Let me start off by explaining what MS is. Multiple Sclerosis is when, for reasons scientists are not yet sure of, a person’s immune system attacks the myelin that covers and protects the spinal cord and nerve fibers in your brain. After the myelin is damaged, the nerve fibers then are attacked by the immune system as well. This causes nerve damage, fatigue, vision loss, poor balance, and more unpleasant side effects. Multiple Sclerosis itself isn’t necessarily the cause of death, however, it 's the complications of MS that take a great toll on one’s health.
What is Multiple Sclerosis: Multiple Sclerosis is primarily a T-cell mediated immune inflammatory disease that disrupts the regular functions of our central nervous system. Our central nervous system, the brain and the spine, are responsible for many of our voluntary and involuntary movements. However, in patients with Multiple Sclerosis, the immune system attacks the myelin sheaths that protect the nerves of the CNS. After repeated attacks, the myelin sheath will fall apart, and the immune cells will continue to attack the nerves themselves, which can be irreversibly damaged.
As of 2013, the number of people with MS was estimated to be over 2.3 million worldwide. ( atlas 2013) Most of the non-traumatic disabilities in young adults are caused by MS . It is considered that an interaction of genetic factors, environmental predisposition, and abnormal immune responses can be the chief causes of MS, But the exact etiology of MS is still in question . MS has been greatly studied within the recent years, but a great number of clinical challenges still remain in regard to diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment.
Of this total, sixty percent was attributed to direct cost and forty percent was attributed to indirect costs, which includes lost wages and early mortality. The impact of Multiple Sclerosis on life expectancy is negligible, a decrease of five to fifteen years, however, quality of life can be significantly impaired as a result of disability, depression and cognitive impairment. Currently, there is no cure for Multiple Sclerosis but there are several medications currently available that are proven to prevent the frequency of exacerbation. I have chosen to categorize these medications by their route of administration; injectable, oral and
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) Lupus is an autoimmune disease in which the body attacks its self. Lupus can affect different parts of the body including the skin, blood, kidneys, and joints. There are four different types of Lupus, Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, Cutaneous Lupus, Drug-Induced Lupus, and Neonatal Lupus. However, the most common and deadly lupus is Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE).
In “Am I MS?” Miriamne Ara Krummel talks about her personal journey she endured dealing with multiple sclerosis. Krummel further explains at the end how she was finally able to accept her diagnosis and to embrace it. She finds that it’s important to be open about the disease. She believes that, “it might be helpful if more people would talk about death and dying as an intrinsic part of life” (76-77).When she was first diagnosed, she had a difficult time coping with MS.
Higgins was diagnosed with Multiple Sclerosis when she was in college around twenty two years old. She was suffering from loss of vision and horrible migraines. She had a vision test, an MRI, and then a spinal tap. The MRI showed four lesions on her brain and the spinal tap confirmed the diagnosis because her spinal serum tests differently than healthy humans. Every month Higgins has an injection of medicine that is meant to help slow down the progression of her MS.
So how did she find out she had MS? Montgomery previously played soccer where she got injured during a game and was sent to the hospital where they found it in her foot after some scans, tests, etc., . Soccer then wasn 't an option anymore, so she turned to running. She trains 3 hours a day- 6 days a week, judging her pace ONLY through her legs and runners around her. Having a disease that could kill her anyday and moving, and pushing, and not being so negative about it, just
Imagine being a competitive athlete that can do almost anything and in a matter of seconds never being able to hug love ones or do the simple everyday tasks many take for granted. That’s how life is when a person is diagnosed with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) it’s a fatal disease that causes a person to lose complete control of their body and constantly need assistance. Having ALS also means having to watch the body deteriorate when the mind is perfectly aware of its own demise. Being diagnosed with Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) is a progressive degenerative disease caused by multiple severe concussions to the head. CTE is a disease that leads to many other abnormalities and only can be diagnosed after death. A concussion is
Through this they can tell if drugs and therapy will be safe or even effective on people since there are many different types. The way that some people can tell if they have lupus is if they have “sensitivity to light, hair loss, chest pains, anemia, purple fingers, dizziness and even depression” lupusresearch.org. The different types of lupus include systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). “The word “systemic” means the disease can affect many parts of the body,” lupusresearch.org. The symptoms of SLE can range from moderate to grave.
The word “lateral” refers to the area where the nerve cells are in the spinal cord. As this area is affected by ALS it creates scarring or hardening which is that last part of the name “sclerosis” (What Is ALS?). The symptoms of ALS include the muscles to not operate correctly in the legs, arms, face, and tongue. Eventually, a person with ALS can lose the ability to breathe too, but recent technologies have made a tubing system to allow you to breathe. ALS is all physically affected, not logical thought.
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is a degenerative neuromuscular disorder that affects the motor neurons of the spinal cord and brain. Due to degeneration or destruction of the motor neurons, muscles throughout the body begin to become weak and waste away to the point that an individual has no muscle movement. In most cases, due to having muscle strength, a patient with ALS will succumb to their disease because of respiratory failure or dehydration and malnutrition. It is a progressive disease with a prognosis of 3 to 5 years after initial diagnosis. There is no cure for the disease as of now.