Achilles Tendinitis Research Paper

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Achilles Tendinitis

Achilles (uh-kill-eez) tendinitis is a condition affecting the band of tissue that connects the calf muscles in the back of the lower part of the leg to the heel bone, which is the Achilles tendon.

The band of tissue connecting the calf muscles to the heel bone may become stiff, tender, and even painful, in the Achilles tendon and surrounding parts of the foot and leg, especially in the morning or after hours of sleep. The feelings associated with the Achilles tendon can be mild to moderate and even severe if left untreated.

The condition may occur from many activities including running, basketball, tennis and almost any sport or activity where duration or intensity has been increased suddenly. It also may present …show more content…

The band of tissue that connects your calf muscles to your heel bone is used when walking, running, pushing or jumping upwards with your foot.

Age is another cause of this condition. Achilles tendon weakens with age, making the tendon more vulnerable to injury. Weekend sports or increasing particular sports intensity may cause or make this condition worse.

A list of possible causes of Achilles tendinitis:

 Flat Arches.
 Obesity and/or tight calf muscles.
 Being Male. Males are affected more often than women.
 Aging. As we age, tendons get weaker.
 Weather conditions. Cold weather is harder on the tendons.
 Older shoes/Worn out shoes
 Uneven ground or hills are worse on tendons.
 Medical conditions such as high blood pressure and/or psoriasis pose a higher risk.
 Certain medications such as antibiotics (fluoroquinolones) may propose a problem.


A pain in the Achilles tendon usually begins with a mild ache in the back of the leg above the heel after running or being active which may tender to the touch, or look and feel swollen. Severe pain may present itself after more intense exercise such as running, sprinting, or even climbing

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