The Plains winds whipped across the fields raising billowing clouds of dust to the sky’s. The skies could darken for days, and even the most well sealed homes could have a thick layer of dust on furniture. In some places the dust would drift like snow, covering
Demographically, the Columbian Exchange allowed for a major population increase in Europe, but killed many natives of The Americas. As a result of crops such as potatoes and corn being introduced to Europe due to the Columbian Exchange, European population increased because the food supply increased. In contrast, Native American population decreased drastically due to the unintentional introduction and spread of diseases such as smallpox. Environmentally, the Columbian Exchange allowed European farmers to grow new crops, but led to major deforestation in The Americas. As a result of new crops such as corn and potatoes being introduced to Europe, farmers are able to grow more food of greater diversity.
A positive side of the having cold weather was that diseases wouldn’t spread easily. Even though the New England Colonies didn’t have a good land, they still had a big forest that was an advantage for them. In the Middle colonies, the weather they experienced was considered a good climate. In the Middle colonies, they had hot, longer summers and cold winters. There were good coastal harbors for shipping and land was ideal for agriculture.
Nature’s delicate balance of wind, rain, and grass had been disturbed by human settlement. Fifty years earlier, a strong protective carpet of grass had covered the Great Plains. The grass held moisture in the soil and kept the soil from blowing away (Holley).” Before the Great Plains were settled, its geography was covered in lush grasses that made it perfect for farming and raising livestock. As the population grew and more and more people settled there, the grass was removed so that they could farm the land.
What the dust destroyed was easier to fix than what the grasshoppers had taken. It was simple to fix blowing soil and dry ground: keep the ground wet. Soil destruction was easily fixed by the Soil Erosion Service, created by Congress, a program that created drainage pipes to keep the ground wet and reverse what the man-made drought had caused (“When the Dust Settled”). Blowing soil was reduced by 65% and didn’t cause damage anymore. The grasshoppers, however, could still come back and were still a threat after picking almost every farm clean of crops
Winter and summer formed a doubled-edged sword. In addition, periods of drought, rainstorms, tornadoes, swarms of grasshoppers could destroy fields of crops. For experienced farmers it was a Herculian task to build a home and establish a farm, but the free land, abundant wildlife, and the rich soil was so enticing, the opportunity hard to resist. My Antonia by Willa Cather embodies not just the physical hardships,
Like his emphasis that the only domestication of the plant has been wheat and that “wheat housed Homo sapiens rather than vice versa”. And how the growing of wheat brought about a “plethora of ailments”. In a way, farming societies underwent starvation, violence and the increasing population. In contrast, he hails the living approach and the diet of hunter foragers. However, I can’t seem to comprehend how the society would have evolved if we had remained foragers or what could have been an alternative to agriculture.
The South was able to produce 7/8 of the worlds cotton supply. The South became more dependent on the planted field system and it’s full of force part, slavery. Notably, at that moment, the North was flourishing industrially. The North depended on factories and others
After 1750s industrial revolution began and it led to advances in agricultural technology that greatly increased food production, which allow other people to pursue other work. At that time horsepower came into use and machinery like steam engine used in the agricultural process. Tractors were used for ploughing. In 1701 Jethro Tull’s used drill ways of sowing seed in rows, in the place of broadcasting. The industrial revolution changed the whole pattern of agriculture.
This increase in productivity made it possible to feed the growing human population. One person who is famous for his involvement in the Green Revolution is the scientist Norman Borlaug. In the 1940s, Norman Borlaug developed a strain of wheat that could resist diseases, was short, which reduced damage by wind, and could produce large seed heads and high yields. He introduced this variety of wheat in Mexico and within twenty years the production of wheat had tripled.
Fields as far as the eye could see of long, lush grass with native Americans and bison enjoying life. The fields were amazing before the settlers came with the 6 foot tall prairie grass that had 9 feet tightly woven roots. Prairie grass could handle stampedes of bisons the boiling sun and the bone dry drought that that part of the country went through. Grass that could survive fire from lightning hadn’t been harmed until the early 1800’s Furthermore, ripping out one of the most sustainable plants would be a mistake worse than dropping a nuke.
The poor farming practices that were put in place by profit farmers disregarding the state of the land coupled with the sudden explosive growth in farming technology allowing these farmers to farm much larger plots of land with much more ease left the topsoil completely vulnerable. While it was natural phenomena that sparked the Dust Bowl, it was not the cause, as these natural phenomena on their own would not have been nearly enough to cause anything on the scale of the Dust Bowl. The Dust Bowl was a direct causation of the poor farming methods of the farmers of the
The Events: What were some of the events that led to the Dust Bowl? The invention of new appliances such as tractors led to too much farming. More and more people came to Kansas because people were advertising the land. There was a higher demand for wheat and wheat was cheap and easy to plant (world war one).
The physical geography of the New England, Middle, and South regions are extremely different. The New England region is difficult to farm on because you have to break up rocks to farm on the thin soil. Breaking up the rocks required challenging work and they also had harsh winters. As a result of this, the New England people began fishing on their rich grounds and entered the lumber industry because of their thick forests. The Middle Colonies has amazing soil for growing wheat, which is what they received most of their income from.
Many civilizations had to deal with harsh environments while others had a very good environment. Some civilizations had to deal with deserts, mountains, rain forests, and areas with too much rain. Other civilizations had a very good settlement area such as river banks and the Mesopotamia. Tribes such as the Cherokee and the Mound Builders were in a very good geological environment. A Tribe known as the Apache didn 't live in a great area for farming but had other benefits like trading.