution, the individual tries to implement it in another situation. The learner reaches the ability to understand the relevant parts of the situation and overlooking the irrelevant
Piaget refers to schemas as a way for individuals to organize their knowledge. He theorized that individuals learn when they go through a situation that their mental schema can not process easily and this leads to disequilibrium. To re-equalize, according to Paigets theory, the mind has to adapt to using a new skill or assimilate some new information.
Metacognition regulates thinking and learning (Brown 1978; Nelson, 1996). There are three essential skills: planning, monitoring, and evaluating. Metacognition involves choosing the best way to approach a learning task. Students with good metacognitive skills set goals, organize their activities, select among various approaches to learning, and change strategies if needed. Metacognitive practices help students become aware of their strengths and weaknesses as learners, writers, readers,
A Clockwork Orange, written by Anthony Burgess, deals with the essence of humanity and morality. Being difficult topics to grapple with, many turn to a religious perspective to inform their beliefs on these subjects. Burgess himself is a strongly Catholic individual and this ideology shows through in the ideas presented by A Clockwork Orange. The book contains a number of allusions to the Bible, Jesus and God’s intentions for humanity. These religious references build upon each other to develop Burgess’ notion that God created humans with free will, and how this leaves humankind flawed and prone to evil tendences.
The adaptive skills approach aims at helping the person to adapt his/her existing skills to master problems and cope independently in various circumstances. It stresses the use of existing strengths to compensate for deficits. Methods may include modification of techniques required to perform the activity, development of new skills through exploration and practice, and adapting role or function to eliminate the need to perform the
The more we allow ourselves to lose our self-control the easier it becomes to do it again. There are three things to keep in mind if we want to be successful in both learning and teaching self-control: We must become self-aware so we can pick up on cues early and take action before a major reaction occurs. We must practice new behaviours and create new patterns to follow. In times of stress we take the path we are most familiar with, making our patterns repeat. We must have a real desire to succeed.