Musculoskeletal Diseases Research Paper

398 Words2 Pages

Musculoskeletal Diseases

Musculoskeletal diseases can cause both major or minor physical disabilities that can be critical. Some musculoskeletal diseases don 't have a cure but there are many treatment options. Two examples of Musculoskeletal diseases are Fibrous Dysplasia of Bone and Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy.

Fibrous Dysplasia is a genetic disease that is characterized by bone pain deformities and fractures that involve one or more bones. Fibrous Dysplasia is associated with osteoblastic defects along with increased bone resorption. It is caused from a postzygotic missense mutation in gene coding for one of the subunits. Some symptoms of fibrous dysplasia include: Uneven growth of bones, pain, brittle bones, and bone deformity.

A few …show more content…

A couple of those treatment options are painkillers and, or bisphosphonates. Bisphosphonates are usually only used when pain killers or relievers are not effective.

Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy is a severe form of muscular dystrophy that is caused by a mutation in a gene in the X chromosome which prevents dystrophin from producing. Duchenne muscular dystrophy is more than often effective in males rather than females and tends to occur between the ages of 2-20. Duchenne muscular dystrophy occurs in approximately 1 every 3,600 males.

Some symptoms of duchenne muscular dystrophy include: Muscle weakness that begins in the hips, pelvis, and legs, difficulty standing, trouble learning to sit independently and walk, clumsiness, unsteady walking often on the toes or the balls of the feet, frequent falling.
Some of the tests ran to determine of you have this disease or not are: a completely neurological exam, an electromyography, genetic tests, or a muscle biopsy. There is no cure for duchenne muscular dystrophy, however; there is treatment that can be applied along with physical therapy. Some of the treatment options include: steroid drugs to slow down the process, albuterol, amino acids, carnitine,coenzyme Q10, or

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